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Wiki Paleolithic Diet

Wiki Paleolithic Diet

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Published by: shipka45 on Jul 25, 2011
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Paleolithic diet
Paleolithic-style dish: Seafood stew
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
This article is about a modern nutritional approach. F or information on the dietary practices of Paleolithic humans, seePaleolithic#Diet and nutrition.
The moderndietary regimenknown as the
Paleolithic diet
(abbreviated
paleo diet
or
paleodiet
), also popularly referred to as the
caveman diet
,
Stone Age diet
and
hunter-gatherer diet
, is anutritionalplan based on thepresumed ancient diet of wild plants and animalsthat various human species habitually consumedduring thePaleolithicera—a period of about2.5 million years duration that ended around10,000 years ago with the development ofagriculture. In common usage, such terms as the"Paleolithic diet" also refer to the actual ancestralhuman diet.
[1][2]
Centered on commonly availablemodern foods, the "contemporary" Paleolithic dietconsists mainly of grass-fed pasture raised meats, fish, vegetables, fruit, roots, and nuts, and excludesgrains, legumes, dairyproducts, salt, refined sugar, andprocessed oils.
[1][3][4]
[5][6]
this nutritional concept hasbeen promoted and adapted by a number of authors and researchers in several books and academicReadView source View history
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ArticleDiscussionSearch
MainpageContentsFeatured contentCurrent eventsRandom articleDonate to WikipediaInteractionHelpAbout WikipediaCommunity portalRecent changesContact WikipediaToolboxPrint/exportLanguagesCatalàČeskyDeutsch
 
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 journals.
[7]
 Acommon theme inevolutionary medicine,
 Paleolithic nutrition is based on the premise thatmodern humansare geneticallyadaptedto the diet of their Paleolithic ancestors and that humangenetics have scarcely changed since the dawn of agriculture, and therefore that anideal dietfor human health and well-being is one that resembles this ancestral diet.
[4][10]
Proponents of this diet argue that modern humanpopulations subsisting ontraditional dietsallegedly similar to those of Paleolithichunter-gatherersare largely free ofdiseases of affluence,
[11][12]
and that two small prospective studies of the Paleolithic diet inhumans have shown some positive health outcomes.
[13][14]
Supporters point to several potentiallytherapeuticnutritional characteristics of allegedly preagricultural diets.
[10][15]
This dietary approach is a controversial topic amongstnutritionists
[16][17]
andanthropologists,
[7][18]
and anarticle on theNational Health Service of EnglandChoices website suggests that it may be afad diet.
[19]
Critics have argued that if hunter gatherer societies failed to suffer from "diseases of civilization", this wasdue to a lack of calories in their diet, or a variety of other factors, rather than because of some special dietcomposition.
[20]
Some researchers have taken issue with the accuracy of the diet's underlying evolutionarylogic,
[20][21][22]
and have disputed certain dietary recommendations and restrictions on the grounds thatthey provide no health benefits or pose health risks
[20][21]
and are not likely to accurately reflect the featuresof ancient Paleolithic diets.
[22][23]
A 2011 survey of experts byUS News & World Reportranked the Paleodiet the worst of the 20 diets evaluated, remarking that there was little evidence supporting the diet'seffectiveness. However, this was specifically a modernized offshoot to the paleo diet in which very low-carbis emphasized, this diet specifically containing only 23% carbohydrates.
[24]
This is contrary to the diets theothergreat apesfavour which generally eat some 70-90% plant food.
[25][26]
A generalized paleo diet was nota part of this study. Indeed, in one expert's words: "A true Paleo diet might be a great option: very lean,pure meats, lots of wild plants. The modern approximations … are far from it."
[27]
Contents
 
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1 History2 Practices3 Rationale and evolutionary assumptions3.1 Opposing views3.1.1 Plant to animal ratiospa oItalianoMagyarPortuguêsSimple EnglishSvenska
 
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4 Nutritional factors and health effects4.1 Macronutrient composition4.1.1 Protein and carbohydrates4.1.2 Fatty acids4.2 Energy density4.3 Micronutrient density4.4 Fiber content and glycemic load4.5 Sodium-potassium ratio4.6 Calcium and acid-base balance4.7 Bioactive substances and antinutrients5 Research5.1 Archeological record5.2 Observational studies5.3 Intervention studies6 Sustainability7 See also8 References
History
GastroenterologistWalter L. Voegtlin was one of the first to suggest that following a diet similar to that ofthe Paleolithic era would improve a person's health.
[6]
In 1975, he published a book
[5]
in which he arguedthat humans are carnivorous animals and that the ancestral Paleolithic diet was that of a carnivore—chieflyfats and protein, with only small amounts of carbohydrates.
[28][29]
His dietary prescriptions were based onhis own medical treatments of various digestive problems, namelycolitis,Crohn's disease,irritable bowel syndromeandindigestion.
[5][30]
In 1985, S. Boyd Eaton andMelvin Konner, both ofEmory University, published a key paper on Paleolithic nutrition in the
New England Journal of Medicine
,
[31]
which caused the concept to gain mainstream medicalattention.
[32]
Three years later, S. Boyd Eaton,Marjorie Shostakand Melvin Konner published a book about

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