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Surah al-Kahf, Quran, chapter 18 - Understanding the Mystery of Life - Koran course notes

Surah al-Kahf, Quran, chapter 18 - Understanding the Mystery of Life - Koran course notes

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Published by All4The_Hereafter
The virtue, theme and structure of Surah al-Kahf (The Cave) -the 18th chapter of the Glorious Qur'an- is provided. Four historical events including the People of the Cave; Musa (Moses) and Khidr; the owner of the two gardens; Dhul Quarnayn are summarised and the trials and tribulations of this world is explored from the Islamic prospective. Muslims are encouraged to memorize and recite this chapter especially on Fridays as protection against Dajjal (the Anti-Christ), it is essential to understand this surah and to implemement the antidote provided therein.

This course notes was provided as a supplementary to the course delivered by Hafiz Abdullah Muhammad.
The virtue, theme and structure of Surah al-Kahf (The Cave) -the 18th chapter of the Glorious Qur'an- is provided. Four historical events including the People of the Cave; Musa (Moses) and Khidr; the owner of the two gardens; Dhul Quarnayn are summarised and the trials and tribulations of this world is explored from the Islamic prospective. Muslims are encouraged to memorize and recite this chapter especially on Fridays as protection against Dajjal (the Anti-Christ), it is essential to understand this surah and to implemement the antidote provided therein.

This course notes was provided as a supplementary to the course delivered by Hafiz Abdullah Muhammad.

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Categories:Types, Research
Published by: All4The_Hereafter on Jul 25, 2011
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Introduction
Surah al-Kahf
is the 18th chapter of the Glorious Qur‟an and probably the most
frequently-recited surah on a weekly basis as Muslims are enjoined to read it everyFriday. It appears at the
centre
of the Qur
an. The surah begins and ends withdiscussion about the importance of the
Qur‟an and how it was sent down “to givegood news to the believers who do good deeds that they shall have a goodly reward”
 
(18:2). It goes on to narrate four beautiful stories that illustrate how one‟s faith can be
protected against trials and tribulations.The surah contains important lessons that are directly relevant to Muslims living inthe West. Studying, reflecting and acting on this surah will provide us with protectionfor our faith in the age of materialism and overcome the various tests and trials offaith, wealth, knowledge and power, as illustrated by each of the stories in this surah.During this short course, we will be focusing on the story of Musa (AS) and Khidr(AS) to understand the mystery of life. In particular, we will seek to explain theproblem of evil and trusting Divine Wisdom behind seemingly negative events. InshaAllah, this will help to strengthen our faith and prepare us to face the challenges oflife. We will also find out how by reading Surah al-Kahf on a weekly basis we can
„enlighten‟ our lives.
 
3
Questions to think about when studying Surah al-Kahf
i. What is so special about this surah?
Unique subject-matter: four beautiful stories complementing each other.ii. Specifically recommended to be read on
Jumu‟ah (
Friday). Why?
Special
“l
ight
created for the week.
Forgiveness from one week to the next.
Protection from the fitan (trials
; plural of Arabic “fitna
h
) of ad-Dajjal.iii. What do all the stories in the surah have in common?The trials and tribulations of this world are in general of four types, namely in:
Faith (iman);
Wealth (mal);
 
Knowledge („
ilm);
Power (quwwah).iv. What is the connection of this surah with the Dajjal?This surah offers protection from the trials & tribulations of this world and of Dajjal.
Unique features of Surah al-Kahf
It is the only surah in which the word
Kahf
occurs.
It is one of five surahs beginning with
Alhamdu Lillah
.
It is placed
at the centre of the Qur‟an
.
It offers protection from the Dajjal.
Certain information is
only given in this surah and nowhere else in the Qur‟an
,such as the story of the Companions of the Cave, the meeting of Musa (AS)with Khidr (AS), and the journeys of Dhul-Qarnayn.
It is the only surah that we are advised to read weekly.
It is the only surah that it is recommended should be read on a specific day ofthe week.
A special
light
is created by our reading this surah.
There is frequent mention of the name of Allah; He is described with theattributive title
Rabb
by all positive characters in the surah, demonstratingthe
caring
nature of our Lord.
The surah begins and ends with discussion of
the Qur‟an.
 
The use of the word
“a
yah
(sign) in different places in the surah to point outthe signs of Allah.
 
4
Virtues of Surah al-Kahf
Surah al-Kahf has many virtues. It is a sunnah to recite this surah every Friday. TheProphet (saw) said
:
 
“Whoever reads
Surah al-Kahf on Friday will have a light that willshine from one Friday to the next.
(Haakim and Bayhaqi)As well as this, it is reported in the Hadith that memorisers of the first and last part ofthis surah will be protected from the Dajjaal:
“Who
ever preserves the first (or the last) ten verses of Surah al-Kahf will beprotected from the Dajjaal.
(Saheeh Muslim)
Themes in this Surah
 
The Qur‟an
, which gives
examples
(amthaal) for understanding, serves thedual purpose of
warning
(indhaa
r) the unbelievers and giving „”
good news
 (bashaarah) to the believers (18:56).
This worldly life is a
“t
est
to see who does the
“b
est action
(a
hsan „
amal,18:7).
This worldly life is ephemeral (18:45), whereas the life of the Hereafter isforever (18:3).
Iblees and his army of humans and jinns are the driving forces behind eviland we should beware of their schemes in diverting us from theRemembrance of Allah (18:50).
 
Having faith and trust in Allah as He is the prime „cause‟ behind all actions
and there is wisdom behind everything whether or not we understand it(18:78-82).
Among the
glitter
(zeenah) of the world are wealth, children, authority andpower (18:45-6).
Among the formulae for success against the forces of evil are clinging to the
Qur‟an, being active in giving
d
a‟wah
(i.e. calling to Allah and His deen), beingwith good people, being grateful to Allah for the resources He has given usand spending on the needy, seeking knowledge with humility, not abusing ourauthority, and using our God-given talents for the benefit of humanity at large(18:28;110).
Structure of Surah al-Kahf
Vs. 1-8: Introduction of praise and warning;
Vs. 9-26: Story of the Companions of the Cave;
Vs. 27-31: Orders and prohibitions; promise of Hell and Paradise;
Vs. 32-59: Parable of the Man with the Two Gardens, the temporary natureof worldly life and the power and signs of Allah;
Vs. 60-82: Story of Musa and Khidr;
Vs. 83-101: Story of Dhul-Qarnayn and Gog and Magog;
Vs. 102-110: Concluding remarks, including warning of Hellfire and promiseof Paradise, and final instructions to the Prophet (saw).

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