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07a12301-process-engineering-principles

07a12301-process-engineering-principles

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Published by: SRINIVASA RAO GANTA on Sep 18, 2008
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Code No: 07A12301
Set No. 1
I B.Tech Supplimentary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2008
PROCESS ENGINEERING PRINCIPLES
(Bio-Technology)
Time: 3 hours
Max Marks: 80
Answer any FIVE Questions
All Questions carry equal marks
\u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6
1. Write short notes on:
(a) Speci\ufb01c cake resistance
(b) Equivalent cake thickness
(c) Filter aid
(d) Factors that e\ufb00ect the \ufb01ltration rate.
[4+4+4+4]

2. (a) Find the molecular formula of butyric acid containing 54.5% carbon, 36.4% oxygen and 9.1% hydrogen, if the density of its vapour relative to hydrogen is 44.

(b) Find the molecular formula of substance containing 93.75% C and 6.25 % H2
if the density of the substance relative to air is 4.41.
[8+8]
3. Brie\ufb02y explain the following \ufb02uid properties

(a) Surface tension
(b) Capillary rise
(c) Speci\ufb01c weight
(d) Compressibility
(e) Bulk modulus.

[16]
4. (a) If the velocity distribution of a \ufb02uid over a plate is given by u=(3/4)y-y2 where

u is the velocity in metre per sec at a distance of y meters above the plate,
determine the shears stress at y=0.15 meters.
Take the dynamic viscosity of the \ufb02uid as 8.5\u00d710\u22125 kg-sec/m.

(b) Classify the types of \ufb02uid.
[8+8]
5. (a) Derive Hagen-Poiseuille equation. Explain the signi\ufb01cance of the equation.
(b) Derive relations for Reynolds number and friction factor.
[10+6]
6. (a) Derive Erguns equation for determining the pressure drop through a packed
bed and brie\ufb02y discuss the application.
(b) Draw the drag curves for regular and irregular solid and discuss.
[8+8]
7. (a) With neat diagrams enumerate two types of manometers and mention their
applications.
1 of 2
Code No: 07A12301
Set No. 1
(b) Explain with neat sketch gate valve and globe valve.
[8+8]
8. (a) Draw the characteristic curves for a centrifugal pump.
(b) What is a positive displacement pump? Describe the working of any one type
with neat sketch.
[8+8]
\u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6
2 of 2
Code No: 07A12301
Set No. 2
I B.Tech Supplimentary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2008
PROCESS ENGINEERING PRINCIPLES
(Bio-Technology)
Time: 3 hours
Max Marks: 80
Answer any FIVE Questions
All Questions carry equal marks
\u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6
1. What are the various unit operations that are involved in downstream processing?
Explain each one of them.
[16]
2. A solution contains 40% by weight of ethyl alcohol and 60% by weight of water at
300C and 1 atm. Its speci\ufb01c gravity is 0.938. Calculate the following:

(a) The mole fraction
(b) The normality of the solution
(c) The molarity of the solution and
(d) The molality of the solution.

[5+5+6]
3. De\ufb01ne hydrostatic equilibrium. Express mathematically the condition of hydrosta-
tic equilibrium.
[16]
4. (a) If the velocity distribution of a \ufb02uid over a plate is given by u=(3/4)y-y2 where

u is the velocity in metre per sec at a distance of y meters above the plate,
determine the shears stress at y=0.15 meters.
Take the dynamic viscosity of the \ufb02uid as 8.5\u00d710\u22125 kg-sec/m.

(b) Classify the types of \ufb02uid.
[8+8]
5. Write brie\ufb02y on the following :

(a) Friction factor chart
(b) Velocity distribution in laminar \ufb02ow
(c) Velocity distribution in turbulent \ufb02ow
(d) Indicate the di\ufb00erence between skin friction and form friction.

[4+4+4+4]

6. (a) A mixture of vapors pass through a packed bed of glass spheres having density 2.4 g/cc each of diameter 0.5 cm. The pressure drop due to the \ufb02ow is 405 kgf/m2. The height of packed bed is 1.85 m. The density and viscosity of the vapor mixture are 3.8\u00d710\u22123 g/cc and 0.015 cP respectively.

Data:

Cross sectional area of the packed column tube = 0.09 m2
Bed porosity = 0.4
Find the mass \ufb02ow rate of the vapor mixture. Is the bed \ufb02uidized?

(b) Explain the use of friction factor.
[8+8]
1 of 2

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