CAD/CAM : Design, Analysis and Development of Squeeze Film Dampers for High SpeedMachines
M. Vani Sireesha S. AparnaDepartment of Mechanical Engineering (Industrial production)K.L. College of Engg. Green fields, Vaddeswaram; Guntur -522501.E-mail: y2ip227_sireesha @yahoo.co.in,
Present day state of the art in the design of turbo machines has given much scope to the flexible rotor bearing system. The most recurring problem in rotor dynamics is the excessive steady state synchronous vibration levels.Squeeze film dampers (SFD) are the essential components of high-speed turbo machines since they offer theadvantage of dissipation of vibration energy and hence prevent rotor dynamic instabilities. A squeeze filmdamper is used between the bearing and its foundation to reduce the unbalance forces transmitted to the pedestal by introducing an additional damping and there by reduce the amplitude of vibration to acceptablelimit. This work highlights the design and development of squeeze film dampers for high-speed machines in amore generic way. The first phase of the work involves the study of the effect of SFD on rotor dynamics based onthe parameters like, Damping ratio, Logarithmic decrement and Transmissibility. A theoretical model is generated incorporating the said parameters. The dynamic analysis, which is of two fold, is carried out using ARMD software. The rotor dynamic effects are found without SFD and with SFD. The second phase of the work deals with experimental investigation on a journal-bearing test rig with SFD supports up to a speed of 1800rpm. At the end, the vibrations obtained through theoretical analysis and experimental investigations aretabulated. It is concluded that vibration levels are reduced using SFD for the specified optimum inputs.
Squeeze film dampers, Damping ratio, Logarithmic decrement Transmissibility, Advanced Rotor Machine Dynamics (ARMD) Software.
h = Film thickness, μ = Coefficient of friction U = Shaft surface speed C = Radial clearance ν = Kinematic viscosity, K
= Stiffness coefficientsc
= Horizontal clearance ω = Angular velocity D
= Damping coefficientsc
= Vertical clearance E = Power lossє = Eccentricity ratio Q = Heat flowe = Eccentricity P = Pressure