Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword
Like this
29Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Lesson 8 Summary Writing

Lesson 8 Summary Writing

Ratings:

5.0

(3)
|Views: 3,454|Likes:
Published by Guttyon

More info:

Published by: Guttyon on Sep 18, 2008
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

05/20/2013

pdf

text

original

 
 
1
LESSON 8 SUMMARY WRITING
A
summary
is a shortened rewording of a longer passage.This skill includes the ability to follow main arguments, select relevant materials, evaluatebias, identify assumptions. Being able to do this depends on the recognition of language cues.The writing of a summary must presuppose a specific purpose, which in turn demands aspecific register of language.
SUMMARY WRITING
The main aim of any summary is to provide a shortened or condensed form of an originalpassage or piece of information. This should be clear and concise. The form of the summarydepends on its PURPOSE, which means you usually know the AUDIENCE for whom thesummary is intended.
SKILLS TESTED IN SUMMARY WRITINGReading and Comprehension Skills
-
 
understanding meaning-
 
seeing intention-
 
recognising tone-
 
distinguishing between fact and opinion-
 
seeing the essence and the illustration-
 
seeing
 
what is essential (important, and MUST be included)
 
what is irrelevant (unimportant, and MUST be excluded)
 
what is relevant but not essential (which MAY be included depending onyour word limit)
Writing Skills
The following are tested. Your ability to-
 
use the correct grammar and punctuation-
 
write fluently, not jerkily-
 
write a coherent piece of prose-
 
be logical-
 
write conciselyThis is therefore a demanding test of your linguistic abilities.
HOW TO APPROACH WRITING A SUMMARY
 
 
21. Read the passage once quickly to get a general idea.2. Read the question carefully to make sure you know what the examiner wants.3. Read the passage again carefully more than once, if necessary until you reallyunderstand it.4. Make notes of the main points, according to the instructions. You might like to find thetopic sentence in each paragraph. Your notes must have all the essential details AND all therelevant but not essential details.5. Write a rough draft.6. Count the number of words.7. Edit the summary:a) If you have too many words, reduce the number of words. Try not just to cut outwords. Rephrase your sentences to keep the ideas.b) If you have too few words, check that you have not left out important points fromthe original passage.8. When you have the right number of words, check your grammar and style.9. Write your neat version.10. Write the EXACT number of words in brackets under the summary on the right-hand side.DO NOT LIE!Here are some steps to help you practise summary writing:
1. FINDING THE MAIN IDEA
You first need a general view of what the passage is about. Start by ignoring the details. Look forthe topic sentence. Then include the main supporting ideas.
EXERCISE
Now do the same with the following paragraphs, i.e., find the topic sentence, and list the points thatare connected with it.A. This extract comes from
The Illustrated Encyclopaedia of Animal Life
, Volume 8, edited byFrederick Drimmer, M.A.
MOAS – EXTINCT BIRDS THAT WEIGHED FIVE HUNDRED POUNDS
These giant flightless birds are no longer in existence. They lived in New Zealand until the Maoris,its present Polynesian inhabitants, arrived about one thousand years ago. The Maoris exterminated
 
 
3the two or three remaining species of moas before the coming of the first Europeans. Thus thefamily Dinornithidae became extinct.The largest moas were ostrich-like in appearance, stood about nine feet tall, and weighedapproximately five hindred pounds. There were no native mammals in New Zealand apart frombats. Thus the moas had few or no enemies until man arrived. In these peaceful surroundings themoas became larger and more sluggish – hence more helpless - as time went on. Their relatives,the kiwis, survive in New Zealnad.
2. REDUNDANCY AND REPETITION
Cut out all unnecessary words and phrases. Do not say anything more than once.
EXERCISE
1. Remove all the repetition and redundancy from the following:a) Can I borrow ten cents as a loan, please?b) All right, if you’ll repay me again soon. It leaves me with only one dollar, though.c) Thus the bargain was finally completed, and the two twins went off, contented.
3. DIGRESSIONS AND CONTRASTS
Omit all material included for contrast. Leave out all digressions.
4. RECASTING SENTENCES
Wherever possible, simplify sentences, so that phrases do the work of clauses, and single wordsreplace phrases.e.g. Clause: The newspaper which is printed in London, is delivered every day.e.g. Phrase: The newspaper printed in London is delivered every day.e.g. Word: The London newspaper is delivered every day.
5. REMOVING EXAMPLES, ANALOGIES AND ILLUSTRATIONS
If you have given the main point(s) clearly, leave out all examples and illustrations of it. E.g.,Bobbie had another quality which you will hear differently described by different people. Some of them call it interfering in other people’s business - and some call it “helping lame dogs over styles”,and some call it “loving kindness”. It just means trying to help people. (
The Railway Children
byE. Nesbit)This could be shortened by leaving out the examples: Bobbie tried to help people.NOTE: If a large part of the original is an illustration, you will have to include some reference toit.

Activity (29)

You've already reviewed this. Edit your review.
1 hundred reads
1 thousand reads
Jess Yim liked this
yusuf hidayat liked this
Fatimah Ismail liked this
Katy Rayss liked this
adlinaim liked this
suhail000 liked this
Lizbet Isidore liked this
jengard liked this

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->