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Published by Firdaus Hacks

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Published by: Firdaus Hacks on Jul 27, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Name : Kor Hong WeeI.C no. : 940911015909Class : 5 JayaWildlife is considered an international resource to be managed co-operatively by sovereign states. Thispolicy is basic to international wildlife treaties as well as the broad based, continental co-operationbetween professionals and conservation organizations. Wildlife conservation is a practice in whichpeople attempt to protect endangered plant and animal species, along with their habitats. It is also theprotection, preservation and restoration of wildlife and their environment. The goal of wildlifeconservation is to ensure that nature will be around for future generations to enjoy, and to recognizethe importance of wildlife and wilderness lands to humans. Many nations have government agenciesdedicated to wildlife conservation which help to implement policies designed to protect wildlife, andnumerous independent nonprofit organizations also promote various wildlife conservation causes.One of the way to conserve wildlife is habitat management. Habitat Management refers to takingcare of the habitat of the wildlife, so that they feel at home, safe and secure. Efforts can also be made topreserve existing habitats, such as providing food and water sources and limiting hunting. Study of different kind of habitats, devising ways of protecting it, its preservation and regular checking of thesehabitats through census and statistical data help a great deal in working out a plan of action in managinga habitat and the species therein. National Parks, Biosphere Reserves, zoological parks and botanicalgardens and sanctuaries work as protected areas for wild life. They help in conserving the wild life intheir wild state. Besides being the protected habitats of various species, they are also good places totake a tour of. One of the examples in Malaysia is the national park , Taman Negara Endau-Rompin inPahang.Why wildlife conservation is so important? Because the most beautiful gift that God has given tonature are the wild creatures, they embellish the natural beauty by their unique way of existence. Butdue the growing impact of deforestation, few concerned animal lovers are making continuous efforts tosave the endangered species as well as those who are on the verge of extinction and save the worldfrom losing its green heritage.Human influence over the Earths ecosystems has been so extensive within the last 10,000 yearsthat scientists have difficulty estimating the total number of species lost in this era. The rates of deforestation, reef destruction, wetlands filling and other human acts are proceeding much faster thanhuman assessment of the Earth's species. The matter of ongoing species loss is made more complex bythe fact that most of the Earth's species have not been described or evaluated for endangerment.
Overpopulation of humans on the Earth has been the main threat. With overpopulation comes massagriculture, deforestation, overgrazing, slash and burn urban development, pesticide use and globalwarming. An endangered species is a population of an organism which is at risk of becoming extinctbecause it is few in numbers and/or is threatened by changing environment.Numerous disciplines are involved in wildlife conservation. In order to practice wildlifeconservation, people must use biology and other sciences to identify populations which are at risk, andto study those populations to learn more about their needs. Economics often becomes involved whenorganizations work to set land aside for the use of wildlife, with wildlife conservationists attempting toarrive at efficient land-use solutions. Wildlife conservation also relies heavily on education, usingoutreach programs to teach people about wildlife and to show people why conserving natural habitat isimportant.Awareness about wild life is essential for protecting and appreciating them. People can beencouraged and educated to participate in the preservation processes in a number of ways. The generalpublic may not be aware that a species is endangered until it's too late. Educational programs makinguse of television advertising and instructional seminars at national parks can be used to inform thepublic of the situation. These programs and TV spots can also warn against human behaviors thatdestroy habitats, such as the accidental starting of forest fires.The general public can aid in the conservation of wildlife by not hunting wild animals for sport orfor a source of exotic food. They should also refrain from the practice of supporting those who earnmoney from the illegal hunting of wild animals, such as poachers who kill animals for the sole purpose of harvesting their body parts and hides to sell them for a profit.There are many other ways that humans and the wildlife are connected other than just the earththat we share. It is important that people realize every piece of plastic or paper they recycle helps ourenvironment stay clean so that all the deer, fish, rabbits, and birds, squirrels. Giraffes, and elephants, elkand moose have a clean place to live, as well as humans. Also, every piece of trash you pick up or throwdown could also have a huge impact on whether a deer or some fish will stay alive of accidentallyswallow the trash, thinking it's food or not. Pollution also makes the land unfit, not just for wild animals,but also our very own domestic livestock.The Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 laid the legal framework for the establishment of nationalparks and wildlife sanctuaries in the country and for the management of wildlife habitats andpopulations including issues related to trade in wildlife species. The 1991 Amendment to the Wildlife(Protection) Act sought to strengthen wildlife conservation in many ways. A principal objective was toreduce the degree of large-scale resource exploitation in wildlife sanctuaries undertaken on the pretextthat this practice was not deleterious to wildlife conservation. This practice had increased to the pointwhere even national parks which were in the process of final settlement of rights were opened to suchexploitation. Now the law prohibits any resource exploitation in a wildlife sanctuary. This includessubsistence use by local peripheral communities, as well as commercial extraction by stateorganizations. This has many potential implications for both conservation planning and for field levelconservation management.Many wildlife organizations are there who try to save and flourish the wildlife. Many naturalprojects and programmes have been undertaken by the Malayisan government like project tiger, naturecamps, and jungle lodges. These have been organized to promote the wildlife awareness among the

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