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Higher Education in a Warming World

Higher Education in a Warming World

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Published by: ICICP on Jul 28, 2011
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HigherEducationinaWarmingWorld
The Business Case forClimate Leadership on Campus
By David J. Eagan, Julian Keniry and Justin SchottWith Praween Dayananda, Kristy M. Jones and Lisa Madry
Highlighting the business, educational and moral argumentsfor reducing greenhouse gas emissions on campus,with best practices from U.S. colleges and universities.
The Campus Ecology programof the National Wildlife Federationpromotes climate leadership andsustainability among colleges anduniversities by providing resourcesand technical support, creatingnetworking opportunities andorganizing educational events.
 
National Wildlife Federation
11100 Wildlife Center Dr.Reston, VA 20190(703) 438-6000campus@nwf.orgwww.CampusEcology.org
COVER IMAGES LEFT TO RIGHT:
LEED-certifiedDavid Letterman Communication and Media Building,Ball State University, Indiana — courtesy Ball StateUniversity Photo Services. Photovoltaic array(50 kilowatts) at Santa Clara University in California— by Charles Barry, SCU photographer.Red fox in summer — Corbis.
If you choose to print this document, pleaseminimize its carbon footprint by usingchlorine-free, high post-consumer contentpaper (30% or higher), if possible. Please reuseor recycle the printed document and recycle yourprinter toner cartridges.
Design and production by Linda Rapp
© 2008
 
HIGHER EDUCATION IN A WARMING WORLD
1
I
Contents
Acknowledgments. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41. The National Wildlife Federation and Global Warming. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52. What Climate Science Tells Us. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63. Higher Education and the Case for Climate Action . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81. U.S. higher education: Size, economics and values . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82. Campus climate footprint: Built space and greenhouse gas emissions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103. Opportunities for the future: Taking the long view. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11Returns on investment. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12Hedging against uncertainty. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12Educational, research and career opportunities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 144. Stepping Up: Strategies for Climate Action. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 151. Establish an institutional commitment to reduce greenhouse gas emissions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 162. Build a climate action team. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 173. Conduct a greenhouse gas inventory. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 184. Develop and implement a climate action plan. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20Top 5 for a Fast Start . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 215. Implementing Climate Action Solutions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 241. Energy efficiency . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 252. On-campus clean and renewable energy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 263. Fuel switching, cogeneration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 334. Green buildings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 345. Transportation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 366. Behavior and Education . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 377. Purchasing renewable energy credits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 398. Campus habitat. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 416. Financing Climate Action . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43Performance contracts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44Utility and government incentives. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45Student self-assessed fees. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46Revolving loan funds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46Other creative sources for funding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 477. Support from NWF for Climate Leadership. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49A Call to Action. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50Appendix A - Top 5 for a Fast Start . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51Endnotes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53

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