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Propulsion and Performance

Propulsion and Performance

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Published by brendan_wheeler_1
prop and perf part of a design assignment to design a 80-120 seater feeder liner
prop and perf part of a design assignment to design a 80-120 seater feeder liner

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Published by: brendan_wheeler_1 on Jul 26, 2011
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07/26/2011

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BrendanWheeler - 07156539 Propulsion and performanceMarch 25, 2011 Group 10Page|
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Propulsion and Performance Contents
Introduction ............................................................................................................................................ 2Design Philosophy ................................................................................................................................... 2Engine investigation ................................................................................................................................ 3Engine selection ...................................................................................................................................... 5Positioning .............................................................................................................................................. 5Drag Calculation ...................................................................................................................................... 6Thrust .................................................................................................................................................... 12Take-Off ................................................................................................................................................ 14Climb ..................................................................................................................................................... 17Cruise .................................................................................................................................................... 18Descent ................................................................................................................................................. 19Landing .................................................................................................................................................. 20Range and fuel burn .............................................................................................................................. 20Future Modifications ............................................................................................................................. 22Conclusion ............................................................................................................................................. 23References ............................................................................................................................................ 24
 
BrendanWheeler - 07156539 Propulsion and performanceMarch 25, 2011 Group 10Page|
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Introduction
This report aims to simulate the process used in industry when a new aircraft if designed fromconcept to just before prototype building and testing by going through step by step, the design of ahypothetical aircraft which is to fulfil a theoretical criterion.This part of the report is focused on the design, analysis, evaluation and final selection of thepropulsive system, as well as the theoretical performance of the aircraft during take-off, climb anddecent, cruise and landing over various operational conditions.
Design Philosophy
The general design philosophy the design group decided on for this aircraft was to be as economicalin as many areas as possible. That is, financially inexpensive to purchase initially as well asinexpensive to run, maintain and operate. However, to make the aircraft economical over time, it isgenerally more expensive to purchase initially so a compromise was made in the different sectionsof the aircraft that would produce the most favourable combination of both of the financial aspects.As this aircraft is to be a regional feeder liner, it was assumed that the majority of the missions flowby this aircraft would be short range, shuttle type flights from large hub airports to smaller localFIG.1
(1)
 
BrendanWheeler - 07156539 Propulsion and performanceMarch 25, 2011 Group 10Page|
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airports. This lends itself to an aircraft around the 40 tonnes range, and as such, the group decidedon an 80-seater weight of 34 tonnes and a 120-seater target weight of 37 tonnes. This was selectedusing a graph FIG.1
(1)
which shows the trend lines of current aircraft of certain weight, passengernumber and approximate max range.
Engine investigation
Research into similar size aircraft reveals a spread of planes with engines varying betweenturboprops and high bypass turbofans. From FIG.2
(1)
, it is shown that for our desired speeds of around mach 0.7 and altitudes of approximately 7500 meters or 25000 feet that either turbopropsor turbofans could be used. These values were chosen as turboprops were already being consideredfor their lower fuel consumption which makes them cheaper to operate, and these flight parametersare better for the fuel efficiency of these engines. Also, as the journeys likely to be made by thisaircraft are going to be short, a high speed is less important than fuel efficiency.FIG.3
(1)
are graphs of fuel efficiency and fuel consumption which support the turboprop choice forthe flight parameters, however a conventional turboprop would suffer raised fuel consumption atthe higher cruising speeds so an advanced propeller will have to be used. This will increase the initialcost, however the ability to travel faster and therefore less time in the air at a much lower fuelFIG.2
(1)
 

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