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A Brief Review of the Statistical Process
Using Descriptive Statistics
Using Comparative Statistics
Using Correlational Statistics
Understanding Hypothesis Testing,Power,and Sample Size
Understanding the p-Value
Planning a Successful Analysis
Formulate a Testable Research Question (Hypothesis)
Collect Data Appropriate to Testing Your Hypotheses
Properly Interpret and Report Your Results
Guidelines for Creating Data Sets
Preparing Excel Data for Import
Table 1.4 Sample Grouped Data
Guidelines for Reporting Results
Guidelines for Creating and Using Graphs
Opening Data Files for Examples
Summary
References
Describing and Examining Data
Example Data Files
Describing Quantitative Data
Observe the Distribution of Your Data
Testing for Normality
Tips and Caveats for Quantitative Data
Quantitative Data Description Examples
Table 2.1 Test for Normality on IRA Data
EXAMPLE2.2: Quantitative Data by Groups
Describing Categorical Data
Considerations for Examining Categorical Data
Tips and Caveats
Describing Categorical Data Examples
One-Sample t-Test
Appropriate Applications for a One-Sample t-Test
Design Considerations for a One-Sample t-Test
Hypotheses for a One-Sample t-Test
EXAMPLE 3.1: One-Sample t-Test
Figure 3.2 Boxplot of the Bolt Data
Table 3.2 Explore Output Showing the Confidence Interval for µ
Two-Sample t-Test
Appropriate Applications for a Two-Sample t-Test
Design Considerations for a Two-Sample t-Test
Hypotheses for a Two-Sample t-Test
Tips and Caveats for a Two-Sample t-Test
Two-Sample t-Test Examples
Figure 3.4 Boxplots for the Fertilizer Study
Table 3.4 Two-Sample t-Test Output for Fertilizer Data
Figure 3.5 Side-by-Side Boxplots for Job Placement Data
Table 3.5 Two-Sample t-Test Results for Job Placement Data
Paired t-Test
Associated Confidence Interval
Appropriate Applications for a Paired t-Test
Design Considerations for a Paired t-Test
Hypotheses for a Paired t-Test
EXAMPLE 3.4: Paired t-Test
Correlation and Regression
Correlation Analysis
Appropriate Applications for Correlation Analysis
Design Considerations for Correlation Analysis
Hypotheses for Correlation Analysis
Tips and Caveats for Correlation Analysis
EXAMPLE 4.1: Correlation Analysis
Simple Linear Regression
Design Considerations for Simple Linear Regression
Hypotheses for a Simple Linear Regression Analysis
Tips and Caveats for Simple Linear Regression
Interval Estimates
EXAMPLE4.2:Simple Linear Regression
Figure 4.5 Scatterplot for Simple Linear Regression Example
Table 4.2 Results of Simple Linear Regression Analysis
Multiple Linear Regression
Design Considerations for Multiple Linear Regression
Hypotheses for Multiple Linear Regression
R-Square
Tips and Caveats for Multiple Linear Regression
EXAMPLE4.3:Multiple Linear Regression Analysis
Residual Analysis
Figure 4.8 Residual Plot for JOBSCORE.SAV Data
Bland-Altman Analysis
Design Considerations for a Bland-Altman Analysis
EXAMPLE4.4: Bland-Altman Analysis
Figure 4.10Bland-Altman Plot
Analysis of Categorical Data
Contingency Table Analysis (r ×× c)
Hypotheses for a Contingency Table Analysis
Contingency Table Examples
EXAMPLE5.1: r ××cContingency Table Analysis
Table 5.1 Pearson’s Crime Analysis Data
Figure 5.1 Bar Chart for Crime Versus Drinking Analysis
Table 5.3 Chi-Square Tests for Crime Data
EXAMPLE5.2: 2 ××2 Contingency Table Analysis
Table 5.5 Output for 2 ×2 Exposure/Reaction Data
Table 5.6 Statistical Output for 2 ×2 Exposure/Reaction Data
Analyzing Risk Ratios in a 2 ××2 Table
McNemar’s Test
Appropriate Applications of McNemar’s Test
Hypotheses for McNemar’s Test
EXAMPLE5.4: McNemar’s Test
Table 5.9 2 ×2 Table for Advertising Effectiveness Data
Mantel-Haenszel Comparison
Hypotheses Tests Used in Mantel-Haenszel Analysis
Design Considerations for a Mantel-Haenszel Test
EXAMPLE5.5: Mantel-Haenszel Analysis
Tips and Caveats for Mantel-Haenszel Analysis
Tests of Interrater Reliability
Appropriate Applications of Interrater Reliability
EXAMPLE 5.6: Interrater Reliability Analysis
Table 5.15Results for Interrater Reliability Analysis
Goodness-of-Fit Test
Appropriate Applications of the Goodness-of-Fit Test
Design Considerations for a Goodness-of-Fit Test
Hypotheses for a Goodness-of-Fit Test
Tips and Caveats for a Goodness-of-Fit Test
EXAMPLE5.7: Goodness-of-Fit Test
Table 5.16Goodness-of-Fit Analysis for Mendel’s Data
Other Measures of Association for Categorical Data
One-Way ANOVA
Appropriate Applications for a One-Way ANOVA
Design Considerations for a One-Way ANOVA
Hypotheses for a One-Way ANOVA
Tips and Caveats for a One-Way ANOVA
EXAMPLE6.1: One-Way ANOVA
Table 6.1 Descriptive Statistics for a One-Way ANOVA
Table 6.2 ANOVA Table for COURSE.SAV Data
Table 6.7 One-Way ANOVA Data for EXAMPLE6.2
Figure 6.3 Mean Number of Flowers by Supplement Strength
Two-Way Analysis of Variance
Table 6.9 Two-Way ANOVA Data
Appropriate Applications for a Two-Way ANOVA
Design Considerations for a Two-Way ANOVA
Hypotheses for a Two-Way ANOVA
Figure 6.4 Interaction Plots
Tips and Caveats for a Two-Way ANOVA
EXAMPLE 6.3: Two-Way ANOVA
Table 6.10Descriptive Statistics for Two-Way ANOVA
Table 6.11Table for Two-Way ANOVA
Table 6.13Tukey Comparison Results in Graphical Form
Repeated-Measures Analysis of Variance
Hypotheses for a Repeated-Measures ANOVA
Tips and Caveats for a Repeated-Measures ANOVA
EXAMPLE 6.4: Repeated-Measures ANOVA
Table 6.15ANOVA Results for Repeated-Measures Analysis
Table 6.17Results of Bonferroni Comparison
Analysis of Covariance
Appropriate Applications for Analysis of Covariance
Design Considerations for an Analysis of Covariance
Hypotheses for an Analysis of Covariance
EXAMPLE6.5: Analysis of Covariance
Table 6.20Analysis of Covariance Pairwise Comparisons
Table 6.21Adjusted Means for Analysis of Covariance
Spearman’s Rho
Appropriate Applications for Spearman’s Rho
Design Considerations for Spearman’s Rho
Hypotheses for Spearman’s Rho
Tips and Caveats for Spearman’s Rho
EXAMPLE 7.1: Spearman’s Rho
Figure 7.1 Scatterplot of Grade Versus Attendance Data
Mann-Whitney (Two Independent Groups Test)
Hypotheses for a Mann-Whitney Test
EXAMPLE 7.2: Mann-Whitney Test
Kruskal-Wallis Test
Hypotheses for a Kruskal-Wallis Test
EXAMPLE 7.3: Kruskal-Wallis Test
Figure 7.2 Data for Kruskal-Wallis Example
Table 7.3 Output for Wilcoxon Signed-Rank Test
Friedman’s Test
Hypotheses for Friedman’s Test
EXAMPLE 7.5: Friedman’s Test
Table 7.5 Multiple Comparisons for Friedman’s Test
Introduction to Logistic Regression
Appropriate Applications for Logistic Regression
Simple Logistic Regression
Hypotheses for Simple Logistic Regression
Tips and Caveats for Simple Logistic Regression
EXAMPLE8.1:Simple Logistic Regression
Multiple Logistic Regression
Tips and Caveats for Multiple Logistic Regression
EXAMPLE8.2:Multiple Logistic Regression
Working With Data in SPSS
Table A2 Output From Descriptives Procedure
SPSS Step-by-Step.EXAMPLEA8:Transposing Data
How to Use the Tables
Table B1 Descriptive Statistics
Table B2 Comparison Tests
Table B3 Relational Analyses (Correlation and Regression)
Index
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Ebooksclub.org Statistical Analysis Quick Reference Guidebook With SPSS Examples(2)

# Ebooksclub.org Statistical Analysis Quick Reference Guidebook With SPSS Examples(2)

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11/30/2013

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