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PIC16C71X - 8-Bit CMOS Microcontroller with A/D Converter

PIC16C71X - 8-Bit CMOS Microcontroller with A/D Converter

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Published by: Guillermo Hernandez on Jul 26, 2011
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09/14/2011

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 ©
 1997 Microchip Technology Inc.DS30272A-page 1
 PIC16C71X
 8-Bit CMOS Microcontrollers with A/D Converter
 Devices included in this data sheet:
 PIC16C710PIC16C71PIC16C711PIC16C715
 PIC16C71X Microcontroller Core Features:
 High-performance RISC CPUOnly 35 single word instructions to learnAll single cycle instructions except for programbranches which are two cycleOperating speed:DC - 20 MHz clock inputDC - 200 ns instruction cycleUp to 2K x 14 words of Program Memory,up to 128 x 8 bytes of Data Memory (RAM)Interrupt capabilityEight level deep hardware stackDirect, indirect, and relative addressing modesPower-on Reset (POR)Power-up Timer (PWRT) andOscillator Start-up Timer (OST)Watchdog Timer (WDT) with its own on-chip RCoscillator for reliable operationProgrammable code-protectionPower saving SLEEP modeSelectable oscillator optionsLow-power, high-speed CMOS EPROMtechnologyFully static designWide operating voltage range: 2.5V to 6.0VHigh Sink/Source Current 25/25 mACommercial, Industrial and Extended temperaturerangesProgram Memory Parity Error Checking Circuitrywith Parity Error Reset (PER) (PIC16C715)Low-power consumption:- < 2 mA @ 5V, 4 MHz- 15
µ
 A typical @ 3V, 32 kHz- < 1
µ
 A typical standby current
 PIC16C71X Peripheral Features:
 Timer0: 8-bit timer/counter with 8-bit prescaler8-bit multichannel analog-to-digital converterBrown-out detection circuitry forBrown-out Reset (BOR)13 I/O Pins with Individual Direction Control
 Pin Diagrams
 PIC16C7X Features71071711715
 Program Memory (EPROM)x 145121K1K2KData Memory (Bytes) x 8363668128I/O Pins13131313Timer Modules1111A/D Channels4444In-Circuit Serial ProgrammingYesYesYesYesBrown-out ResetYesYesYesInterrupt Sources4444
RA2/AN2RA3/AN3/V
REF
RA4/T0CKIMCLR/V
PP
V
SS
V
SS
RB0/INTRB1RB2RB3RA1/AN1RA0/AN0OSC1/CLKINOSC2/CLKOUTV
DD
RB7RB6RB5RB4
 
• 1234567891020191817161514131211V
DD
SSOP
RA2/AN2RA3/AN3/V
REF
RA4/T0CKIMCLR/V
PP
V
SS
RB0/INTRB1RB2RB3RA1/AN1RA0/AN0OSC1/CLKINOSC2/CLKOUTV
DD
RB7RB6RB5RB4• 123456789181716151413121110
I   C  6  C  0 
PDIP, SOIC, Windowed CERDIP
I   C  6  C I   C  6  C I   C  6  C  5 I   C  6  C  0 I   C  6  C I   C  6  C  5 
 
 PIC16C71X
 DS30272A-page 2
 ©
 1997 Microchip Technology Inc.
 Table of Contents
 1.0General Description....................................................................................................................................................................32.0PIC16C71X Device Varieties......................................................................................................................................................53.0Architectural Overview................................................................................................................................................................74.0Memory Organization...............................................................................................................................................................115.0I/O Ports....................................................................................................................................................................................256.0Timer0 Module..........................................................................................................................................................................317.0Analog-to-Digital Converter (A/D) Module................................................................................................................................378.0Special Features of the CPU....................................................................................................................................................479.0Instruction Set Summary..........................................................................................................................................................6910.0Development Support...............................................................................................................................................................8511.0Electrical Characteristics for PIC16C710 and PIC16C711.......................................................................................................8912.0DC and AC Characteristics Graphs and Tables for PIC16C710 and PIC16C711..................................................................10113.0Electrical Characteristics for PIC16C715................................................................................................................................11114.0DC and AC Characteristics Graphs and Tables for PIC16C715............................................................................................12515.0Electrical Characteristics for PIC16C71..................................................................................................................................13516.0DC and AC Characteristics Graphs and Tables for PIC16C71..............................................................................................14717.0Packaging Information............................................................................................................................................................155Appendix A:......................................................................................................................................................................................161Appendix B: Compatibility.................................................................................................................................................................161Appendix C: What’s New..................................................................................................................................................................162Appendix D: What’s Changed..........................................................................................................................................................162Index..................................................................................................................................................................................................163PIC16C71X Product Identification System.........................................................................................................................................173
 To Our Valued Customers
 We constantly strive to improve the quality of all our products and documentation. We have spent an exceptionalamount of time to ensure that these documents are correct. However, we realize that we may have missed a fewthings. If you find any information that is missing or appears in error, please use the reader response form in theback of this data sheet to inform us. We appreciate your assistance in making this a better document.
 
 ©
 1997 Microchip Technology Inc.DS30272A-page 3
 PIC16C71X
 1.0GENERAL DESCRIPTION
 The PIC16C71X is a family of
 
low-cost, high-perfor-mance, CMOS, fully-static, 8-bit microcontrollers withintegrated analog-to-digital (A/D) converters, in thePIC16CXX mid-range family.All PIC16/17 microcontrollers employ an advancedRISC architecture. The PIC16CXX microcontroller fam-ily has enhanced core features, eight-level deep stack,and multiple internal and external interrupt sources.The separate instruction and data buses of the Harvardarchitecture allow a 14-bit wide instruction word withthe separate 8-bit wide data. The two stage instructionpipeline allows all instructions to execute in a singlecycle, except for program branches which require twocycles. A total of 35 instructions (reduced instructionset) are available. Additionally, a large register set givessome of the architectural innovations used to achieve avery high performance.PIC16CXX microcontrollers typically achieve a 2:1code compression and a 4:1 speed improvement overother 8-bit microcontrollers in their class.The
PIC16C710/71
 devices have 36 bytes of RAM, the
 PIC16C711
 has 68 bytes of RAM and the
PIC16C715
 has 128 bytes of RAM. Each device has 13 I/O
 
pins. Inaddition a timer/counter is available. Also a 4-channelhigh-speed 8-bit A/D is provided. The 8-bit resolution isideally suited for applications requiring low-cost analoginterface, e.g. thermostat control, pressure sensing,etc.The PIC16C71X family has special features to reduceexternal components, thus reducing cost, enhancingsystem reliability and reducing power consumption.There are four oscillator options, of which the single pinRC oscillator provides a low-cost solution, the LP oscil-lator minimizes power consumption, XT is a standardcrystal, and the HS is for High Speed crystals. TheSLEEP (power-down) feature provides a power savingmode. The user can wake up the chip from SLEEPthrough several external and internal interrupts andresets.A highly reliable Watchdog Timer with its own on-chipRC oscillator provides protection against software lock-up.A UV erasable CERDIP packaged version is ideal forcode development while the cost-effective One-Time-Programmable (OTP) version is suitable for productionin any volume.The PIC16C71X family fits perfectly in applicationsranging from security and remote sensors to appliancecontrol and automotive. The EPROM technologymakes customization of application programs (trans-mitter codes, motor speeds, receiver frequencies, etc.)extremely fast and convenient. The small footprintpackages make this microcontroller series perfect forall applications with space limitations. Low cost, lowpower, high performance, ease of use and I/O flexibilitymake the PIC16C71X very versatile even in areaswhere no microcontroller use has been consideredbefore (e.g. timer functions, serial communication, cap-ture and compare, PWM functions and coprocessorapplications).
1.1Family and Upward Compatibility
 Users familiar with the PIC16C5X microcontroller fam-ily will realize that this is an enhanced version of thePIC16C5X architecture. Please refer to Appendix A fora detailed list of enhancements. Code written for thePIC16C5X can be easily ported to the PIC16CXX fam-ily of devices (Appendix B).
 1.2Development Support
 PIC16C71X devices are supported by the completeline of Microchip Development tools.Please refer toSection 10.0for more details aboutMicrochip’s development tools.

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