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rr220802-chemical-engineering-thermodynamics-i

rr220802-chemical-engineering-thermodynamics-i

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Published by: SRINIVASA RAO GANTA on Sep 18, 2008
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Code No: RR220802
Set No. 1
II B.Tech Supplimentary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2008
CHEMICAL ENGINEERING THERMODYNAMICS-I
(Chemical Engineering)
Time: 3 hours
Max Marks: 80
Answer any FIVE Questions
All Questions carry equal marks
\u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6
1. (a) De\ufb01ne and explain the terms temperature. Further, compare the various tem-
perature scales.
(b) De\ufb01ne work and heat in thermodynamic sense and bring out the comparison
between them.
[8+8]
2. (a) State the relationship between absolute, guage, atmosphere and vaccum pres-
sures.
(b) What is work? Show that work in changing volume of a PVT system
v2
\ue000
v1
pdv
(c) Is work path function (or) point function? Justify your answer
[6+6+4]
3. What are the various conditions that exit in steady \ufb02ow process? And explain the
various forms of energies that are associated with \ufb02ow process
[16]

4. Five kg mol of an ideal gas (Cp = 7 kcal/kg mol K) initially at 300 K and 2 atm is isothermally compressed to 15 atm and is then heated at constant pressure. The volume of the gas after heating is the same as its volume before compression. Find:

(a) The net work done in the overall process
(b) The heat transferred during compression
(c) The change in internal energy in the overall process

[6+6+4]
5. A pumping station transports 5000 kg/hr of natural gas at 500kg/cm2 and 200C

through a pipe line of 20 cm O.D. The natural gas has the following composition:
Methane : 85% by volume
Ethane : 5% by volume
Nitrogen: 10% by volume

What is the velocity of the natural gas?
Data:
Methane
Ethane
N2
Tcin K
191
306
126
Pcin atm
45.8
48.2
33.5
[16]
6. (a) Discuss the various ways to improve e\ufb03ciency of a heat engine.
1 of 2
Code No: RR220802
Set No. 1

(b) A system absorbs 100 kJ energy from a body at 5000C and does 50 kJ work. If it is required to restore the system to its original state, is it possible to do so by an adiabatic process?

[8+8]
7. Show Carnot refrigeration cycle on T-S diagram and show athat it is most e\ufb03cient.
[16]

8. If the thermal e\ufb03ciency of a reversible power cycle operating between two reservoirs is denoted by\u03b7max, develop an expression in terms of\u03b7max for the coe\ufb03cient of performance of a reversible refrigeration cycle operating between the same two reservoirs.

[16]
\u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6
2 of 2
Code No: RR220802
Set No. 2
II B.Tech Supplimentary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2008
CHEMICAL ENGINEERING THERMODYNAMICS-I
(Chemical Engineering)
Time: 3 hours
Max Marks: 80
Answer any FIVE Questions
All Questions carry equal marks
\u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6
1. (a) De\ufb01ne and explain the terms temperature. Further, compare the various tem-
perature scales.
(b) De\ufb01ne work and heat in thermodynamic sense and bring out the comparison
between them.
[8+8]
2. Prove that the work interaction in a steady \ufb02ow process is given by\u2212
\ue000
P dv. State
clearly the assumptions, if any.
[16]
3. Explain the application of steady \ufb02ow energy equation to a nozzle and a boiler.
[16]
4. (a) De\ufb01ne heat capacity at constant volume and at constant pressure.

(b) An ideal gas is one for which PV/T is a constant, regardless of the changes it undergoes. Such a gas has a volume of 0.02271m3/mol at 00C and 1 bar. In the following problem, air may be considered an ideal gas with the constant heat capacitiesCv = (5/2) R andCp = (7/2) R where R = 8.314 J/mol K. The initial conditions of the air are 1 bar and 250C. It is compressed to 5 bar and 250C by the following mechanically reversible process:

Cooling at constant pressure followed by heating at constant volume.
Calculate the heat and work requirements and \u2206U and \u2206H of the air for this
path
[6+10]
5. De\ufb01ne the following:
(a) State

(b) Process
(c) Property
(d) Cycle

[4x4]

6. (a) An inventor claims to have developed an engine that takes in 25,000(J)/(s) at a temperature of rejects 12,000 (J)/(s) at a temperature of 200(K), and delivers 15(kW) of mechanical power. Would you advice investing money to put this engine on the market?

(b) State the carnot theorems.
(c) Write shortnotes on heat engine.
[7+5+4]
1 of 2

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