Linguistics for Teachers and Writers
TESC • E&W Studies
Study guide for week 3:
The goals for this week are: 1) to examine unbounded syntactic phenomena in Englishwhich require a more powerful type of syntactic (transformational) rule in order toadequately describe; 2) to practice using different types of constituents in sentences; 3) toexamine the syntactic differences between languages; 4) to develop a theory of syntaxthat captures our ability to learn different languages.
Language Files: 5.6Tufte: chapters 1-7
Exercises from the text:
1. It is possible to make a passive sentence by combining
with the passive participle.It is also possible to use
(or in the past tense
) instead:i. This carpet gets cleaned frequently.ii. The food got eaten by Jake.What is the word class of
in these cases? Justify your answer.2. There is a transformational rule that allows the movement of a verb particle to the endof a sentence, as in the following sentence:i. Jake threw out the trash.ii. Jake threw the trash out.Now consider the following sentences:i. *She stood up them.ii. She stood them up.i. *I wrote down it.ii. I wrote it down.i. *The bartender kicked out him.