Background of The Study
Quoting a most well known quotation, “
homo homini socius
”,which means “human is social being”, gives us a notion that humancannot be separated or even be far from the society. “When we studyhuman language, we are approaching to what some might call the‘human essence’, the distinctive qualities of mind that are, so far as weknow, unique to man”, said by Chomsky (Fromkin, 2001:2). The needof every person to express something through a media to do thetransferring action is a language.Language occurs in a society. To communicate something or to express idea people use language as the tool. It is also used to builda relationship among members of the society. Being spoken amongmembers of the society is a requirement for a language. Thus, theessential usage of a language will appear, as a tool of communication.Indonesia, with its diversity, encloses with many differentethnics who speak different languages as well. This is supported by theamount of islands which is scattered the people into some regions. Asan example, the Java Island is inhabited by many ethnicities which aredifferent from the Borneo’s island.