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Medicinal Plants

Medicinal Plants

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Published by: pkbajpai3909 on Sep 19, 2008
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SECTION I—MEDICINAL PLANTS,
ABELMOSCHUS ESCULENTUS Linn.(HIBISCUS ESCULENTUS Linn).
F
AM
.—Malvaceæ.COM. NS :—
E.
Gabba, Gumbo, Lady's finger, Ochra ; G. Bhinda;
H.
Bhindi, Katavandai,Ramturai;
K.
Bendikai, Bende;
M.
Bhendi;
Sk.
Bhinda, Gandhamula, Pichhila, Tindisa, Krittabija.HABITAT :—Cultivated in fields.LOC. :—Cultivated throughout the State and throughout the year.DISTR. :—Cultivated throughout India; probably of African origin ; naturalised or cultivated inall tropical countries.PARTS USED :—Leaves, fruits and seeds.PROPERTIES AND USES :—Mucilaginous fruit is sweetish and tasty ; tonic, astringent,aphrodisiac; causes " Kapha" and " Vata", dyspepsia; produces oedema; to be avoided in bronchitis(Ayurveda). Mucilaginous fruit is sweetish, cooling, stomachic, aphrodisiac; enriches blood ; curesbiliousness ; useful in gonorrhœa, urinary discharges, strangury and diarrhœa ; emollient; causesconstipation (Yunani).LOC. USES :—Plant abounds in copious bland mucilage, consisting chiefly of pectin andstarch and possesses valuable emollient, demulcent and diuretic properties. It is most beneficial indysentery; it is also aphrodisiac. Decoction of capsule is an agreeable drink, most serviceable infevers, catarrhal attacks and irritable states of the genito-urinary organs. Leaves are used to formemollient poultices.Fruits contain vitamins
A, B
and C.
See—
Vegetables.
ABELMOSCHUS MOSCHATUS Medik.(HIBISCUS ABELMOSCHUS Linn.)
F
AM
.—Malvaceæ.COM.
NS.:—E.
Musk-Mallow;
G.
Mushakdana;
H.
Mushakadana; K. Kasturibende ; M.Kasturibhendi;
Sk 
. Lalakasturika.
 
2BOMBAY STATE GAZETTEER (BOTANY)CHAR.:—A tall annual shrub; stem clothed with long hairs; L.—polymorphous, cordate, thelower ovate, acute or roundish angled, upper palmately 3-7 lobed, lobes oblong-ovate, crenate,serrate or irregularly toothed, hairy;
Fl.—
regular, bisexual, involucral bracts 8-12, hairy, yellow withpurple centre;
Fr.—
capsule fulvous hairy, oblong-lanceolate, acute;
Sd.—
subreniform, blackish;
Fl.t.—
cold season.HABITAT :—Cultivated.LOC. :—Cultivated extensively throughout the State.DISTR. :—Cultivated in the hotter parts of India; tropics of the old-world.PARTS USED :—Roots, leaves (rarely) and seeds.PROPERTIES AND USES :—
Seeds
cooling, tonic, carminative, aphrodisiac; cure diseasesdue to " Kapha " and " Vata", intestinal complaints, stomatitis; good in diseases of heart; allay thirstand check vomiting (Ayurveda).
Seeds
allay thirst, cure stomatitis, dyspepsia, urinary discharges, gonorrhœa, leucodermaand itch; tonic, stomachic.
Roots
and
leaves
are cure for gonorrhœa (Yunani).LOC. USES :—In Bombay the
seeds
are rubbed to a paste with milk and used to cure itch.Seeds enter into the composition of some compound prescriptions, being regarded as cooling,emollient and demulcent. They are used as a drink in fevers, gonorrhœa, etc. and as an inhalationin hoarseness and dryness of throat. Seeds yield an essential oil.Moideen Sheriff used the tincture of the seeds and considered it to be stimulant, stomachic,antispasmodic and recommended its use in nervous debility, hysteria and as a tonic for dyspepsia.In Brazil the
herb
is used as a fomentation and an enema.
ABROMA AUGUSTA Linn.
F
AM
.—Sterculiaceæ.COM. NS.
:
E.
Devil's cotton;
H.
Kumal, Ulatkambal;
K.
Melpundigida; M. Ulatkambal, Olak-tambol.CHAR.:—A shrub or a small tree with velvety branches; L.—10-15 X 12 cm., repand,denticulate, entire, smooth above, pubescent below;
Fl.—
dark-red, 5 cm. diam;
Fr.—
capsule 4 cm.long, obpyramidal;
Sd.—
enveloped in light cottony wool.HABITAT :—Grows wild in hotter parts ; also cultivated.LOC. :—Often cultivated as an ornamental plant in gardens.DISTR. :—Indigenous or cultivated throughout the hotter parts of India (Sikkim ; Khasia Hills,Assam), Java, Philippines, China.PARTS USED :—Root bark.PROPERTIES AND LOC. USES :—
Root bark 
is emmenagogue and uterine tonic. It is usedin menstrual discharges. The fresh viscid
juice
of the root-bark is
useful 
in the congestive andneuralgic varieties of dysmenorrhoea. It regulates the menstrual flow. It is a very popular medicinein the indigenous system. Only the fresh root-bark or dried root-bark should be used.
 
MEDICINAL PLANTS3The root has a fixed oil, resins and an alkaloid in minute quantity among its constituents.
See—
Fibres, Ornamental Plants.
ABRUS PRECATORIUS Linn.
F
AM
.—Leguminosæ (Papilionaceæ).COM. NS.—E. Indian liquorice, Rosary pea; G. Chanoti; Gunja;
H.
Chirmiti, Gaungchi,Gunchi, Gunja, Kunch, Rati; K. Gunja, Haga, Madhuka ;
. Gunja, Kunch, Gunchi ;
Sk.
Gunja,Gunjika, Kakavallari, Tulabija.CHAR.:—A deciduous glabrous-twiner; branches slender, stem attaining 5.5 m. height;
L
.—paripinnate, 5-10 cm. long; leaflets 10-20 pairs ;
Fl.—
inracemes, small, crowded, rose-coloured;
Fr.—
pod, 2.5—4.3 X 1—1.25 cm., turgid, finely silky, 4-6 seeded;
Sd 
.—scarlet with a black-spot,ovoid;
Fl. t.—
rainy season.HABITAT :—Moist and open littoral forests.LOC. :—Throughout the State, common in Konkan, N. Kanara.DISTR. :—Throughout India, Ceylon and throughout the tropics ; often planted.PARTS USED:—Root, leaves and seeds. Seeds are commonly used as weights bygoldsmiths.PROPERTIES AND USES :—
Seeds-acrid,
aphrodisiac, tonic; causes "Kapha" ; removesbiliousness; improves taste and complexion; useful in eye diseases ; cures leucoderma, itching, skindiseases and wounds.
Root 
and
leaves—
same properties as seed and in addition they cure fevers,stomatitis, head complaints, asthma, thirst, tuberculous glands, caries of teeth (Ayurveda).
Seed—
acrid; tonic to brain and body; aphrodisiac; harmful to old men.
Root 
and
leaves
are sweet. Theyhave the same properties as seed and oil (Yunani).LOC. USES:—
Root 
is emetic and alexiteric. The watery extract is useful in coughs. It isemployed as a substitute for liquorice.
Leaves
steeped in warm mustard oil are used to relieve localpain in swellings and rheumatism.
Juice
rubbed on leucodermic spots for a month has been foundto remove them. Leaves are chewed and the juice swallowed in cases of hoarseness. In smalldoses seeds are purgative and emetic. Seeds poisonous in large doses. They are used by lower class people for poisoning cattle and for producing criminal abortion.
Seed 
loses its activity whenboiled and then it can be used as a food. Powdered seeds boiled with milk have a powerful tonicand aphrodisiac action on the nervous system. Externally they are used in skin diseases, ulcers andhair affection. The paste is applied locally insciatica, stiffness of joints, paralysis and other nervousdiseases. It is used in white leprosy along with plumbago root. Paste is also used for contusions ininflammation. Powdered seeds are used as snuff in violent headache; seeds decorticated and finelyground are used in eye-troubles (granular lids).The active principle has been isolated from seeds and named
abrin.

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