The following white paper is based on a collaboration between comScore and Facebook. The research,which examines the nature of the reach and frequency of branded content on Facebook, is largely basedon May 2011 findings from comScore
but also includes insights from Facebook’s
internal analytics platform. The summary below establishes the key findings and implications of thisresearch.
Facebook is the dominant social networking site with an audience of approximately 160 millionU.S. visitors each month and accounts for 90 percent of all time spent on social networking sites.(Source: comScore)
Branded content on social media can take many forms
content shared directly from brands, re-shared content from connections, or social marketing such as
ponsored Stories adunit. While there has been tremendous focus on counting the incidence of these brand mentionson social networks (and, to a lesser degree, categorizing it), we find that the reach and frequencyof social media brand impressions is far more important than simple counting statistics.
Facebook users spend more than a quarter of their time on the site consuming and interactingwith the Facebook Newsfeed, and this activity represents 4 percent of all time spent online in theU.S. The Newsfeed is also the primary location where branded content is consumed. In fact,users are 40-150 times more likely to consume branded content in the Newsfeed than to visit theFan Page itself. (Source: comScore)
There are typically two potential audiences for branded content on Facebook. Fans of brands onFacebook
(those who have explicitly “liked” a brand)
are the easiest to reach with social mediabrand impressions, but the Friends of those Fans also constitute an important incrementalaudience. Friends of Fans typically represent a much larger set of consumers (34 times larger, onaverage, for the top 100 brand pages) and can receive social media brand impressions by way oftheir Friends. In examples from this paper, the reach of branded content among Friends of Fanssignificantly exceeded the reach among Fans.
When a brand focuses on acquiring and engaging Fans it can benefit from a significantsecondary effect
exposure among Friends of Fans that often surpasses reach among Fans.
In the case of some brands, Facebook Fans may have different aggregate demographic andbehavioral profiles than typical brand purchasers, indicating that social media may requiredifferent approaches to marketing strategy.
Value of a F
an” can be
assessed in three primary ways: increasing the depth ofengagement and loyalty among Fans, generating incremental purchase behavior, and leveragingthe ability to influence Friends of Fans.