Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword or section
Like this
13Activity

Table Of Contents

0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Wireless & Cellular Communications

Wireless & Cellular Communications

Ratings: (0)|Views: 736 |Likes:
Published by Bejeta

More info:

Published by: Bejeta on Jul 27, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

07/03/2014

pdf

text

original

 
 Wireless & CellularCommunications
Class Notes for TLEN-5510
Thomas SchwenglerCopyright ©2010 Thomas Schwengler.All rights reserved. No part of this document may be reproduced, reprinted, transmitted, or utilized inany form, without written permission from the author. Requests to the author should be addressed toThomas.Schwengler@Colorado.edu.
 
 2
 
 3
This chapter introduces digital wireless communications systems and the spectrum landscape.
Many textbooks begin with a good historical overview of wireless communications andexcellent insights (see for instance[3
 
, 5, 7]), and we will not attempt to reproduce them; let  us simply summarize in a few statements the major innovations in wireless system.
1.1.1 Past  
Early smoke signals and carrier pigeons may of course be seen as a form of wirelesscommunications, but offer little modern interst. Early coding schemes can be attributed tothe british scientist Robert Hooke for inventing large mobile panels coding the letters of thealphabet (1684). More elaborate schemes appear in the late 18th century, including thenoteworthy optical telegraph invented by the French physicist Claude Chappe (1791);these large signaling towers transmitted coded words (rather than letters) over longdistances, and were developed in the following years into a large network over major citiesin France and surrounding countries. This precursor to radio communications sufferedhowever from outages due to fog or rain, and in a sense is still rather reminiscent of current microwave, millimeter-wave, or infrared radio links.True radio communications were of course based on the work of Maxwell and theexperiments of Hertz. The first use of radio to transmit coded information was probably
proposed by Tesla in the 1880’s, and the first radio communication systems were
described in his papers around 1991. Nearly simultaneously, Marconi patented thetelegraph and demonstrated to the world the usefulness of mobile communications withships crossing the English Channel. Interestingly the infancy of radio communicationsalready emphasizes the importance of some important points: 1) certain radio frequenciesovercome line of site obstructions and weather impediments, 2) mobility is the mainapplication, 3) patent protection is paramount.The next major advances in radio systems were developed during and after world wartwo, and benefitted from significant research around radar and remote sensing.S
ubsequently, different applications flourished: TV broadcasting in the 1940’s probably has
the merit of introducing the first standardization of communications technology, leading tomajor television standards, (NTSC Color Standard in 1953, and recently ATSC DigitalStandard in 2009). Standards have become very important in all aspects of wirelesscommunications, and will be analyzed in more details further.

Activity (13)

You've already reviewed this. Edit your review.
1 hundred reads
1 thousand reads
Tarek Al Ashhab liked this
iyersrini liked this
Basir Usman liked this
Hanene Hrizi liked this
Mohamed Khedr liked this
Aisha Shaikh liked this
Chidhuro Owen liked this

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->