Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Standard view
Full view
of .
0 of .
Results for:
P. 1
07a12301-process-engineering-principles

# 07a12301-process-engineering-principles

Ratings: (0)|Views: 456|Likes:

### Availability:

See more
See less

05/09/2014

pdf

text

original

Code No: 07A12301
Set No. 1
I B.Tech Supplimentary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2008
PROCESS ENGINEERING PRINCIPLES
(Bio-Technology)
Time: 3 hours
Max Marks: 80
All Questions carry equal marks
\u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6
1. Write short notes on:
(a) Speci\ufb01c cake resistance
(b) Equivalent cake thickness
(c) Filter aid
(d) Factors that e\ufb00ect the \ufb01ltration rate.
[4+4+4+4]

2. (a) Find the molecular formula of butyric acid containing 54.5% carbon, 36.4% oxygen and 9.1% hydrogen, if the density of its vapour relative to hydrogen is 44.

(b) Find the molecular formula of substance containing 93.75% C and 6.25 % H2
if the density of the substance relative to air is 4.41.
[8+8]
3. Brie\ufb02y explain the following \ufb02uid properties

(a) Surface tension
(b) Capillary rise
(c) Speci\ufb01c weight
(d) Compressibility
(e) Bulk modulus.

[16]
4. (a) If the velocity distribution of a \ufb02uid over a plate is given by u=(3/4)y-y2 where

u is the velocity in metre per sec at a distance of y meters above the plate,
determine the shears stress at y=0.15 meters.
Take the dynamic viscosity of the \ufb02uid as 8.5\u00d710\u22125 kg-sec/m.

(b) Classify the types of \ufb02uid.
[8+8]
5. (a) Derive Hagen-Poiseuille equation. Explain the signi\ufb01cance of the equation.
(b) Derive relations for Reynolds number and friction factor.
[10+6]
6. (a) Derive Erguns equation for determining the pressure drop through a packed
bed and brie\ufb02y discuss the application.
(b) Draw the drag curves for regular and irregular solid and discuss.
[8+8]
7. (a) With neat diagrams enumerate two types of manometers and mention their
applications.
1 of 2
Code No: 07A12301
Set No. 1
(b) Explain with neat sketch gate valve and globe valve.
[8+8]
8. (a) Draw the characteristic curves for a centrifugal pump.
(b) What is a positive displacement pump? Describe the working of any one type
with neat sketch.
[8+8]
\u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6
2 of 2
Code No: 07A12301
Set No. 2
I B.Tech Supplimentary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2008
PROCESS ENGINEERING PRINCIPLES
(Bio-Technology)
Time: 3 hours
Max Marks: 80
All Questions carry equal marks
\u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6
1. What are the various unit operations that are involved in downstream processing?
Explain each one of them.
[16]
2. A solution contains 40% by weight of ethyl alcohol and 60% by weight of water at
300C and 1 atm. Its speci\ufb01c gravity is 0.938. Calculate the following:

(a) The mole fraction
(b) The normality of the solution
(c) The molarity of the solution and
(d) The molality of the solution.

[5+5+6]
3. De\ufb01ne hydrostatic equilibrium. Express mathematically the condition of hydrosta-
tic equilibrium.
[16]
4. (a) If the velocity distribution of a \ufb02uid over a plate is given by u=(3/4)y-y2 where

u is the velocity in metre per sec at a distance of y meters above the plate,
determine the shears stress at y=0.15 meters.
Take the dynamic viscosity of the \ufb02uid as 8.5\u00d710\u22125 kg-sec/m.

(b) Classify the types of \ufb02uid.
[8+8]
5. Write brie\ufb02y on the following :

(a) Friction factor chart
(b) Velocity distribution in laminar \ufb02ow
(c) Velocity distribution in turbulent \ufb02ow
(d) Indicate the di\ufb00erence between skin friction and form friction.

[4+4+4+4]

6. (a) A mixture of vapors pass through a packed bed of glass spheres having density 2.4 g/cc each of diameter 0.5 cm. The pressure drop due to the \ufb02ow is 405 kgf/m2. The height of packed bed is 1.85 m. The density and viscosity of the vapor mixture are 3.8\u00d710\u22123 g/cc and 0.015 cP respectively.

Data:

Cross sectional area of the packed column tube = 0.09 m2
Bed porosity = 0.4
Find the mass \ufb02ow rate of the vapor mixture. Is the bed \ufb02uidized?

(b) Explain the use of friction factor.
[8+8]
1 of 2