BrendanWheeler - 07156539 Propulsion and performanceMarch 25, 2011 Group 10Page|
airports. This lends itself to an aircraft around the 40 tonnes range, and as such, the group decidedon an 80-seater weight of 34 tonnes and a 120-seater target weight of 37 tonnes. This was selectedusing a graph FIG.1
which shows the trend lines of current aircraft of certain weight, passengernumber and approximate max range.
Research into similar size aircraft reveals a spread of planes with engines varying betweenturboprops and high bypass turbofans. From FIG.2
, it is shown that for our desired speeds of around mach 0.7 and altitudes of approximately 7500 meters or 25000 feet that either turbopropsor turbofans could be used. These values were chosen as turboprops were already being consideredfor their lower fuel consumption which makes them cheaper to operate, and these flight parametersare better for the fuel efficiency of these engines. Also, as the journeys likely to be made by thisaircraft are going to be short, a high speed is less important than fuel efficiency.FIG.3
are graphs of fuel efficiency and fuel consumption which support the turboprop choice forthe flight parameters, however a conventional turboprop would suffer raised fuel consumption atthe higher cruising speeds so an advanced propeller will have to be used. This will increase the initialcost, however the ability to travel faster and therefore less time in the air at a much lower fuelFIG.2