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Table Of Contents

0.1 Introduction
The EMMA toolkit: introduction and overview
Box 0.1 What is a ‘market system’?
Box 0.2 Why market systems matter in emergencies
0.2 EMMA: what, why, who, and when?
Box 0.3 The essential scope of EMMA
Box 0.4 Risks of doing harm via markets
Box 0.5 What are ‘direct’ and ‘indirect’ responses?
Box 0.6 Examples of the value added by EMMA
0.3 EMMA and market systems
0.4 Overview of EMMA – the three strands
Box 0.9 Results of gap analysis – example
Box 0.8 Three strands of EMMA
Box 0.11 Results of response analysis – example
Box 0.10 Results of market-system analysis – example
Box 0.12 Ten steps in EMMA
0.5 The EMMA process – ten steps
Box 0.13 EMMA process flow-chart
0.6 EMMA’s principles
0.7 Timetable for EMMA in practice
0.8 Main tools used in EMMA
Box 0.14 Indicative timetable for EMMA
0.9 Household income and expenditure profiles
Box 0.15 What are ‘good-enough’ results?
Box 0.16 Household-income profile – example
0.10 Seasonal calendars
Box 0.18 Seasonal calendar for an economic area
Box 0.19 Seasonal calendar for a target group
0.11 Market-system maps
Box 0.20 Seasonal calendar for a market system
0.12 Emergency-response frameworks
Box 0.23 Response-options framework – example
Box 0.24 Response-recommendations matrix – example
1.1 Overview of Step 1
1.2 Background research
Box 1.1 Useful websites for rapid background research
Box 1.2 Useful websites for detailed research
1.3. Consultations with colleagues
Box 1.3 UN cluster groups
1.4. Establish a working base for the EMMA team
1.5. Population targeting
Box 1.4 ‘Target population’ defined
Box 1.5 Examples of target populations
1.6 Disaggregation of target groups
Box 1.6 Criteria for defining different target groups
Box 1.7 Target groups – examples
Box 1.8 A seasonal calendar for target population
2.1 Overview of Step 2
2.2 Brainstorming options for market-system selection
Box 2.1 ‘Critical market systems’ and ‘key analytical questions’ defined
Box 2.2 Three categories of ‘critical’ market system
Box 2.3 EMMA goes beyond survival needs
Box 2.5 Long-list of market-system options (example)
Box 2.6 Selecting alternative income markets for refugees
2.3 Selecting critical market systems
Box 2.7 Criteria for selecting market systems
Box 2.8 Seasonal factors in selection – some examples
Box 2.9 Ranking exercise (example)
2.4 Specifying the key analytical questions
Box 2.10 Key analytical questions (examples)
3.1 Overview of Step 3
3.2 Getting started with market mapping
Box 3.1 Induction for inexperienced EMMA teams
3.3 Mapping the market chain
Box 3.3 Preliminary sketch of market chains
Box 3.4 Locating target groups in the market map
Box 3.5 Including subsistence producers in a food market map
Box 3.6 Optimal ignorance
3.4 Mapping the infrastructure, inputs, and services
3.5 Mapping institutions, rules, norms, and trends
3.6 Developing the market map through further iterations
Box 3.8 Mapping the market environment
3.7 Preliminary seasonal calendar for market system
3.8 Revising EMMA’s key analytical questions
Box 3.11 Seasonal calendar for market system
4.1 Overview of Step 4
4.2 EMMA’s fieldwork agenda
4.3 The gap-analysis agenda
4.6 Special issues in market-system analysis
4.7 Cash-feasibility agenda
Box 4.2 ‘Operational’ questions about cash feasibility
4.8 Interview planning and rehearsal
Box 4.3 Categories of informant, and interview style
4.9 Sample questions
Box 4.4 Sample questions for women and men in target households
Box 4.5 Sample questions for local market actors
Box 4.6 Sample questions for larger market actors / key informants
Box 4.7 Sample questions for large employers
Box 4.8 Data-sheet for household income – example
4.10 Data-collection sheets
Box 4.9 Data sheet for ‘gaps’ information – example
Box 4.10 Data sheet for local trader / retailer – example
Box 4.12 Data sheet for local employer – example
Box 4.11 Data sheet for local farmer / producer
Fieldwork activities and interviews
5.1 Overview of Step 5
5.2 The fieldwork itinerary
5.3 Allocating available interview time
Box 5.1 Daily checklist during fieldwork
5.4 Selecting whom to interview
Box 5.2 Dividing up your interview time
Box 5.3 Appropriate imprecision
Box 5.4 Tips on interviewing local market traders
5.5 General advice on conducting interviews
5.6 Recording your findings
Box 5.5 Using diagrams to record trade data
Box 5.6 Using diagrams for seasonal information
Mapping the market system
6.1 Overview of Step 6
6.2 Baseline market-system map
6.3 Emergency-affected market-system map
6.4 Quantification: putting numbers on the map
Box 6.2 Types of useful quantitative data in EMMA
Box 6.3 Showing actor numbers on market maps
Box 6.4 Showing prices along a market chain
Box 6.5 Estimating volumes from consumption data
6.5 Availability (stocks and lead times)
Box 6.6 Estimating volumes from production data
Box 6.7 Analysis of availability along a supply chain
6.6 Seasonal calendar for a market system
Box 6.9 Seasonal calendar for a market system – example
7.1 Overview of Step 7
7.2 Target population: essential details
7.3 Numerical gap analysis
Box 7.1 Target-population details – example
Box 7.2 Reasons why a market system might be critical
Box 7.3 Summary of gap analysis – example
Box 7.4 Allowing for stocks in estimating gaps
7.4 Qualitative aspects of gap analysis
Box 7.5 HEA definitions for essential income requirements
7.5 Household seasonal calendar
Box 7.6 Preferences for alternative forms of assistance
7.6 Household income and expenditure profiles
Box 7.7 Household seasonal calendar – example
Box 7.8 Changes to expenditure profile – example
8.1 Overview of Step 8
8.2 Outline of the analysis process
Box 8.1 ‘Contributing to humanitarian response’ – a definition
Box 8.6 Competition and market power
8.4 Impacts of the emergency
Box 8.8 Comparing baseline and emergency trade volumes – example
Box 8.9 Analysis of baseline and emergency volumes – example
Box 8.10 Demand-side and supply-side problems compared
Box 8.11 Indicators of problems in ‘supply’ systems
Box 8.12 Indicators of problems in ‘income’ systems
Box 8.13 Using data to diagnose supply-and-demand problems
Box 8.14 Analysis of price margins
8.5 Prospects for contributing to the emergency response
Box 8.15 Comparing ‘gaps’ with baseline volumes
Box 8.16 Analysis of availability – example
8.6 Market-support options
Box 8.17 Direct and indirect responses defined
Box 8.18 List of market-support options – examples
9.1 Overview of Step 9
Box 9.1 Response-analysis principles
9.2 The core logic of EMMA’s response analysis
Box 9.2 Different response options – example
Box 9.3 Response analysis logic in a supply system
Box 9.4 Reasonable prices?
Box 9.5 Response analysis logic in an income system
9.3 Options when market systems are expected to work well
Box 9.7 Three different objectives of cash-for-work
Box 9.9 Service provision or market facilitation
Box 9.11 Market-system support – financial services
Box 9.10 Market-system support – rehabilitation of infrastructure
Box 9.12 Market-system support – business services
Box 9.13 Market-system support – agricultural inputs and services
Box 9.14 Market-system support – information and lobbying
Box 9.15 Response-options framework
9.7 Response-options framework
9.8 Response-recommendations framework
Box 9.16 Response-recommendations framework
10.1 Overview of Step 10
10.2 Presenting EMMA results effectively
Box 10.1 Using results to get action – four rules of thumb
10.3 Structure of an EMMA report
10.4 EMMA: a final word
Bibliography
Glossary
Index
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Emergency Market Mapping Analysis

Emergency Market Mapping Analysis

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Published by Maqsood Amin

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Published by: Maqsood Amin on Jul 26, 2011
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