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Active front steering

Active front steering

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Published by IQPC GmbH
Active front steering (AFS) is technology designed to make the front wheels turn a certain number of degrees in accordance with the speed of the vehicle. The slower the speed, the greater number of degrees the wheels are turned per degree of movement of the steering wheel; more front wheel turning is required than at higher speeds.

Read more about steering here: http://bit.ly/steering-articles
Active front steering (AFS) is technology designed to make the front wheels turn a certain number of degrees in accordance with the speed of the vehicle. The slower the speed, the greater number of degrees the wheels are turned per degree of movement of the steering wheel; more front wheel turning is required than at higher speeds.

Read more about steering here: http://bit.ly/steering-articles

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Published by: IQPC GmbH on Jul 28, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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06/08/2013

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- 1 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------IQPC GmbH
 
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Friedrichstr. 94 | D-10117 Berlin, Germanyt: +49 (0) 30 2091 3330 | f: +49 (0) 30 2091 3263 | e: eq@iqpc.de | w: www.iqpc.deVisit IQPC for a portfolio of topic-related events, congresses, seminars and conferences: www.iqpc.de
Active front steering
Basic system
Active front steering (AFS) is technology designed to make the front wheels turn a certainnumber of degrees in accordance with the speed of the vehicle. It was originally developedby Bavarian Motor Works (BMW) in 2003 and the ZF Lenksysteme method used is prettymuch the same used in the AFS of other cars. The slower the speed, the greater number of degrees the wheels are turned per degree of movement of the steering wheel; more frontwheel turning is required than at higher speeds. This prevents over and under-steering, as inparking situations or high speed highway driving, when the former involves more turning of the wheels and the latter does not. One stark example is locking the steering wheel afterparking. It should take less than half a turn. In normal vehicles, it can take more than twoturns of the steering wheel to lock, as opposed to AFS, where fewer than two turns is needed.Sensors located in the steering column and detecting steering angle recognize where thedriver wants to go and activate the AFS. If the electronics shuts down, the planetary gear inthe differential controlled by the AFS is locked, and fixed ratio steering takes over. In theevent of a planetary gear problem conventional steering then takes over, as there is a secondshaft running from the steering rack running from the to the planetary gear assembly.A typical AFS looks like the following:[1]
 
 
- 2 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------IQPC GmbH
 
|
 
Friedrichstr. 94 | D-10117 Berlin, Germanyt: +49 (0) 30 2091 3330 | f: +49 (0) 30 2091 3263 | e: eq@iqpc.de | w: www.iqpc.deVisit IQPC for a portfolio of topic-related events, congresses, seminars and conferences: www.iqpc.de
with a detailed configuration being:[2]1. Main gear2. Servotronic valve3. AFS actuator including the synchronous motor4. Upper position gear system5. AFS electronic control system with the AFS Electronic Control Unit (ECU)6. Motor angle sensor7. Electromagnetic locking unit8. Pinion angle sensor9. Steering pump10. Oil reservoir with filter11. HosesOther: Respective electrical connections of the ECU and the required software modules
 
 
- 3 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------IQPC GmbH
 
|
 
Friedrichstr. 94 | D-10117 Berlin, Germanyt: +49 (0) 30 2091 3330 | f: +49 (0) 30 2091 3263 | e: eq@iqpc.de | w: www.iqpc.deVisit IQPC for a portfolio of topic-related events, congresses, seminars and conferences: www.iqpc.de
The typical motor and electromagnetic locking units is:and the AFS actuator:[3]
 Active front steering and driveline dynamics functions
Two methods exist for steering adjustment, the ZF Lenksysteme approach and the Ackermanmethod. With the ZF Lenksysteme the variable steering ratio (VSR) is the ratio between thesteering wheel angle and the average road wheel angle and this is changed in accordancewith the driving environment, as a function of such factors as velocity. The VSR also dependsupon the pinion gear angles, or the rack displacement, it being less at higher speeds thanlower ones. This means more precision for smaller steering angles and reduced steeringeffort at larger steering angles [4]. This system has steering lead function (SLF) that adapts

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