(b) A.D.C. two wire distributors are fed atF1 andF2 at 220 V and 225 V respec- tively. The total length of the distributor is 250 m. The loads tapped o\ufb00 from fed endF1 are
The resistance per km of one conductor is 0.3 \u2126. Determine the current in various sections of the distributor and the voltage at the point of minimum potential.
(b) A single-phase distributor has loop resistance of 0.3 \u2126 and a reactance of 0.4\u2126. The far end of the distributor has a load current of 100A and a power factor 0.8 lagging at 220 V. The midpoint Q of the distributor has a load current of 50 A at power factor 0.9 lagging with reference to voltage Q. Determine the sending end voltage and power factor.
(b) A single-phase motor connected to a 240 V, 50 Hz supply takes 20 A at a p.f. of 0.75 lag. A capacitor is shunted across the motor terminals to improve the p.f. to 0.9 lag, determine the capacitance of the capacitor to be used. [8+8]
8. (a) What are the special features of two plant tari\ufb00? For which category of consumers is it used? Discuss the importance of encouraging customers to use electricity during o\ufb00-peak hours.
(b) The energy cost of a 100MW steam station working at 40% load factor comes out to be 12 paise / KWh of energy generated what will be the cost of energy generated if the load factor is improved to 60%? The fuel cost of the power station due to increased generation increase the annual generation cost by 5%.
(b) A DC 2 wire distributor 600m long is fed at both ends Aand B at 220V shown in \ufb01gure 3b. The load consists of 50A at 100m from A, 75A at 150m from A and a uniform loading of 0.5A per meter for the last 400m. The resistance of each conductor is 0.05\u2126/Km. Determine the location and magnitude of minimum voltage.
(b) A 2-wire feeder ABC has a load of 120A at C and 60A at B both at p.f. 0.8 lagging. The impedance AB is (0.04 + j0.08)\u2126 and that of BC is (0.08 + j0.012)\u2126. If the voltage at the far end C is to be maintain at 400V, determine the voltage.
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