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Number System - Actual CAT Problems ‘99-’05Page

1

Number System

Actual CAT Problems 1999-2005

CAT 1999

1.Let a, b, c be distinct digits. Consider a two-digit number ‘ab’ and a three-digit number ‘ccb’, bothdefined under the usual decimal number system, if

2

(ab)ccb300,

= >

then the value of b isa. 1b. 0c. 5d. 62.The remainder when

84

7

is divided by 342 isa. 0b. 1c. 49d. 3413.If

x1n

+=

where x is the product of four consecutive positive integers, then which of the followingis/are true?A. n is oddB. n is primeC. n is a perfect squarea. A and C onlyb. A and B onlyc. A onlyd. None of these4.For two positive integers a and b define the function

h

(a,b) as the greatest common factor (G.C.F)of a, b. Let A be a set of n positive integers. G(A), the G.C.F of the elements of set A is computedby repeatedly using the function

h

. The minimum number of times

h

is required to be used tocompute G isa.

21

nb. (n

–

1)c. nd. None of these5.If n

2

= 12345678987654321, what is n?a. 12344321b. 1235789c. 111111111d. 11111111

Directions for questions 6 to 8:

Answer the questions based on the following information.There are 50 integers a

1

, a

2

…

a

50

, not all of them necessarily different. Let the greatest integer of these50 integers be referred to as G, and the smallest integer be referred to as L. The integers a

1

through a

24

formsequence S1, and the rest form sequence S2. Each member of S1 is less than or equal to each memberof S2.6.All values in S1 are changed in sign, while those in S2 remain unchanged. Which of the followingstatements is true?a. Every member of S1 is greater than or equal to every member of S2.b. G is in S1.c. If all numbers originally in S1 and S2 had the same sign, then after the change of sign, the largestnumber of S1 and S2 is in S1.d. None of the above

Number System - Actual CAT Problems

‘

99-

’

05Page

2

7.Elements of S1 are in ascending order, and those of S2 are in descending order. a

24

and a

25

areinterchanged. Then which of the following statements is true?a. S1 continues to be in ascending order.b. S2 continues to be in descending order.c. S1 continues to be in ascending order and S2 in descending order.d. None of the above8.Every element of S1 is made greater than or equal to every element of S2 by adding to each elementof S1 an integer x. Then x cannot be less thana. 2

10

b. the smallest value of S2c. the largest value of S2d. (G

–

L)

CAT 2000

9.Let D be a recurring decimal of the form D = 0. a

1

a

2

a

1

a

2

a

1

a

2

..., where digits a

1

and a

2

lie between0 and 9. Further, at most one of them is zero. Which of the following numbers necessarily producesan integer, when multiplied by D?a. 18b. 108c. 198d. 28810.Consider a sequence of seven consecutive integers. The average of the first five integers is n. Theaverage of all the seven integers isa. nb. n + 1c. k

×

n, where k is a function of nd.

2n7

+

11.Let S be the set of integers x such thatI.

100x200

≤ ≤

,II. x is odd andIII. x is divisible by 3 but not by 7.How many elements does S contain?a. 16b. 12c. 11d. 1312.Let x, y and z be distinct integers, that are odd and positive. Which one of the following statementscannot be true?a. xyz

2

is oddb. (x

–

y)

2

z is evenc. (x + y

–

z)

2

(x + y) is evend. (x

–

y)(y + z)(x + y

–

z) is odd13.Let S be the set of prime numbers greater than or equal to 2 and less than 100. Multiply all elementsof S. With how many consecutive zeros will the product end?a. 1b. 4c. 5d. 1014.What is the number of distinct triangles with integral valued sides and perimeter 14?a. 6b. 5c. 4d. 3

Number System - Actual CAT Problems

‘

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15.Let N = 1421

×

1423

×

1425. What is the remainder when N is divided by 12?a. 0b. 9c. 3d. 616.The integers 34041 and 32506, when divided by a three-digit integer n, leave the same remainder.What is the value of n?a. 289b. 367c. 453d. 30717.Each of the numbers

12n

x,x,,x,n4,

≥

L

is equal to 1 or

–

1. Suppose

123423453456n3n2n1nn2n1n1n1n12n123

xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx0,

− − − − − −

+ + + + + + + =

L

thena. n is evenb. n is oddc. n is an odd multiple of 3d. n is prime18.Sam has forgotten his friend

’

s seven-digit telephone number. He remembers the following: the firstthree digits are either 635 or 674, the number is odd, and the number 9 appears once. If Sam wereto use a trial and error process to reach his friend, what is the minimum number of trials he has tomake before he can be certain to succeed?a. 10,000b. 2,430c. 3,402d. 3,00619.Let N = 55

3

+ 17

3

–

72

3

. N is divisible bya. both 7 and 13b. both 3 and 13c. both 17 and 7d. both 3 and 1720.Convert the number 1982 from base 10 to base 12. The result isa. 1182b. 1912c. 1192d. 1292

CAT 2001

21.Let x, y and z be distinct integers. x and y are odd and positive, and z is even and positive. Whichone of the following statements cannot be true?a. y(x

–

z)

2

is evenb. y

2

(x

–

z) is oddc. y(x

–

z) is oddd. z(x

–

y)

2

is even22.In a four-digit number, the sum of the first 2 digits is equal to that of the last 2 digits. The sum of thefirst and last digits is equal to the third digit. Finally, the sum of the second and fourth digits is twicethe sum of the other 2 digits. What is the third digit of the number?a. 5b. 8c. 1d. 423.Anita had to do a multiplication. In stead of taking 35 as one of the multipliers, she took 53. As aresult, the product went up by 540. What is the new product?a. 1050b. 540c. 1440d. 159024.x and y are real numbers satisfying the conditions 2 < x < 3 and

–

8 < y <

–

7. Which of the followingexpressions will have the least value?a. x

2

yb. xy

2

c. 5xyd. None of these25.In a number system the product of 44 and 11 is 3414. The number 3111 of this system, whenconverted to the decimal number system, becomesa. 406b. 1086c. 213d. 691

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