The field of Nondestructive Testing (NDT) is a very broad, that plays a critical role inassuring that structural components and systems perform their function in a reliable andcost effective fashion. NDT technicians and engineers define and implement tests thatlocate and characterize material conditions and flaws that might otherwise causeserious accidents such as, planes to crash, reactors to fail, trains to derail, pipelines toburst, and a variety of troubling events.These tests are performed in a manner that does not affect the future usefulness of theobject or material. In other words, NDT allows parts and materials to be inspected andevaluated without damaging them. Because it allows inspection without interfering witha product's final use, NDT provides an excellent balance between quality control andcosteffectiveness.
Nondestructive Evaluation (NDE) is a term that is often used interchangeably with NDT.However, technically, NDE is used to describe measurements that are more quantitativein nature. For example, a NDE method would not only locate a defect, but it would alsobe used to measure something about that defect such as its size, shape, andorientation. NDE may be used to determine material properties such as fracturetoughness, ductility, conductivity and other physical characteristics.
Uses of NDE
Flaw Detection and Evaluation
Leak Detection, Location Determination
Structure and Microstructure Characterization
Estimation of Mechanical and Physical Properties
Stress (Strain) and Dynamic Response Measurements
Material Sorting and Chemical Composition Determination