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r05220203-power-systems-i

r05220203-power-systems-i

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Published by: SRINIVASA RAO GANTA on Sep 18, 2008
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Code No: R05220203
Set No. 1
II B.Tech Supplimentary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2008
POWER SYSTEMS-I
(Electrical & Electronic Engineering)
Time: 3 hours
Max Marks: 80
Answer any FIVE Questions
All Questions carry equal marks
\u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6
1. (a) What are the methods for arresting ash from \ufb02ue gasses? Explain any one
method in detail.
(b) Discuss the natural and forced draughts and list out the di\ufb00erence between
them.
[8+8]
2. (a) Discuss various factors associated with rapid growth of nuclear power industry.
(b) Explain clearly the various processes that can take place, when a neutron
collides with a heavy atom.
[8+8]
3. (a) Draw the single line diagram of radial primary feeder and mention the factors
that in\ufb02uence the selection of primary feeder.

(b) A.D.C. two wire distributors are fed atF1 andF2 at 220 V and 225 V respec- tively. The total length of the distributor is 250 m. The loads tapped o\ufb00 from fed endF1 are

Load in ampere:
20 40 25 35
Distanceinmetre: 50 75 100 200

The resistance per km of one conductor is 0.3 \u2126. Determine the current in various sections of the distributor and the voltage at the point of minimum potential.

[8+8]
4. (a) Contrast between AC and DC distributions.

(b) A single-phase distributor has loop resistance of 0.3 \u2126 and a reactance of 0.4\u2126. The far end of the distributor has a load current of 100A and a power factor 0.8 lagging at 220 V. The midpoint Q of the distributor has a load current of 50 A at power factor 0.9 lagging with reference to voltage Q. Determine the sending end voltage and power factor.

[6+10]
5. (a) Explain the classi\ufb01cation of substations according to design.
(b) What are the advantages and disadvantages of outdoor substation as compared
to indoor substation?
[8+8]
6. (a) Explain the disadvantages of low power factor.

(b) A single-phase motor connected to a 240 V, 50 Hz supply takes 20 A at a p.f. of 0.75 lag. A capacitor is shunted across the motor terminals to improve the p.f. to 0.9 lag, determine the capacitance of the capacitor to be used. [8+8]

7. (a) De\ufb01ne the load factor? What is it importance?
1 of 2
Code No: R05220203
Set No. 1
(b) Acentral station supplied energy to two substations Aand B, four feeders take
o\ufb00 from each of the sub-stations the maximum demand are as given below
Central station
: 10MW
Feeders on substation A : 1.5, 2, 5, 3 MW
Substation A
: 6 MW
Feeders on substation B : 2, 4, 5, 1 MW
Substation B
: 8 MW
Calculate the diversity factors between
i. substations
ii. feeders on substation A and
iii. Feeders on substation B.
[10+6]

8. (a) What are the special features of two plant tari\ufb00? For which category of consumers is it used? Discuss the importance of encouraging customers to use electricity during o\ufb00-peak hours.

(b) The energy cost of a 100MW steam station working at 40% load factor comes out to be 12 paise / KWh of energy generated what will be the cost of energy generated if the load factor is improved to 60%? The fuel cost of the power station due to increased generation increase the annual generation cost by 5%.

[8+8]
\u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6
2 of 2
Code No: R05220203
Set No. 2
II B.Tech Supplimentary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2008
POWER SYSTEMS-I
(Electrical & Electronic Engineering)
Time: 3 hours
Max Marks: 80
Answer any FIVE Questions
All Questions carry equal marks
\u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6
1. (a) What are the types of chimneys and discuss each type in thermal plants.
(b) Explain the super heats.
[8+8]
2. (a) Describe the boiling water reactor.
(b) What are the factors to be considered for selecting the location of site for
nuclear power plant?
[10+6]
3. (a) Explain di\ufb00erent types of distribution systems with the help of neat sketches.

(b) A DC 2 wire distributor 600m long is fed at both ends Aand B at 220V shown in \ufb01gure 3b. The load consists of 50A at 100m from A, 75A at 150m from A and a uniform loading of 0.5A per meter for the last 400m. The resistance of each conductor is 0.05\u2126/Km. Determine the location and magnitude of minimum voltage.

[8+8]
Figure 3b
4. (a) Describe brie\ufb02y how will you solve AC distribution problems.

(b) A 2-wire feeder ABC has a load of 120A at C and 60A at B both at p.f. 0.8 lagging. The impedance AB is (0.04 + j0.08)\u2126 and that of BC is (0.08 + j0.012)\u2126. If the voltage at the far end C is to be maintain at 400V, determine the voltage.

i. at A and
ii. at B.
[6+10]
5. Explain the following with circuit diagrams.
(a) Single bus bar arrangement with sectionalization
(b) Main and transformer bus bar arrangements.
[8+8]
6. (a) What do you understand by power factor? Explain the necessity of improving
power factor.
1 of 2

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