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rr221803-fuels-furnaces-and-refractories

rr221803-fuels-furnaces-and-refractories

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Published by: SRINIVASA RAO GANTA on Sep 19, 2008
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Code No: RR221803
Set No. 1
II B.Tech II Semester Supplimentary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2008
FUELS FURNACES AND REFRACTORIES
(Metallurgy & Material Technology)
Time: 3 hours
Max Marks: 80
Answer any FIVE Questions
All Questions carry equal marks
\u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6
1. (a) Explain how experimentally ultimate analysis of coals is found.
(b) Explain process of origin of coals.
[8+8]
2. (a) Describe a method for the manufacture of producer gas.
(b) What are the properties and uses of producer gas.
[9+7]
3. (a) Explain the concept of Black body.
(b) Discuss about emisssivity of materials.
[8+8]
4. Explain the following:
(a) Reynolds Number
(b) Nusselts Number
(c) Log mean temperature di\ufb00erence.
[5+5+6]
5. (a) Draw a neat line diagram of a Blast furnace and explain its constructional
details
(b) Discuss about various furnace atmospheres.
[8+8]
6. (a) What is a thermopile? How this can be utilized in measuring temperature?
(b) Discuss various methods of cold junction correction in case of thermo electric
pyrometers.
[6+10]

7. (a) Classify various pyrometers.
(b) Explain how temperature is measured with a resistance pyrometer.
(c) Discuss how cold junction in thermocouples can be achieved.

[4+6+6]
8. What are the various failures of refractories we come across in service? What tests
are used to ascertain such failures?
[16]
\u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6
1 of 1
Code No: RR221803
Set No. 2
II B.Tech II Semester Supplimentary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2008
FUELS FURNACES AND REFRACTORIES
(Metallurgy & Material Technology)
Time: 3 hours
Max Marks: 80
Answer any FIVE Questions
All Questions carry equal marks
\u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6
1. (a) How do you classify fuels?
(b) What is meant by pulverized fuel? What are the advantages and disadvantages
of using pulverized fuels in furnaces?
[4+12]
2. (a) What is Blast furnace gas? What is its composition and uses.
(b) What is composition, properties and uses of coke oven gas.
[8+8]
3. What is Stefan Boltzman law? How is it used for heat transfer by radiation?[16]
4. Explain the following:
(a) Reynolds Number
(b) Nusselts Number
(c) Log mean temperature di\ufb00erence.
[5+5+6]
5. (a) Discuss the importance of waste heat recovery in Metallurgical furnaces.
(b) Explain in detail the characteristic features of Arc furnaces.
[8+8]
6. (a) Explain how a thermoelectric pyrometer can be used to maintain the temper-
ature in a furnace.
(b) Explain the various methods of measuring e.m.f.
[8+8]
7. (a) With a neat sketch explain the principle, Construction and operation of a
disappearing \ufb01lament optical pyrometer.
(b) Explain a pyro - optical pyrometer.
[9+7]
8. With the aid of a line diagram explain the manufacture of \ufb01re caly refractories.
What are the advantages of these refractories over other refractories?
[16]
\u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6
1 of 1
Code No: RR221803
Set No. 3
II B.Tech II Semester Supplimentary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2008
FUELS FURNACES AND REFRACTORIES
(Metallurgy & Material Technology)
Time: 3 hours
Max Marks: 80
Answer any FIVE Questions
All Questions carry equal marks
\u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6
1. (a) Explain the Insitu theory of origin and formation of coals.
(b) Give the calori\ufb01c value of various types of coals and indicate their respective
uses.
[8+8]
2. (a) With the aid of a neat sketch explain the fractional distillation of crude oil.
(b) Explain what you mean by catalytic cracking.
[10+6]
3. (a) Explain conduction, Convection and radiation with suitable examples
(b) Explain what you mean by steady state and unsteady state conduction.[8+8]
4. Explain the following:
(a) Reynolds Number
(b) Nusselts Number
(c) Log mean temperature di\ufb00erence.
[5+5+6]
5. (a) Discuss the importance of waste heat recovery in Metallurgical furnaces.
(b) Explain in detail the characteristic features of Arc furnaces.
[8+8]

6. (a) Explain peltier and Thomson e\ufb00ects.
(b) Give the composition and uses of various thermocouple materials
(c) What is a thermopile.

[7+7+2]
7. (a) Explain Planks distributive law.
(b) Explain the Principle and operation of an optical pyrometer. What are its
uses.
[6+10]
8. With the aid of a line diagram explain the manufacture of \ufb01re caly refractories.
What are the advantages of these refractories over other refractories?
[16]
\u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6
1 of 1

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