The Kerr Manufacturing Company in 1982 introduced a new instrument designthat they termed the
(Sybron Endo/Kerr; Orange Calif.). Itrepresentsthe first attempt to make a ³hybrid´ instrument, able to integrate the force andversatility of a K-File with the cutting aggression of a Hedstroem file.The cross-section of the K-Flex is rhombus or diamond shaped. The spirals or flutes are produced by the same twisting procedure used to produce the cutting edge of thestandard K-type files; however, this new cross-section presents significant changesin instrument flexibility and cutting characteristics. The cutting edges of the highflutes are formed by the two acute angles of the rhombus and present increasedsharpness and cutting efficiency. The alternating low flutes formed by the obtuseangles of the rhombus are meant to act as an auger, providing more area for increased debris removal. The decreased contact by the instrument with the canalwalls provides a space reservoir that, with proper irrigation, further reduces thedanger of compacting dentinal filings in the canal.Testing five brands of K-type files for stiffness, the San Antonio group found K-Flex files to be the most flexible. Moreover, not a single K-Flex fractured in torquetesting, even when twisted twice the recommended level in the ADAspecification.
(Roth WC, et al. A study of the strength of endodontic files. JOE 1983;9:228.)
are files in steel obtained bytwisting a wire with a triangular cross-section. The FlexoFiles tip is rounded andhas a transitional angle that is blunted making this instrument safer during theshaping of curved canals and particularly suited for the balanced force technique.
(POWELL, S.E., SIMON, J.H.S., MAZE, B.B.: A comparison of the effect of modifyed and nonmodified instrument tips on apical canal configuration. J. Endod.12:293, 1986.- POWELL, S.E., WONG, P.D., SIMON, J.H.S.: A comparison of the effect of modified and nonmodified instrument tips on apical canal configuration. J. Endod.14:224, 1988.)
They have a triangular cross-section which helps them to maintain a 3 pointcontact with the dentinal wall, at the same it; it makes the files less bulky and moreflexible than conventional K-files.Furthermore, the increased space for the removal