ne way to improve your logical reasoning ability is to solvelogic problems. These problems are fun and challenging.Most grocery stores and drugstores carry booklets or magazines thatare full of logic problems. Three such magazines are
World of Puzzles,
published by Games Publications, and
Dell Math Puzzles and Logic Problems,
published by Dell Publications. The basic idea behindlogic problems is to solve them by matching items in various categories.For example, you might match the ﬁrst and last names of a list of people, their favorite foods, their favorite colors, and the pets theyown, or you might match each person’s name with a kind of carand an occupation. Generally speaking, these problems get harderas more people or more categories are added.Most logic problems can be solved by using a chart or a table thatwe will call a
A matrix helps organize the information in aproblem in a useful way and facilitates eliminating possibilities, whichis an important strategy for solving logic problems. Many people usematrices to solve problems in their work. Using a
between the elements in a problem.This is a standard feature of most logic problems. In the next problem,for example, each person has one favorite sport.
Ted,Ken,Allyson,and Janie (two married couples) each have a favorite sport:running,swimming,biking,and golf.Given the following clues,determine wholikes which sport.1.Ted hates golf.He agrees with Mark Twain that golf is nothing but agood walk spoiled.2.Ken wouldn’t run around the block if he didn’t have to,and neither would his wife.3.Each woman’s favorite sport is featured in a triathlon.4.Allyson bought her husband a new bike for his birthday to use in hisfavorite sport.Use the following matrix to work this problem before continuing.Usean
to represent no and an
to represent yes.
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