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Mechanical Vibrations

# Mechanical Vibrations

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07/23/2013

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436-431 MECHANICS 4
UNIT 2
MECHANICAL VIBRATION
J.M. KRODKIEWSKI
2008THE UNIVERSITY OF MELBOURNEDepartment of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering
.1

2
MECHANICAL VIBRATIONS
C
2008 by J.M. KrodkiewskiThe University of MelbourneDepartment of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering

CONTENTS
0.1 INTRODUCTION. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
I MODELLING AND ANALYSIS 7
1 MECHANICAL VIBRATION OF ONE-DEGREE-OF-FREEDOMLINEAR SYSTEMS 9
1.1 MODELLING OF ONE-DEGREE-OF-FREEDOM SYSTEM . . . . 91.1.1
Physical model
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91.1.2
Mathematical model
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 121.1.3
Problems
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 161.2 ANALYSIS OF ONE-DEGREE-OF-FREEDOM SYSTEM . . . . . . 281.2.1
Free vibration
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 281.2.2
Forced vibration
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 341.2.3
Problems
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44
2 MECHANICALVIBRATIONOFMULTI-DEGREE-OF-FREEDOMLINEAR SYSTEMS 66
2.1 MODELLING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 662.1.1
Physical model
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 662.1.2
Mathematical model
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 672.1.3
Problems
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 742.2 ANALYSIS OF MULTI-DEGREE-OF-FREEDOM SYSTEM . . . . . 932.2.1
General case
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 932.2.2
Modal analysis - case of small damping
. . . . . . . . . . 1022.2.3
Kinetic and potential energy functions - Dissipationfunction
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1092.2.4
Problems
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1122.3 ENGINEERING APPLICATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1512.3.1
Balancing of rotors
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1512.3.2
Dynamic absorber of vibrations
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 157
3 VIBRATION OF CONTINUOUS SYSTEMS 162
3.1 MODELLING OF CONTINUOUS SYSTEMS . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1623.1.1
Modelling of strings, rods and shafts
. . . . . . . . . . . 1623.1.2
Modelling of beams
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 166

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