MEDICINAL PLANTS3The root has a fixed oil, resins and an alkaloid in minute quantity among its constituents.
Fibres, Ornamental Plants.
ABRUS PRECATORIUS Linn.
.—Leguminosæ (Papilionaceæ).COM. NS.—E. Indian liquorice, Rosary pea; G. Chanoti; Gunja;
Chirmiti, Gaungchi,Gunchi, Gunja, Kunch, Rati; K. Gunja, Haga, Madhuka ;
. Gunja, Kunch, Gunchi ;
Gunja,Gunjika, Kakavallari, Tulabija.CHAR.:—A deciduous glabrous-twiner; branches slender, stem attaining 5.5 m. height;
.—paripinnate, 5-10 cm. long; leaflets 10-20 pairs ;
inracemes, small, crowded, rose-coloured;
pod, 2.5—4.3 X 1—1.25 cm., turgid, finely silky, 4-6 seeded;
.—scarlet with a black-spot,ovoid;
rainy season.HABITAT :—Moist and open littoral forests.LOC. :—Throughout the State, common in Konkan, N. Kanara.DISTR. :—Throughout India, Ceylon and throughout the tropics ; often planted.PARTS USED:—Root, leaves and seeds. Seeds are commonly used as weights bygoldsmiths.PROPERTIES AND USES :—
aphrodisiac, tonic; causes "Kapha" ; removesbiliousness; improves taste and complexion; useful in eye diseases ; cures leucoderma, itching, skindiseases and wounds.
same properties as seed and in addition they cure fevers,stomatitis, head complaints, asthma, thirst, tuberculous glands, caries of teeth (Ayurveda).
acrid; tonic to brain and body; aphrodisiac; harmful to old men.
are sweet. Theyhave the same properties as seed and oil (Yunani).LOC. USES:—
is emetic and alexiteric. The watery extract is useful in coughs. It isemployed as a substitute for liquorice.
steeped in warm mustard oil are used to relieve localpain in swellings and rheumatism.
rubbed on leucodermic spots for a month has been foundto remove them. Leaves are chewed and the juice swallowed in cases of hoarseness. In smalldoses seeds are purgative and emetic. Seeds poisonous in large doses. They are used by lower class people for poisoning cattle and for producing criminal abortion.
loses its activity whenboiled and then it can be used as a food. Powdered seeds boiled with milk have a powerful tonicand aphrodisiac action on the nervous system. Externally they are used in skin diseases, ulcers andhair affection. The paste is applied locally insciatica, stiffness of joints, paralysis and other nervousdiseases. It is used in white leprosy along with plumbago root. Paste is also used for contusions ininflammation. Powdered seeds are used as snuff in violent headache; seeds decorticated and finelyground are used in eye-troubles (granular lids).The active principle has been isolated from seeds and named