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rr222102-engineering-thermodynamics

rr222102-engineering-thermodynamics

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Published by: SRINIVASA RAO GANTA on Sep 18, 2008
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Code No: RR222102
Set No. 1
II B.Tech Supplimentary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2008ENGINEERING THERMODYNAMICS(Aeronautical Engineering)Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80Answer any FIVE QuestionsAll Questions carry equal marks
⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆
1. (a) Explain the terms state, path, process and cyclic process.(b) Discuss the macroscopic and microscopic point of view of thermodynamics.[8+8]2. (a) Show that the internal energy is a property of the system.(b) Air at a pressure of 50 bar and a volume of 0
.
2
m
3
is expanded at constantpressure until the volume is doubled. It is then expanded according to
P
1
.
3
= constant until the volume is 0
.
8
m
3
. Calculate the work done in each process.[6+10]3. Air is compressed from a pressure of 1 bar and a temperature of 21
0
C to a pressureof 2 bar and temperature of 38
0
C. For this process determine(a) determine change in entropy(b) determine whether heat is added or removed or is it zero(c) Also calculate the final temperature if the process were isentropic(d) Sketch process for part (c) on a T-s plane [16]4. (a) Using Maxwell’s relations deduce the two Tds equations.(b) Derive the equation(
∂V/∂T 
)
s
(
∂V/∂T 
)
 p
=1
γ 
1[8+8]5. (a) What do you mean by a perfect gas? Give the equation of state of perfect gas.(b) Enunciate the Boyle’s law and Charle’s law and deduce the equation of aperfect gases. [6+10]6. (a) A gas mixture consists of 0.5 Kg of carbon monoxide,1kg of carbon dioxideand 1.5 Kg of nitrogen .Determinei. Mass fraction of each componentii. Mole fraction of each componentiii. Average molar mass of the mixture andiv. Gas constant of the mixture.1 of 2
 
Code No: RR222102
Set No. 1
(b) State Daltons law of additive pressure and Amagats law of additive volumes.[10+6]7. An air standard duel cycle has a compression ratio of 16, and compression beginsat 1 bar, 50
0
C. The maximum pressure is 70 bar. The heat transferred to air atconstant pressure is equal to that at constant volume. Estimate(a) The pressure and temperature at the cardinal points of the cycle.(b) The cycle efficiency and(c) The mean effective pressure of the cycle. Take
v
= 0.718KJ/KgK and
 p
=1.005 KJ/KgK. [16]8. (a) Explain the important components of a simple vapour compression refrigera-tion system. Also discuss the functions of each component.(b) Discuss the effect of sub cooling on c.o.p. of the vapour compression refriger-ation cycle. Would you derive large sub cooling and why? [8+8]
⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆
2 of 2
 
Code No: RR222102
Set No. 2
II B.Tech Supplimentary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2008ENGINEERING THERMODYNAMICS(Aeronautical Engineering)Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80Answer any FIVE QuestionsAll Questions carry equal marks
⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆
1. (a) Explain the concept of continuum and under what circumstances it is invalid.(b) Differentiate between Homogeneous and Heterogeneous systems.(c) What is thermodynamic equilibrium? Explain the significance of it in quasi-static process? [6+4+6]2. Write down SFEE and assumptions you make for the following cases.(a) Boiler(b) Compressor(c) Nozzle(d) Turbine. [4x4=16]3. (a) What is thermodynamic temperature scale? Also explain how constant volumegas thermometer could be used to measure absolute temperature(b) An insulated tank contains 0.60 kg of air initially at 200 kPa, 20
0
C. An impellerinside the tank is turned by an external motor until the pressure is 230 kPa.Ambient conditions are 95 kPa, 20
0
C. Assuming
v
= 0.719 kJ/kg.K for air,determine the irreversibility of the process. [8+8]4. (a) Using Maxwell’s relations deduce the two Tds equations.(b) Derive the equation(
∂V/∂T 
)
s
(
∂V/∂T 
)
 p
=1
γ 
1[8+8]5. (a) Derive expression for change of internal energy and enthalpy during a processwith variable specific heat.(b) An Otto cycle engine with a compression ratio of 10 uses a petroleum fuel of Calorific value 48000KJ/Kg. The air fuel ratio is 15:1. The temperature andpressure of the charge at the end of suction are 57
0
C and 1 bar respectively.Determine the maximum pressure in the cycle with the mean index of com-pression is expressed as :
v
= 0.7117 + 2.1x10
4
KJ/Kg K, where T is the mean temperature. If thevalue of cv remains constant at 0.7117kJ/Kg K, and also compression indexis unaltered, how will the maximum pressure be affected? [8+8]1 of 2

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