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09/28/2013

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SOCSTUD Session 2: Age Of Colonization
1Mother Countries:
[ Southeast Asia ]
´
 
Diverse cultures
´
 
2 parts: mainland (Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam, and Malaysia)Islands: Indonesia, Singapore, Brunei and the PhilippinesStrategic importance: trade routes for seaborne tradeImportant product: Spices
[ Before the Europeans ]
´
 
People have their own cultures- Bang Chiang, Thailand- even before Indians and Chinese
´
 
Isolated ethnic groups
´
 
Societies are based on the nuclear families
´
 
W
omen have equality- Matrilineal decent
[ Effect of India ]
´
 
India influenced this area through trade- religion, trade, writing, law, government, art,architecture, and farming
´
 
Brought about by Indian Merchants and Hindu priest then Buddhist monks
´
 
Traders began to settle and live in SEA- began to have power
´
 
Took Islam to SEA
 
SOCSTUD Session 2: Age Of Colonization
2
[ Southeast Asian Kingdom ]
´
 
K
ingdom of Pagan- Myanmar by
K
ing Anawrata-
 
Buddhist Center-
 
Fell after his death
´
 
K
hmer
K
ingdom- Cambodia, Thailand, and Malaysia-
 
Adopted Indian writing, mathematics, architecture and art plus Hinduism
´
 
Angkor
W
at- Suryavarman II-
 
Most prized piece of achitecture
´
 
Srivijaya- Indonesia-
 
Controlled Malacca-
 
Hinduism and Buddhism but later Islam which helped them in trading
´
 
Annam- Vietnam-
 
Fertile rice fields,
W
omen had power-
 
Confusian and Chinese Ideals-
 
Trung sisters-
 
Despite the Chinese influences, the Vietnamese still retained their separate identity.-
 
Trung Trac and Trung Nhi, two noble sisters, led an uprising that drove off Chinese occupiersfrom the land. They tried to restore simpler form of government based on ancientVietnamese traditions. They are remembered as great martyrs and heroes.-
 
The tang dynasty collapsed and so Vietnam was able to break free China.-
 
Vietnam turned back repeated Chinese efforts to conquer their land but remained atributary state of China.
[ Then The Europeans Came ]
´
 
Afonso de Albuquerque (Portuguese) landed in Malacca- the first European foothold in Asia
´
 
Built a trading Empire- for most of the 1500s- they controlled the spice trade  trading outpost
´
 
They do not have strength and resources to conquer lands- they have stronger enemies
´
 
R
esentment for they dont have religious tolerance
[ Dutch challenged the Portuguese ]
´
 
Netherlands- center of handicrafts and Trade
´
 
1599- Dutch fleet returned to Amsterdam
´
 
They used their sea power to set up colonies like in Cape Town South Africa
´
 
1602- Dutch East India Company- helped capture Malacca from the Portuguese
´
 
R
ise to power by England and France resulted in its decline
 
SOCSTUD Session 2: Age Of Colonization
3
[ Mughal Empire ]
´
 
1526- Babur established the empire
´
 
European became interested in India
´
 
Produced spices, known for textile manufacturing and handicrafts
´
 
European took interest because it was rich and powerful- they built trading forts in the empire
[ The Mughal Decline ]
´
 
Akbarss successors ended the religious toleration resulting to a civil war
´
 
W
ar drained the empires resources
´
 
Peasant rebellion and corruption
´
 
British and French took advantage of this civil war
[ Brits versus the French in India ]
´
 
Played off the rival princes of India
´
 
Made alliances with local rulers
´
 
Organized sepoys
´
 
Mid 1700s- seven years war erupted between the 2 countries- fighting spread across theirterritories in Asia and Americas
´
 
R
obert Clive- used an army of English and sepoys to drive away the French
[ Europeans and the Chinese ]
´
 
1590- Chinese are cleverly making devices out of gold, silver and other metals
´
 
Are the Chinese are Sinocentric
´
 
Chinese call their kingdom, Chung kuo meaning middle kingdom
´
 
Ming dynasty- there is no country on this or other sides of the seas which do not submit to us

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