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Table Of Contents

1. INTRODUCTION
1.1 Reference
2. PHIMOSIS
2.1 Background
2.2 Diagnosis
2.3 Treatment
2.4 References
3. CRYPTORCHIDISM
3.1 Background
3.2 Diagnosis
3.3 Treatment
3.3.1 Medical therapy
3.3.2 Surgery
3.4 Prognosis
4. HYDROCELE
4.1 Background
4.2 Diagnosis
4.3 Treatment
4.4 References
5. ACUTE SCROTUM IN CHILDREN
5.4.3 Androgen levels
5.4.4 Testicular cancer
5.4.5 Nitric oxide
5.5 Perinatal torsion
5.6 References
6. HYPOSPADIAS
6.1 Background
6.1.1 Risk factors
6.2 Diagnosis
6.3 Treatment
6.3.1 Age at surgery
6.3.2 Penile curvature
6.3.3 Preservation of the well-vascularised urethral plate
6.3.4 Re-do hypospadias repairs
6.3.5 Urethral reconstruction
6.3.6 Urine drainage and wound dressing
6.3.7 Outcome
6.4 References
7. CONgENITAL PENILE CURvATURE
7.1 Background
7.2 Diagnosis
7.3 Treatment
7.4 References
8. vARICOCELE IN CHILDREN AND ADOLESCENTS
8.1 Background
8.2 Diagnosis
8.3 Therapy
8.4 References
9. MICROPENIS
9.1 Background
9.2 Diagnosis
9.3 Treatment
9.4 References
10. DAYTIME LOwER URINARY TRACT CONDITIONS
10.1 Background
10.2 Definition
10.2.1 Filling-phase dysfunctions
10.2.2 Voiding-phase (emptying) dysfunctions
10.3 Diagnosis
10.4 Treatment
10.4.1 Standard therapy
10.4.2 Specific interventions
10.5 References
11. MONOSYMPTOMATIC ENURESIS
11.1 Background
11.2 Definition
11.3 Diagnosis
11.4 Treatment
11.4.1 Supportive treatment measures
11.4.2 Alarm treatment
11.4.3 Medication
11.5 References
12. MANAgEMENT OF NEUROgENIC BLADDER IN CHILDREN
12.1 Background
12.2 Definition
12.3 Classification
12.4 Urodynamic studies
12.4.1 Method of urodynamic study
12.4.2 Uroflowmetry
12.4.3 Cystometry
12.5 Management
12.5.1 Investigations
12.5.2 Early management with intermittent catheterisation
12.5.3 Medical therapy
12.5.3.1 Botulinum toxin injections
12.5.4 Management of bowel incontinence
12.5.5 Urinary tract infection
12.5.6 Sexuality
12.5.7 Bladder augmentation
12.5.8 Bladder outlet procedures
12.5.9 Continent stoma
12.5.10 Total bladder replacement
12.5.11 Lifelong follow-up of neurogenic bladder patients
12.6 References
13.1 Background
13.2 Diagnosis
13.2.1 Antenatal ultrasound
13.2.2 Postnatal ultrasound
13.2.3 Voiding cystourethrogram (VCUG)
13.2.4 Diuretic renography
13.3 Treatment
13.3.1 Prenatal management
13.3.2 UPJ obstruction
13.4 Megaureter
13.5 Conclusion
13.6 References
14. vESICOURETERIC REFLUX IN CHILDREN
14.1 Background
14.2 Diagnostic work-up
14.2.1 Infants presenting because of prenatally diagnosed hydronephrosis
14.2.2 Siblings and offspring of reflux patients
14.2.3 Children with febrile UTI
14.2.4 Children with LUTS and VUR
14.3 Treatment
14.3.1 Conservative therapy
14.3.1.1 Follow-up
14.3.1.2 Continuous antibiotic prophylaxis (CAP)
14.3.2 Interventional treatment
14.3.2.1 Subureteric injection of bulking materials
14.3.2.2 Results of Endoscopic anti-reflux procedures
14.3.2.3 Open surgical techniques
14.3.2.4 Laparoscopy
14.4 Recommendations for the management of vUR in childhood
14.5 References
15. URINARY STONE DISEASE
15.1 Background
15.2.1 Calcium stones
15.2.2 Uric acid stones
15.2.3 Cystine stones
15.2.4 Infection stones (struvite stones)
15.3 Clinical presentation
15.4 Diagnosis
15.4.1 Imaging
15.4.2 Metabolic evaluation
15.5 Management
15.5.1 Extracorporeal shock-wave lithotripsy (ESWL)
15.5.2 Percutaneous nephrolithotomy
15.5.3 Ureterorenoscopy
15.5.4 Open stone surgery
15.6 References
16. OBSTRUCTIvE PATHOLOgY OF RENAL DUPLICATION: URETEROCELE AND ECTOPIC URETER
16.1 Background
16.1.1 Ureterocele
16.1.2 Ectopic ureter
16.2 Classification
16.2.1 Ectopic ureterocele
16.2.2 Orthotopic ureterocele
16.2.3 Caecoureterocele
16.3 Diagnosis
16.3.1 Ureterocele
16.3.2 Ectopic ureter
16.4 Treatment
16.4.1 Ureterocele
16.4.1.1 Early diagnosis
16.4.1.2 Re-evaluation
16.4.2 Ectopic ureter
16.5 References
17. DISORDERS OF SEX DEvELOPMENT
17.1 Background
17.2 The neonatal emergency
17.2.1 Family history and clinical examination
17.2.2 Choice of laboratory investigations
17.3 gender assignment
17.4 Role of the paediatric urologist
17.4.1 Diagnosis
17.4.1.1 Clinical examination
17.4.1.2 Investigations
17.5 Management
17.5.1 Feminising surgery
17.5.2 Masculinising surgery
17.6 References
18. POSTERIOR URETHRAL vALvES
18.1 Background
18.2 Classification
18.2.1 Urethral valve
18.3 Diagnosis
18.4 Treatment
18.4.1 Antenatal treatment
18.4.2 Postnatal treatment
18.5 References
19. ABBREvIATIONS USED IN THE TEXT
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Paediatric Urology

Paediatric Urology

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Published by: shwanahmed1 on Jul 28, 2011
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12/31/2012

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