WATER SUPPLY BY SOLOAR THERMAL EVAPORATION METHOD
1. BECOME INDEPENDENT
Even though water is available in sufficient quantities all around the world, there isdefinitely a shortage of potable water in many countries. And due to our exploitation of natural resources this shortage is steadily growing.To overcome this problem, especially the Gulf Countries, but even so many other of theindustrialized nations, use a lot of nonrenewable energy from their oil or gas resources toproduce desalinated water from seawater in multi-effect evaporators, or run highlysophisticated osmosis units, which are depending on high voltage energy. In fact, someof these huge desalination plants will only go along with their own power stations, fed byeither oil or gas.All these high-skilled operations, consuming large amounts of energy are solelyconstructed, being built, operated and serviced by global operating and purely economicorientated industry-pools, which goal it is to make themselves indispensable and tosecure a long term dependency of their technology and their services.Their policy is to ensure the clients that these methods are to be considered the mostpractical way of desalinating seawater, since the shortage of drinking water securing ademand orientated pricing for them, whereas the real costs are always being calculatedand hidden within the relatively “cheep” supply of oil or gas in the producing countries.But if we now take into consideration that there is, and always has been, a God-givenenergy resource that is totally free of charge – all this is a rather naive assessment of thesituation and only serves the interest of a global operating industry, operating in amanner as if there is never an end in sight.Naturally the shortage of potable water occurs at places of high solar radiation and againmost pressing during hot summer month of maximum solar radiation.Would it not only be natural to use this solar energy for water desalination? It is in fact aprocess which has taken place ever since the sun shone on this earth. Or does the raintastes salty? Solar desalination could be the most successful application of solar energy,together with solar air conditioning, in hot climate countries.So why not bringing back this knowledge, that goes back to the fourth century BC, whenGreek sailors used to obtain drinking water from seawater. The very first work publishedon desalination was that of an Arab alchemist in 1551.Why not bringing back this knowledge where it is needed most, where it belongs?
DE-REGULATED SEAWATER DESALINATION AS A CHANCE FOR WATER SUPPLY
2. THE WATER-WEB
The provisions of drinking and utility water from seawater have become a globalchallenge, and people around the world are working on innovative technologies andprocesses to make water resources sufficiently available. Around 13.000 major seawaterdesalination plants are currently operating and producing a total of 3 Billion cubic metersof drinking water per day with an upward tendency. Seawater desalination has developedinto a worldwide growth market where the need dictates the prices.
Ever since the 1970s, modern desalination processes have been developed ininternational, large scale research projects. Throughout the years it was mainly Germancompanies and research institutes that laid the foundation for this rapid development of seawater desalination with innovative methods and technologies. But in the recent years,nations like Korea, Italy, the UK, France, USA and Japan have caught up on thetechnology and are dominating the world market. Still German companies have alwayshad a considerable knowhow in the field of seawater desalination, especially when itcomes to using alternative energy methods.