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rr321002-opto-electronic--and--laser-instrumentation

rr321002-opto-electronic--and--laser-instrumentation

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Code No: RR321002
Set No. 1
III B.Tech II Semester Supplimentary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2008
OPTO ELECTRONIC AND LASER INSTRUMENTATION
(Electronics & Instrumentation Engineering)
Time: 3 hours
Max Marks: 80
Answer any FIVE Questions
All Questions carry equal marks
\u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6

1. (a) Brie\ufb02y explain about the optical \ufb01bre construction details and show a \ufb01gure for transmission of light rays and discuss about the refractive index distribution with a graph.

(b) Write the equations for the total internal re\ufb02ection of the light rays in a optical
\ufb01bre cable and derive the expression for the Numerical Aperture of the \ufb01bre.
[8+8]
2. (a) List out the various stages of a communication system using optical \ufb01bers with
a \ufb01gure. Explain the function of each block in detail.
(b) Give any three applications of optical \ufb01bers for instrumentation and explain
them with the necessary \ufb01gures.
[8+8]
3. (a) Explain the working of a Ruby laser.
(b) Explain the working of a 4 level laser system.
[8+8]
4. (a) Compare and contrast double exposure interferometry and real time interfer-
ometry.
(b) Write in detail about IR detectors.
[8+8]
5. (a) What is an Evanescent sensor? Explain.
(b) Explain the principle and working of a \ufb01ber Gyroscope.
[8+8]
6. With neat diagrams explain the following applications of lasers in detail :
(a) Lasers in material processing.
(b) Laser fusion in power plants.
[8+8]
7. (a) With the help of neat sketches explain holographic interferometry?
(b) With the help of neat sketches explain holographic computer memories?[8+8]
8. (a) What is meant by modulation?
(b) Explain the phenomenan of electro - optic e\ufb00ect. Discuss the operation of a
linear electro - optic modulator.
[6+10]
\u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6
1 of 1
Code No: RR321002
Set No. 2
III B.Tech II Semester Supplimentary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2008
OPTO ELECTRONIC AND LASER INSTRUMENTATION
(Electronics & Instrumentation Engineering)
Time: 3 hours
Max Marks: 80
Answer any FIVE Questions
All Questions carry equal marks
\u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6

1. (a) Brie\ufb02y explain about the optical \ufb01bre construction details and show a \ufb01gure for transmission of light rays and discuss about the refractive index distribution with a graph.

(b) Write the equations for the total internal re\ufb02ection of the light rays in a optical
\ufb01bre cable and derive the expression for the Numerical Aperture of the \ufb01bre.
[8+8]
2. (a) List out the various stages of a communication system using optical \ufb01bers with
a \ufb01gure. Explain the function of each block in detail.
(b) Give any three applications of optical \ufb01bers for instrumentation and explain
them with the necessary \ufb01gures.
[8+8]
3. (a) Explain the three modes of vibration of a CO2 molecule and how the popula-
tion inversion is achieved in CO2 laser.
(b) What is Q switching? Explain the various techniques for Q switching of lasers.
[8+8]
4. (a) With a neat diagram explain the interferometric method of measurement of
length.
(b) Write in detail about IR sources.
[8+8]
5. (a) What is an Evanescent sensor? Explain.
(b) Explain the principle and working of a \ufb01ber Gyroscope.
[8+8]
6. (a) With a neat sketches explain the operation of Laser Doppler velocity meter.
(b) With a neat diagram explain the operation of laser endoscope.
[8+8]
7. (a) Describe the construction and working of a LED.

(b) Estimate the power generated internally within a double heterojunction LED at a drive current of 60mA and a peak emission wavelength of 1.31\u00b5m. The radiative and non-raidiative recombination life time of the minority carriers in the active region are 100\u00b5s. and 60\u00b5s respectively.

[8+8]
8. (a) What is meant by modulation?
(b) Explain the phenomenan of electro - optic e\ufb00ect. Discuss the operation of a
linear electro - optic modulator.
[6+10]
\u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6
1 of 1
Code No: RR321002
Set No. 3
III B.Tech II Semester Supplimentary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2008
OPTO ELECTRONIC AND LASER INSTRUMENTATION
(Electronics & Instrumentation Engineering)
Time: 3 hours
Max Marks: 80
Answer any FIVE Questions
All Questions carry equal marks
\u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6

1. (a) Brie\ufb02y explain about the optical \ufb01bre construction details and show a \ufb01gure for transmission of light rays and discuss about the refractive index distribution with a graph.

(b) Write the equations for the total internal re\ufb02ection of the light rays in a optical
\ufb01bre cable and derive the expression for the Numerical Aperture of the \ufb01bre.
[8+8]
2. (a) Give any three applications of optical \ufb01bers for instrumentation and explain
them with the necessary \ufb01gures.
(b) Draw the block diagram of a typical \ufb01ber optic communication system and
explain the function of each block in detail.
[8+8]
3. (a) Derive the optimum coupling condition in laser oscillation

(b) Calculate critical \ufb02uorescence powerPs of He-Ne laser operating at 6328 A. assume V=2cm3 , L = 1 % loss, l= 30 cm , \u2206\u03c5 = 1.5 * 109 Hz. Also \ufb01nd out critical inversion frequency.

[8+8]
4. (a) Explain how the Moire-Fringe modulation \ufb01ber optic sensor helps in eliminat-
ing the instability encountered with \ufb01ber optic intensity modulated sensor.
(b) With a neat diagram explain the interferometric method of measurement of
length.
[8+8]
5. (a) Di\ufb00erentiate between a transducer and a sensor.
(b) Explain a method for measurement of current by a single mode \ufb01ber optic
sensor with the help of a diagram.
(c) How do you estimate the transmission line loss using the above sensor.
[5+6+5]
6. With neat diagrams explain the following applications of lasers in detail :
(a) Lasers in material processing.
(b) Laser fusion in power plants.
[8+8]
7. (a) Explain the terms coherence requirements, resolution in connection with holo-
gram?
(b) With the help of neat sketches explain the recording mechanism of hologram?
[8+8]
1 of 2

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