Water 2025:Preventing Crises and Conflict in the West
Since 1866, federal water law and policy has deferred to states in theallocation and administration of water within their boundaries.This policy will be honored andenhanced by Water 2025.
Existing water supplyinfrastructure must be maintainedand modernized so that it willcontinue to provide water andpower.
Enhanced water conservation, useefficiency, and resource monitoringwill allow existing water supplies tobe used more effectively.
Collaborative approaches andmarket based transfers willminimize conflicts betweendemands for water for people, for cities, for farms, and for theenvironment.
Research to improve water treatment technology, such asdesalination, can help increasewater supplies in critical areas.
Existing water supplyinfrastructure can provide additionalbenefits for existing and emergingneeds for water by eliminatinginstitutional barriers to storage anddelivery of water to other useswhile protecting existing uses andstakeholders.
ater 2025 has two purposes. First,it provides a basis for a publicdiscussion of the realities that facethe West so that decisions can bemade at the appropriate level inadvance of water supply crises.Second, Water 2025 sets forth aframework to identify the problems,solutions, and a plan of action tofocus the conversation as theDepartment of the Interior works withstates, tribes, local government, andthe private sector to meet water supply challenges. This frameworkincludes:
to guide us as weaddress systemic water problems.
that drive water crises.
Four key tools
to help usproactively manage our scarce water.
The Six Principles
Solutions to complex water supplyissues must recognize and respectstate and federal water rights,contracts, and interstate compacts or decrees of the United StatesSupreme Court that allocate the rightto use water.2