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Iranian Short Range Air Defenses

Iranian Short Range Air Defenses

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Published by: berthakey8407 on Jul 25, 2011
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Iranian Military Capability 2011
3. SHORAD
Short Range Air Defense
Open Source Intelligence Project
Independent and objective analysis of current Iranian military capability using open-source non-classified information.Assessments and views expressed represent those of the authors and are not affiliated with any special interest group orpolitical agenda.Version 1.0 January 2011
 
2
About the Project
The Open Source Intelligence Project 2011 is an attempt to draw together the most salient bits of currently availableOpen Source material to piece together a broad and largely complete analysis of Iranian military capability. Open Sourcerefers to unclassified, public sources.The co-authors and reviewers come from a wide range of backgrounds, including in some cases extensive militaryintelligence experiences and/or relevant specialist knowledge. However, their primary connection is an appreciation andactive participation in the Open Source intelligence scene. All those involved have contributed on an amateur/civilianbasis. Some have requested to remain anonymous, for various reasons, which we must respect.The project was started in April 2010 and took months of writing, research, drafts and revisions to make it into the formyou are reading. We have attempted to provide a single text that will be easy to navigate and digest. However, it is thework of multiple people and this may be apparent in different writing styles and minor formatting differences. Weapologize for this, but believe it is inevitable in this type of undertaking.We hope that you find the document interesting and informative
 –
we are hopeful that there is some information andanalysis which although open source in nature, is fresh and stimulating to even a highly informed reader.
Author (This Section)
·
 
Anonymous (1)
Main Reviewer (This Section)
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Anonymous (4)
Reviewing Pool (No order)
·
 
Sean O’Connor
 ·
 
Anonymous (2)
·
 
Galan Wright
 
·
 
TLAM Strike
(Pseudonym)
 
 
3
3. SHORAD
(
Sho
rt
R
ange
A
ir
Defense
s)
3.1 Organization
All branches of Iranian land forces and air forces employ some degree of point air defenses, although units defendingstrategic targets have been substantially consolidated under a single independent command known as the Air DefenseForce, split off from the Air Force (IRIAF). This new force includes both area-defense (covered in IADS section) and pointdefenses (SHORAD) and operational control of IRIAF interceptors. For SHORAD the new force has acquired muchequipment previously employed by the IRGC and Army as well as the IRIAF. The new force was first reported inSeptember 2009 and is likely still in transition.Increasing separation of air force and ground-based air defenses is a sign that Iran places little faith in the IRIAF aircraftinventory to m
eet air threats, echoing Iraq’s similar move in 1990s.
 The Air Defense Force has adopted new camouflage schemes which are characterized by their inclusion of blue. In manycases blue spray paint has been added to previous camouflage schemes on equipment. Although in some circumstancesblue can be camouflage, it seems likely that the adoption of this scheme and painting of inherited equipment has moreto do with branding and esprit de corps.
Blue camouflage applied to Rapier SAM system. Source Military.ir 
Limited organic point air defense (SHORAD) for ground forces remains within the relevant branch although the IRGC stillhas SA-15, SA-6, HQ-2 (all dealt with in IADS section) and various AAA including Oerlikon 35mm and Zu-23.

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