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r05220101-probability-and-statistics

# r05220101-probability-and-statistics

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Code No: R05220101
Set No. 1
II B.Tech Supplimentary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2008

PROBABILITY AND STATISTICS
( Common to Civil Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, Chemical
Engineering, Mechatronics, Production Engineering, Bio-Technology and
Automobile Engineering)

Time: 3 hours
Max Marks: 80
All Questions carry equal marks
\u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6
1. (a) For any three arbitrary events A, B, C prove that
P(A\u2032\u222a B\u2032\u222a C) = P(A) + P(B) + P(C)\u2212 P(A\u2229 B)\u2212 P(B\u2229 C)\u2212 P(C\u2229
A) + P(A\u2229 B\u2229 C)
(b) In a certain town 40% have brown hair, 25% have brown eyes and 15% have
both brown hair and brown eyes. A person is select at random from the town
i. If he has brown hair, what is the probability that he has brown eyes also
ii. If he has brown eyes, determine the probability that he does not have
brown hair
[8+8]
2. (a) A sample of 4 items is selected at random from a box containing 12 items of
which 5 are defective. Find the expected number of defective items.
(b) Six cards are drawn from a pack of 52 cards. Find the probability that
i. at least three are diamonds
ii. none is a diamond.
[8+8]
3. (a) Using recurrence formula \ufb01nd the probabilities whenx=0, 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5
If the mean of Poisson distribution is 3.
(b) If the masses of 300 students are normally distributed with mean 68 kgs and
standard deviation 3 kgs how many students have masses.
i. Greater then 72 kg
ii. Less than or equal to 64 kg
iii. Between 65 and 71 kg inclusive
[8+8]
4. Sample of size 2 are collected from the population 3,5,7,9,11 without replacement.
Find the

(a) Mean of population.
(b) Standard deviation of population.
(c) Mean of the sampling distribution of means.
(d) Standard deviation of sampling distribution of means.

[8+8]

5. (a) A sample of 100 iron bars is said to be drawn from a large number of bars. Whose lengths are normally distributed with mean 4 feet and S.D 0.6ft. If the sample mean is 4.2 ft, can the sample be regarded as a truly random sample?

1 of 2
Code No: R05220101
Set No. 1

(b) A random sample of 500 apples was taken from a large consignment and 60 were found to be bad. Within the 98% con\ufb01dence limits for the percentage number of bad apples in the consignment.

[8+8]
6. The following is the distribution of hourly number of trucks arriving at a company\u2019s
warehouse;
No.ofTrucks 0
1
2
3
4 5 678
Frequency
52 151 130 102 45 12 5 1 2
Find the mean of this distribution, and using it as parameter\u03bb, \ufb01t a Poisson
distribution. Test for goodness of \ufb01t at the 0.05 level of signi\ufb01cance?
[16]
7. (a) The following data pertain to the demand for a product ( in thousands of
units) and its price ( in cents) charged in \ufb01ve di\ufb00erent market areas:
Price(x) 20 16 10 11 14
Demand 22 41 120 89 56
Fit a straight line of the form y =ao +a1x to the above data
(b) Fit the model y =axb to the following data:
[8+8]
x:
1
2
3
4
5
6
y: 2.98 4.26 5.21 6.10 6.80 7.50
8. Compute the coe\ufb03cient of correlation and the two lines of regression for the
following data.
[16]
X 14 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23
Y 84 78 70 75 66 67 62 58 60
\u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6
2 of 2
Code No: R05220101
Set No. 2
II B.Tech Supplimentary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2008

PROBABILITY AND STATISTICS
( Common to Civil Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, Chemical
Engineering, Mechatronics, Production Engineering, Bio-Technology and
Automobile Engineering)

Time: 3 hours
Max Marks: 80
All Questions carry equal marks
\u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6
1. (a) For any three arbitrary events A, B, C prove that
P(A\u2032\u222a B\u2032\u222a C) = P(A) + P(B) + P(C)\u2212 P(A\u2229 B)\u2212 P(B\u2229 C)\u2212 P(C\u2229
A) + P(A\u2229 B\u2229 C)
(b) In a certain town 40% have brown hair, 25% have brown eyes and 15% have
both brown hair and brown eyes. A person is select at random from the town
i. If he has brown hair, what is the probability that he has brown eyes also
ii. If he has brown eyes, determine the probability that he does not have
brown hair
[8+8]
2. (a) Let x be a discrete random variable having the following probability distribu-
tion, then
X
-2 -1 0
1
2
3
P(X) 0.1 k 0.2 2k 0.3 3k
Find
i. K
ii. mean
iii. variance
(b) The probability that the life of a bulb is 100 days is .05. Find the probability
that one of 6 bulbs.
i. Atleast one
ii. greater than 4
iii. none, will be having a life of 100 days.
[8+8]
3. (a) The probabilities of a poisson variate taking the values 1 and 2 are equal. Find
i.\u00b5
ii. p(x\u2265 1)
iii. p(1< x < 4)
(b) In a sample of 1000 cases, the mean of a certain test is 14 and standard
deviation is 2.5. Assuming the distribution to be normal, \ufb01nd
i. how many students score between 12 and 15
ii. how many score above 18
1 of 2