1997 Microchip Technology Inc.DS30272A-page 3
The PIC16C71X is a family of
low-cost, high-perfor-mance, CMOS, fully-static, 8-bit microcontrollers withintegrated analog-to-digital (A/D) converters, in thePIC16CXX mid-range family.All PIC16/17 microcontrollers employ an advancedRISC architecture. The PIC16CXX microcontroller fam-ily has enhanced core features, eight-level deep stack,and multiple internal and external interrupt sources.The separate instruction and data buses of the Harvardarchitecture allow a 14-bit wide instruction word withthe separate 8-bit wide data. The two stage instructionpipeline allows all instructions to execute in a singlecycle, except for program branches which require twocycles. A total of 35 instructions (reduced instructionset) are available. Additionally, a large register set givessome of the architectural innovations used to achieve avery high performance.PIC16CXX microcontrollers typically achieve a 2:1code compression and a 4:1 speed improvement overother 8-bit microcontrollers in their class.The
devices have 36 bytes of RAM, the
has 68 bytes of RAM and the
has 128 bytes of RAM. Each device has 13 I/O
pins. Inaddition a timer/counter is available. Also a 4-channelhigh-speed 8-bit A/D is provided. The 8-bit resolution isideally suited for applications requiring low-cost analoginterface, e.g. thermostat control, pressure sensing,etc.The PIC16C71X family has special features to reduceexternal components, thus reducing cost, enhancingsystem reliability and reducing power consumption.There are four oscillator options, of which the single pinRC oscillator provides a low-cost solution, the LP oscil-lator minimizes power consumption, XT is a standardcrystal, and the HS is for High Speed crystals. TheSLEEP (power-down) feature provides a power savingmode. The user can wake up the chip from SLEEPthrough several external and internal interrupts andresets.A highly reliable Watchdog Timer with its own on-chipRC oscillator provides protection against software lock-up.A UV erasable CERDIP packaged version is ideal forcode development while the cost-effective One-Time-Programmable (OTP) version is suitable for productionin any volume.The PIC16C71X family ﬁts perfectly in applicationsranging from security and remote sensors to appliancecontrol and automotive. The EPROM technologymakes customization of application programs (trans-mitter codes, motor speeds, receiver frequencies, etc.)extremely fast and convenient. The small footprintpackages make this microcontroller series perfect forall applications with space limitations. Low cost, lowpower, high performance, ease of use and I/O ﬂexibilitymake the PIC16C71X very versatile even in areaswhere no microcontroller use has been consideredbefore (e.g. timer functions, serial communication, cap-ture and compare, PWM functions and coprocessorapplications).
1.1Family and Upward Compatibility
Users familiar with the PIC16C5X microcontroller fam-ily will realize that this is an enhanced version of thePIC16C5X architecture. Please refer to Appendix A fora detailed list of enhancements. Code written for thePIC16C5X can be easily ported to the PIC16CXX fam-ily of devices (Appendix B).
PIC16C71X devices are supported by the completeline of Microchip Development tools.Please refer toSection 10.0for more details aboutMicrochip’s development tools.