Code No: 54107/MT
M.Tech. \u2013 I Semester Supplementary Examinations,
RF & MICROWAVE INTEGRATED CIRCUITS
(VLSI & Embedded Systems)
Answer any FIVE questions
All questions carry equal marks
- - -
1.a) Discuss the importance of \u2018Skin effect\u2019 in the design of
interconnects at Radio frequencies.
Describe various planar constructions of spiral inductors at high
frequencies listing corresponding merits and demerits.
2.a) Design a single stage tuned amplifier for a minimum gain of 50 at
a center frequency of 75 MHz to drive a purely capacitive load of
The minimum 3 dB bandwidth of the tuned
driven from a source 50\u2126resistance should at least be 1 MHz.
Assume a \u2018Q\u2019 of 200 for the external inductor at 75 MHz and that
the self oscillating frequency of this inductor is large and can be
neglected. Assume all the parameters necessary for the design.
b) List various characteristics significant in the operation of RF
3.a) Describe the theory behind measurement of phase noise in a
voltage controlled oscillator circuit.
b) Write a brief note on microstrip resonators.
4.a) Draw the block diagram of a phase locked loop and briefly explain
the purpose of each of its blocks in PLL functioning.
b) Suggest the modifications in a classic PLL frequency synthesizer to
implement a fractional \u2013 N type frequency synthesizer.
5.a) Elaborate the concept of radiation, along with the performance
merits and design constraints, from a microstrip patch antenna.
b) Design a microstrip patch antenna for any assumed set of
specifications for inputs and outputs.