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54107-mt----rf & microwave integrated circuits

54107-mt----rf & microwave integrated circuits

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Published by SRINIVASA RAO GANTA

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Published by: SRINIVASA RAO GANTA on Sep 19, 2008
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Code No: 54107/MT
M.Tech. \u2013 I Semester Supplementary Examinations,
September, 2008
RF & MICROWAVE INTEGRATED CIRCUITS
(VLSI & Embedded Systems)
Time: 3hours
Max. Marks:60
Answer any FIVE questions
All questions carry equal marks
- - -
1.a) Discuss the importance of \u2018Skin effect\u2019 in the design of
interconnects at Radio frequencies.
b)
Describe various planar constructions of spiral inductors at high
frequencies listing corresponding merits and demerits.

2.a) Design a single stage tuned amplifier for a minimum gain of 50 at a center frequency of 75 MHz to drive a purely capacitive load of 10pF.

The minimum 3 dB bandwidth of the tuned

amplifier driven from a source 50\u2126resistance should at least be 1 MHz. Assume a \u2018Q\u2019 of 200 for the external inductor at 75 MHz and that the self oscillating frequency of this inductor is large and can be neglected. Assume all the parameters necessary for the design.

b) List various characteristics significant in the operation of RF
mixers.
3.a) Describe the theory behind measurement of phase noise in a
voltage controlled oscillator circuit.
b) Write a brief note on microstrip resonators.
4.a) Draw the block diagram of a phase locked loop and briefly explain
the purpose of each of its blocks in PLL functioning.
b) Suggest the modifications in a classic PLL frequency synthesizer to
implement a fractional \u2013 N type frequency synthesizer.
5.a) Elaborate the concept of radiation, along with the performance
merits and design constraints, from a microstrip patch antenna.
b) Design a microstrip patch antenna for any assumed set of
specifications for inputs and outputs.
Contd\u2026.2

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