All branches of Iranian land forces and air forces employ some degree of point air defenses, although units defendingstrategic targets have been substantially consolidated under a single independent command known as the Air DefenseForce, split off from the Air Force (IRIAF). This new force includes both area-defense (covered in IADS section) and pointdefenses (SHORAD) and operational control of IRIAF interceptors. For SHORAD the new force has acquired muchequipment previously employed by the IRGC and Army as well as the IRIAF. The new force was first reported inSeptember 2009 and is likely still in transition.Increasing separation of air force and ground-based air defenses is a sign that Iran places little faith in the IRIAF aircraftinventory to m
eet air threats, echoing Iraq’s similar move in 1990s.
The Air Defense Force has adopted new camouflage schemes which are characterized by their inclusion of blue. In manycases blue spray paint has been added to previous camouflage schemes on equipment. Although in some circumstancesblue can be camouflage, it seems likely that the adoption of this scheme and painting of inherited equipment has moreto do with branding and esprit de corps.
Blue camouflage applied to Rapier SAM system. Source Military.ir
Limited organic point air defense (SHORAD) for ground forces remains within the relevant branch although the IRGC stillhas SA-15, SA-6, HQ-2 (all dealt with in IADS section) and various AAA including Oerlikon 35mm and Zu-23.