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Week 6

Week 6

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Published by Rtoes

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Categories:Types, School Work
Published by: Rtoes on Jul 24, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Name: _________________________
Linguistics for Teachers and Writers
TESC E&W Studies
Study guide for week 3:
The goals for this week are: 1) to examine unbounded syntactic phenomena in Englishwhich require a more powerful type of syntactic (transformational) rule in order toadequately describe; 2) to practice using different types of constituents in sentences; 3) toexamine the syntactic differences between languages; 4) to develop a theory of syntaxthat captures our ability to learn different languages.
Language Files: 5.6Tufte: chapters 1-7
Exercises from the text:
Additional exercises:
1. It is possible to make a passive sentence by combining
with the passive participle.It is also possible to use
(or in the past tense
) instead:i. This carpet gets cleaned frequently.ii. The food got eaten by Jake.What is the word class of 
in these cases? Justify your answer.2. There is a transformational rule that allows the movement of a verb particle to the endof a sentence, as in the following sentence:i. Jake threw out the trash.ii. Jake threw the trash out.Now consider the following sentences:i. *She stood up them.ii. She stood them up.i. *I wrote down it.ii. I wrote it down.i. *The bartender kicked out him.
ii. The bartender kicked him out.Describe the circumstances under which the particle must be separated from its verb.3. Consider the following pairs of related sentences:i. The parent gave the money to the child.ii. The parent gave the child the money.i. I wrote a letter to the senator.ii. I wrote the senator a letter.a.Using a different verb, think up another such pair.b.State as precisely as possible in terms of constituent structure the rule that relatesthese pairs of sentences. Formulate a transformational rule which captures thisrelationship.4. Consider the following data:Spanish EnglishHablo ingles.*Speak English.Yo hablo ingles.I speak English.Llueve.*is raining.Te quiero.*Love you.Yo te quiero.I love youa. Assume that there is a parameter in UG that allows some languages to have no subjectin a tensed clause (null subject parameter). The parameter can take either of thefollowing two settings:i. [- subject]ii.[+ subject]b. Further assume that children learning language only have access to positive evidencefrom which to determine the parameter setting for their language.c. Which setting will a child will hypothesize first? Explain.
Essential concepts:
a)constituentb)hierarchicalc)structure structural ambiguityd)constituent teste)tree diagramf)major/minor lexical categoriesg)phrasal categoriesh)noun phrase (NP)

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