treat your women well and be kind to them for they are your partnersand committed helpers. And it is your right that they do not makefriends with any one of whom you do not approve, as well as never tocommit adultery.O People, listen to me in earnest, worship Allah, say your five dailyprayers (Salah), fast during the month of Ramadhan, and give yourwealth in Zakat. Perform Hajj if you can afford to. You know thatevery Muslim is the brother of another Muslim. You are all equal.Nobody has superiority over other except by piety and good action.Remember, one day you will appear before Allah and answer for yourdeeds. So beware, do not astray from the path of righteousness after Iam gone.O People, no prophet or apostle will come after me and no new faithwill be born. Reason well, therefore, O People, and understand mywords which I convey to you. I leave behind me two things, theQur'an and my example, the Sunnah and if you follow these you willnever go astray.All those who listen to me shall pass on my words to others and thoseto others again; and may the last ones understand my words betterthan those who listen to me directly. Be my witness oh Allah that Ihave conveyed your message to your people."
Conditions of marriage
Could you please explain the relative importance of the practicesof marriage and which of them are essential for the marriage contractand which are only recommended or voluntary?
Marriage itself is a Sunnah, which means that it isrecommended, not obligatory to us. Therefore, if aMuslim does not marry throughout his life, he commitsno sin, although he has chosen a course for his lifedifferent from that recommended by the Prophet. Therecommendation is made in the strongest of terms, asthe Prophet says: "Marriage is my way, (i.e. Sunnah)and a person who disdains to follow my way does notbelong to me." Yet the emphasis put on therecommendation is only to heighten its desirability. It isnot to be understood from this hadith that a personwho remains unmarried throughout his life removeshimself from the fold of Islam or even commits a sin.
Divorce on the other hand is permissible but describedas unsavory or distasteful. It is permitted because of