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Paleolithic nutrition is based on the premise thatmodern humansare geneticallyadaptedto the diet of their Paleolithic ancestors and that humangenetics
have scarcely changed since the dawn of agriculture, and therefore that anideal dietfor human health and well-being is one that resembles this ancestral diet.
Proponents of this diet argue that modern humanpopulations subsisting ontraditional dietsallegedly similar to those of Paleolithichunter-gatherersare
largely free ofdiseases of affluence,
and that two small prospective studies of the Paleolithic diet inhumans have shown some positive health outcomes.
Supporters point to several potentiallytherapeuticnutritional characteristics of allegedly preagricultural diets.
This dietary approach is a controversial topic amongstnutritionists
and anarticle on theNational Health Service of EnglandChoices website suggests that it may be afad diet.
Critics have argued that if hunter gatherer societies failed to suffer from "diseases of civilization", this wasdue to a lack of calories in their diet, or a variety of other factors, rather than because of some special dietcomposition.
Some researchers have taken issue with the accuracy of the diet's underlying evolutionarylogic,
and have disputed certain dietary recommendations and restrictions on the grounds thatthey provide no health benefits or pose health risks
and are not likely to accurately reflect the featuresof ancient Paleolithic diets.
A 2011 survey of experts byUS News & World Reportranked the Paleodiet the worst of the 20 diets evaluated, remarking that there was little evidence supporting the diet'seffectiveness. However, this was specifically a modernized offshoot to the paleo diet in which very low-carbis emphasized, this diet specifically containing only 23% carbohydrates.
This is contrary to the diets theothergreat apesfavour which generally eat some 70-90% plant food.
A generalized paleo diet was nota part of this study. Indeed, in one expert's words: "A true Paleo diet might be a great option: very lean,pure meats, lots of wild plants. The modern approximations … are far from it."
1 History2 Practices3 Rationale and evolutionary assumptions3.1 Opposing views3.1.1 Plant to animal ratiospa oItalianoMagyarPortuguêsSimple EnglishSvenska