The guitar is a musical instrument with ancient roots that is used in a wide variety of musical styles. It
typically has six strings
, but four, seven, eight, ten, and twelvestring guitars also exist. Guitars are recognized as one of the
primary instruments inblues
, and many forms of pop. This is also a
Guitars may be played
acoustically, where the tone is produced by vibration of thestrings and modulated by the hollow body, or they may rely on an amplifier thatcan electronically manipulate tone.
Such electric guitars were introduced in the 20thcentury and continue to have a profound influence on popular culture.
Traditionallyguitars have usually been constructed of combinations of various woods andstrung with animal gut, or more recently, with either nylon or steel strings.Indian Origin
Before the development of the electric guitar and the use of synthetic materials, aguitar was defined as being an instrument having "a long, fretted neck, flat woodensoundboard, ribs, and a flat back, most often with incurved sides".Instruments similar to the guitar have been popular for at least 5,000 years.
The guitar appears to be
earlier instruments known in ancient India andCentral Asia as the “
. The oldestknown iconographic representation of aninstrument displaying all the essential featuresof a guitar being played is a 3300 year oldstone carving of a Hittite bard. The modern
word “Guitar” was adopted
derived from theLatin word “cithara”
which in turn wasderived from
.Prospective sources for various names of musical instruments that guitar could be