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r05321002-principles-of-communication-

r05321002-principles-of-communication-

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Code No: R05321002
Set No. 1
III B.Tech Supplimentary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2008

PRINCIPLES OF COMMUNICATION
( Common to Electronics & Instrumentation Engineering and
Instrumentation & Control Engineering)

Time: 3 hours
Max Marks: 80
Answer any FIVE Questions
All Questions carry equal marks
\u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6
1. (a) What are the types of communications? Explain.
(b) De\ufb01ne noise. Where is it most likely to a\ufb00ect the signal?
[8+8]

2. The rms voltage of a carrier wave is 5 volts before modulation and 5.9 volts after modulation. What is the percentage of modulation? Calculate the modulated power if the unmodulated power is 2kw.

[16]
3. Derive the spectrum of narrowband angle modulation(NBFM).
[16]
4. Explain the cross-talk in PAM due to the HF and LF limitations of the channel.
Which one of two a\ufb00ects more than one channel and why?
[16]
5. With reference to PCM system explain the following:

(a) Sampling
(b) Companding
(c) Mid-riser quantizer

(d) Mid-Tread quantizer.
[16]
6. (a) Di\ufb00erentiate BPSK & QPSK
(b) De\ufb01ne
i. Baud Rate
ii. Matched Filter
iii. Band width e\ufb03ciency.
iv. SNR.
[8+8]
7. (a) Show that, using sampling, that the total information in binary units that can
be transmitted in a communication channel in time T is given by WTlog2
\ue001
1 +PS
PN
\ue002
Where W is the channel bandwidthPS is the signal power andPN is the noise
power in the channel.

(b) What conditions have to be satis\ufb01ed by K and the code length for the coding e\ufb03ciency to be 100 percent, if a discrete memoryless source whose alphabet consists of K equiprobable symbols?

[8+8]
1 of 2
Code No: R05321002
Set No. 1
8. (a) Construct the standard array for a (6, 3) linear block code whose generator
matrix is given below.G =
\ue000
\ue000
\ue000
\ue000
\ue000
\ue000

1 0 0 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 1 1 0 1

\ue000
\ue000
\ue000
\ue000
\ue000
\ue000
(b) Write the advantages of table lookup decoding scheme in linear block codes.
[10+6]
\u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6
2 of 2
Code No: R05321002
Set No. 2
III B.Tech Supplimentary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2008

PRINCIPLES OF COMMUNICATION
( Common to Electronics & Instrumentation Engineering and
Instrumentation & Control Engineering)

Time: 3 hours
Max Marks: 80
Answer any FIVE Questions
All Questions carry equal marks
\u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6

1. Ignoring the constant relative amplitude component, plot and add the appropri- ate sine waves graphically, in each case using the \ufb01rst four components, so as to synthesize

(a) a square wave
(b) a sawtooth wave.
[8+8]
2. Explain the detection of SSB-SC signals and explain the e\ufb00ect of phase and fre-
quency error.
[16]
3. Show that a low pass \ufb01lter can be used as a discriminator.
[16]
4. Draw and explain the PWM modulator.
[16]
5. With reference to PCM system explain the following:

(a) Sampling
(b) Companding
(c) Mid-riser quantizer

(d) Mid-Tread quantizer.
[16]
6. (a) Draw the modulation waveforms for transmitting binary information over
bandpass channels, for the following modulation schemes.
ASK
FSK
PSK and
Baseband pulse shaping followed by DSB modulation.
(b) What are the advantages and disadvantages of digital modulation schemes
over analog modulation methods?
[8+8]

7. (a) Consider a telegraph source having two symbols, dot and dash. The dot du- ration is 0.2s. The dash duration is 3 times the dot duration. The probability of the dot\u2019s occurring is twice that of the dash, and the time between symbols is 0.2s. Calculate the information rate of the telegraph source.

(b) A system has band width of 4Khz and SNR of 28 db at the input of the
receiver. Calculate
i. It\u2019s information carrying capacity
1 of 2

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