Draft as Submitted to the Journal of the American Water Resources Association
supply. In response, Aurora Water implemented a variety of short and long-term demandmanagement programs over the next few years. Programs included: drought restrictions(i.e., limits on outdoor water use); incentive programs; introductions of new technologies;and multiple changes in billing structures and rates, culminating in the adoption of anincreasing block rate pricing structure with individualized (household-specific) block widths (i.e., the volume of water priced at a given rate level) based on water budgetsadjusted annually in response to consumption levels, water storage conditions, andrevenue considerations. A timeline of the key management interventions—i.e., thepricing and water restrictions policies—is provided in Figure 1. Collectively, these waterdemand efforts were highly successful, reducing total annual deliveries in 2002 and 2003by 8 and 26 percent, respectively, relative to average deliveries in the 2000-2001 period(Aurora Management Plan, 2005). The vast majority of these cutbacks came from thesingle-family home sector and occurred during the summer irrigation season.
Figure 1: Timeline of Pricing and Restrictions Policies
7-1 to 9-9;Lawn watering2 days perweek, two hoursper dayHouseholds face a fixed service cost (FC) plus a uniform per unitcharge (P1); all prices are shown per thousand gallons (TH Gal)In addition to FC, households face an increasing block rate structurefor all units consumed. Block widths are standardized across allhouseholdsIn addition to FC, households face an increasing block rate structurefor all units consumed. Block widths are
to each household,based on average daily indoor consumption (ADIC) and an irrigationallowance (IA). Households receive a varying percentage of theirADIC and IA in each block depending on drought conditions.Single RateInc. Block Rate
Source: City of Aurora: Water Management Plan (2002-2004) and ratesall.txtprovided bythe City of Aurora Utilities Department.
FC = 2.69P1=1.91FC = 2.87P1=2.04
FC = 3.30P1=2.34FC = 2.87P1=2.04
5/15 to 8/31;circle/square/diamondwatering restrictions9/1 to 10/14;Outdoor wateringlimited to 3 daysper week 10/15 to 4/30; Nooutdoor watering(except trees)5-1 to 6-30;Lawn watering2 days perweek, one hourper day9-10 to 10-31;Lawn watering2 days perweek, no timelimit5-1 to 10-31; Lawnwatering 2 days perweek, no time limitTH Gal3.036.259.20$
FC = 3.79
FC =3.30FC = 3.79
TH Gal3.345.016.68$TH Gal2.044.086.12$
FC = 2.87
Inc. Block Rate basedon Water Budgets* Block widths in diagrams not to scale** Rate structure type reflects the rate structure utilized during summer months