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SAP HR Questions

SAP HR Questions

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Published by Vikas Chopra

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Published by: Vikas Chopra on Jul 24, 2011
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1.
Explain the uses of the simple maintenance interface?
Simple Maintenance is used when Staff assignmentsand reportingstructure are to be changed. There are three main areas in Simple Maintenance. Eacharea containsparticularmaintenance functions, depending on whether youwant to editorganizational structure, staff assignments or task profiles. ForOrganizational Management users, Simple Maintenance is best used toestablish the basic framework in organizational plan development. Forcomplete, detailed editing of individual organizational objects in yourorganizational plan (editing particular positions or organizational units, forexample), we recommend that you switch to Info-type Maintenance. Simplemaintenance uses a tree structure, which allows you to create a basicframework for organizational plans, using streamlined procedures. In thisway, we can create an organizational and reporting structuresstep by step.
2. What is the use of INFOGROUPS?
The infotype group (commonly known as infogroup) guarantees that duringthe personnel action, all information needed for the business processes isstored. The infogroup is processed when you perform a personnel action. - Aninfogroup exists in the standard system for every personnel action type. - InCustomizing for Personnel Administration, you can tailor themake-upof thevarious infogroups to the requirements of your company. - You can defineinfogroups as user-group dependent. Infogroups are used in PersonnelActions to define a set of sequencial infotypes that you would be using whileperforming an action. For example, when you hire, you would want to useIT0000,0001,0002,0006,0007,0008 etc in a sequence- in a particular order.So define an Infogroup for this purpose which contains all these infotypes,their order of execution and the user groups it is applicable for. Then youassign this infogroup to the action that you had defined.
3. What is PROCESSING CLASS, where we do them and why?
Wage type characteristic that determines how processing is conducted duringthe payroll run.
4. What is EVALUTION PATH, where do we do it and why?
A chain of relationships between objects in a hierarchical structure. for eg. O-S-P(Organization->Position->Person).
5. What is INTERNAL PAYROLL PROCESS?
Payroll process(program) is run at a specific point in time, not only tocalculatean employee’s basic remuneration but also any special payments,overtime payments or bonuses that must be effected for the period inquestion.
 
1) What is the difference betweenABAP and HR ABAP 2) What is logical
data base
3) What are logical data bases used in hr module4) What is the difference between PNP and PNPCE5) Explain GET PERNR concept when we use logical data base6) Explain the programflow when we uselogical databasePNP or PNPCE 7) What are the program
names for
logical database PNP and PNPCE8 ) What is report category and for what purpose do we use report category9) What is Infotype and how it is different from tables10) Why do we require Infotypes for HR module11) What are the transaction codes to create the Infotypes12) What is the process to enhance the Infotype13) Importance of PA20, PA30 and PA4014) How can we decide weather we can enhance the standard Infotype or not15) What is PAKEY
structure
, PSHD1 structure and what type of fields it contains16) What is PS structure17) What are the payroll related Infotypes18) What are the time related Infotypes19) What are the personnel administration related Infotypes20) What are the organizational related Infotypes21) What is Macro22) What are the standard macros do we use in HR  ABAP23) What is PNP-SW-FOUND24) What is the difference between select statement and provide statement25) Which function module reads the data for particular Infotype26) What is repetitive structure and for which Infotype do we have27) How do you retrieve the data for repetitive structures28) Can we develop program without logical database for hr module data retrieval29) By using which FM we can upload data into Infotype30) If yes then why do we require logical database31) What are
advantages and disadvantages
of logical data base32) What is the transaction code to display the payroll results33) What is payroll driver 34) Where the payroll results are stored35) Explain the concept of clusters in payroll36) How do you read the data from clusters37) What is retro active accounting38) In which cluster time results are stored39) What is wage type40) What is personnel area41) What is personnel sub are42) What is payroll area
 
43) What is the difference between semi-monthly and Bi-weekly payroll area44) What is sequence
number
45) What is For-period and In-period46) What is off cycle payroll run47) How do you execute the payroll48) What is schema and transaction code49) What is functions and transaction code50) What is features and transaction code51) What is the transaction code to modify the hr form52) What are the FM do we use in OM53) What is object in OM54) Which FM do you use to find out who is reporting to whom55) What all are the differences did you find in hr module between 4.7 and ECC6versions
S.P.O.C.K - These are the most important objects in OMS - PositionP - PersonO - Organizational UnitC - JobK - Cost Center
Organizational units
can any type of organizational entity. Eg. programs,regions, districts, divisions, departments, teams, etc. Seperate Organizational unitsare needed when:1.Reporting for each is required seperatel2.Units can have Managers/Leaders3.Units that have distinct tasks/activities
 Jobs
are general classification of tasks that are preformed together. Eg. HumanResources Director, Administrative Specialist, Equipment Operator, etc.
 Positions
are organization specific. A number of positions can be based on thesame job. As a general rule, each position represents only one employee.
 Persons
hold positions - more information on persons are stored in PA (Personnel Administration)
Relationships:
Position belongs to org unit <-> org unit incorporates position

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