4. Five kg mol of an ideal gas (Cp = 7 kcal/kg mol K) initially at 300 K and 2 atm is isothermally compressed to 15 atm and is then heated at constant pressure. The volume of the gas after heating is the same as its volume before compression. Find:
(a) The net work done in the overall process
(b) The heat transferred during compression
(c) The change in internal energy in the overall process
through a pipe line of 20 cm O.D. The natural gas has the following composition:
Methane : 85% by volume
Ethane : 5% by volume
Nitrogen: 10% by volume
(b) A system absorbs 100 kJ energy from a body at 5000C and does 50 kJ work. If it is required to restore the system to its original state, is it possible to do so by an adiabatic process?
8. If the thermal e\ufb03ciency of a reversible power cycle operating between two reservoirs is denoted by\u03b7max, develop an expression in terms of\u03b7max for the coe\ufb03cient of performance of a reversible refrigeration cycle operating between the same two reservoirs.
(b) An ideal gas is one for which PV/T is a constant, regardless of the changes it undergoes. Such a gas has a volume of 0.02271m3/mol at 00C and 1 bar. In the following problem, air may be considered an ideal gas with the constant heat capacitiesCv = (5/2) R andCp = (7/2) R where R = 8.314 J/mol K. The initial conditions of the air are 1 bar and 250C. It is compressed to 5 bar and 250C by the following mechanically reversible process:
6. (a) An inventor claims to have developed an engine that takes in 25,000(J)/(s) at a temperature of rejects 12,000 (J)/(s) at a temperature of 200(K), and delivers 15(kW) of mechanical power. Would you advice investing money to put this engine on the market?
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