134KINSEY: CRIMES & CONSEQUENCES •CHAPTER 7
(1925- ) focused on mutual coopera-tion, moral thinking, and social learn-ing as the child’s major objectives.Humanists Carl Rogers (1902-1987)and Abraham Maslow (1908-1970)stressed the child’s drive toward “self-actualization” as the motivating pur-pose. Learning theorist B.F. Skinnerviewed the child’s chief end as learn-ing reason and obedience. And matu-rational theorists Arnold Gesell (1880-1961) and Robert Havighurst (1900-1991) cited “normal” development andtask achievement as childhood goals. Alfred Kinsey alone argued that sexualsatisfaction was a childhood goal.
PART I: THE LITTLE BOY EXPERIMENTS
The number of male infants and young boys observed undergoing sexual stimulation, as reported inthe
volume, is between 317 and 1,739 (seven girls were similarly tested). The child-subjecttotals may be calculated several ways, depending on the manner in which chart figures are tallied. In
Ethical Issues in Sex Therapy
, Volume II (1980), influential sexologists Masters, Johnson, Kolodny,and Weems present a series of papers reprising the history of the research on the “Ethics of SexResearch Involving Children and the Mentally Retarded.” One important essay, by Albert Jonsenand J. Mann, states that Kinsey “included observational reports on the speed of reaching orgasm in1,888 boys, ages 5 months to adolescence, who were timed with a stop watch,” and “147 pre-adoles-cent” girls, for a total of 2,035 children.
The authors cite their “personal communication” withKinsey and co-author Wardell Pomeroy, who validated the 1,888 boys in the Kinsey reports.
Where could the Kinsey team have found from 1,746 to 2,035 boys and girls for “instrumentalmeasurement” of “erotic arousal” data, “timed with a stop watch,” from infancy to teen years, with-out parental objection? And what about Kinsey’s “trained observers”? The
volume tells usvirtually nothing, except,
Better data on pre-adolescent climax come from the histories of
have had sexual contacts with younger boys
and who, with their adult backgrounds, are able torecognize and interpret the boys’ experiences. Unfortunately, not all of the subjects withsuch contacts in their histories were questioned on this point of pre-adolescent reactions;but 9 of our adult male subjects have observed
such orgasm. Some of these adults aretechnically trained persons who have kept diaries or other records, which have been put atour disposal; and from them we have secured information on
317 pre-adolescents who were either observed in self-masturbation, or who were observed in contacts with otherboys or older
Indiana University's favorable publicity on behalf of Kinsey helped soidify hisposition as the head of the emerging field of human sexuality.