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OptiStruct_Optimization90_Folien

OptiStruct_Optimization90_Folien

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Published by Minh Tri Pham

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Published by: Minh Tri Pham on Jul 23, 2011
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12/18/20081
Copyright © 2008 Altair Engineering, Inc. All rights reserved.
Altair Proprietary and Confidential Information 
Altair OptiStruct
 ® 
Concept Design with Topology and TopographyOptimization
Altair Engineering
Copyright © 2008 Altair Engineering, Inc. All rights reserved.
Altair Proprietary and Confidential Information 
A World Class Suite of CAE Tools
HyperMesh
 
HyperView
 
HyperGraph
 
HyperForm
 
MotionView
WHAT IS ALTAIR HYPERWORKS?
 
MotionSolve
 
OptiStruct
 
HyperStudy
 
HyperViewPlayer
 
HyperWeb
 
Altair HyperWorks
HyperViewHyperMeshHyperGraphHyperFormMotionViewMotionSolveOptiStructHyperStudyHyperView PlayerHyperWeb
 
12/18/20082
Copyright © 2008 Altair Engineering, Inc. All rights reserved.
Altair Proprietary and Confidential Information 
What is OptiStruct
An Optimizer with a Finite Element and Multi-body dynamics solverintegratedUsed for the
design
,
analysis
and
optimization
of structures andmechanical systemsOptiStruct
Structural Optimization
solutions:
TopologyTopographyShape and SizeFree Size and Free Shape
Copyright © 2008 Altair Engineering, Inc. All rights reserved.
Altair Proprietary and Confidential Information 
Optimization Definitions:
Topology 
is a mathematical technique that optimized the material distribution for astructure within a given package space
Free Size 
is a mathematical technique that produces an optimized thicknessdistribution per element for a 2D structure.
Topography 
Topography optimization is an advanced form of shape optimizationin which a design region for a given part is defined and a pattern of shape variable-based reinforcements within that region is generated using OptiStruct .
Shape 
is an automated way to modify the structure shape based on a predefined shape variables to find the o 
ptimal shape.
Size 
is an automated way to modify the structure parameters (Thickness, 1D properties, material properties, etc…) to find the o 
ptimal shape.
Free Shape 
is an automated way to modify the structure shape based on set of nodes that can move totally free on the boundary to find the o 
ptimal shape.
 
12/18/20083
Copyright © 2008 Altair Engineering, Inc. All rights reserved.
Altair Proprietary and Confidential Information 
Optimization Terminology:
Design Variables 
System parameters that are varied to optimize systemperformance.
Design Space 
selected parts which are designable during optimizationprocess. For example, material in the design space of a topologyoptimization
Response 
Measurement of system performance.
Objective Function 
Any response function of the system to be optimized.The response is a function of the design variables. Ex. Mass, Stress,Displacement, Moment of Inertia, Frequency, Center of Gravity, Bucklingfactor, and etc.
Constraint Functions 
Bounds on response functionsof the system thatneed to be satisfied for the design to be acceptable.
Feasible Design 
One that satisfies all the constraints.
Infeasible Design 
One that violates one or more constraint functions.
Optimum Design 
Set of design variables along with the minimized (ormaximized) objective function that satisfy all the constraints.
Copyright © 2008 Altair Engineering, Inc. All rights reserved.
Altair Proprietary and Confidential Information 
Structural Optimization Concepts
The Optimization Problem Statement:Objective
(What do I want?)min f(x) also min [max f(x)] 
Design Variables
(What can I change?)
L
i =1,2,3,…N 
Design Constraints
(What performance targets must be met?)
 j 
(x)
 
0
 j = 
1, 2, 3, …,
Note: The functions f(x), g 
(x), can be linear, non-linear, implicit or explicit, and are continuous 
Example: Explicit 
y(x) = x 
2x 
Implicit 
x + yx - 
√ 
x = 0 

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