Code No: 62236/MT
M.Tech. \u2013 II Semester Regular Examinations, September, 2008
HYDEL POWER ENGINEERING
(Power Engineering & Energy SYSTEMS)
Answer any FIVE questions
All questions carry equal marks
- - -
Storage and Pondage
Firm Power and secondary Power
Load factor and Capacity factor.
Explain load study and estimation.
What is Load duration curve. Explain.
2.a) Explain the salient feactures of run \u2013 of \u2013 river plants and stroage
Discuss various classifications of hydropower plants.
3.a) Discuss the general arrangement for a hydropower project in
detail. Draw a neat sketch.
Describe the design specifications for intakes.
Explain the stability of surge tanks.
4.a) Show that the efficiency of a free jet striking normally as series of
flat plates mounted on the periphery of a wheel never exceeds 50%.
b) A jet of water moving at 15m/sec impinges on a symetrical
concave vane shaped to deflect the jet through 400. If the vane is
moving at 6m/sec, find the angle of the jet so that there is no
shock at inlet. Also determine the absolute velocity of exit in
magnitude and direction and the work done per unit weight of
5.a) Draw a neat sketch of a pelton wheel installation and briefly
indicate the functions of each component.
b) The following data refers to a pelton wheel. Net head = 250m; Speed
Ratio = 0.45, Nozzle coefficient 0.98; Jet Ratio 18; Over all
efficiency = 76%, Frenquency of generation = 50 hz and pairs of
poles of alternator = 6. Compute wheel diameter, jet diameter and
power output is kw.