Virtues of Surah al-Kahf
Surah al-Kahf has many virtues. It is a sunnah to recite this surah every Friday. TheProphet (saw) said
Surah al-Kahf on Friday will have a light that willshine from one Friday to the next.
(Haakim and Bayhaqi)As well as this, it is reported in the Hadith that memorisers of the first and last part ofthis surah will be protected from the Dajjaal:
ever preserves the first (or the last) ten verses of Surah al-Kahf will beprotected from the Dajjaal.
Themes in this Surah
, which gives
(amthaal) for understanding, serves thedual purpose of
r) the unbelievers and giving „”
(bashaarah) to the believers (18:56).
This worldly life is a
to see who does the
This worldly life is ephemeral (18:45), whereas the life of the Hereafter isforever (18:3).
Iblees and his army of humans and jinns are the driving forces behind eviland we should beware of their schemes in diverting us from theRemembrance of Allah (18:50).
Having faith and trust in Allah as He is the prime „cause‟ behind all actions
and there is wisdom behind everything whether or not we understand it(18:78-82).
(zeenah) of the world are wealth, children, authority andpower (18:45-6).
Among the formulae for success against the forces of evil are clinging to the
Qur‟an, being active in giving
(i.e. calling to Allah and His deen), beingwith good people, being grateful to Allah for the resources He has given usand spending on the needy, seeking knowledge with humility, not abusing ourauthority, and using our God-given talents for the benefit of humanity at large(18:28;110).
Structure of Surah al-Kahf
Vs. 1-8: Introduction of praise and warning;
Vs. 9-26: Story of the Companions of the Cave;
Vs. 27-31: Orders and prohibitions; promise of Hell and Paradise;
Vs. 32-59: Parable of the Man with the Two Gardens, the temporary natureof worldly life and the power and signs of Allah;
Vs. 60-82: Story of Musa and Khidr;
Vs. 83-101: Story of Dhul-Qarnayn and Gog and Magog;
Vs. 102-110: Concluding remarks, including warning of Hellfire and promiseof Paradise, and final instructions to the Prophet (saw).