Raksha Technical Bulletin June 2011, 2:11-17
Diagnosis and correction of uterine torsion in cattle and buffaloes
G N Purohit, Yogesh Barolia, Chandra Shekhar and Pramod Kumar Department of Veterinary Gynecology and ObstetricsCollege of Veterinary and Animal ScienceRajasthan University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences Bikaner, Rajasthan
The clinical findings, diagnostic approach and correction of uterine torsion in cattleand buffaloes are described. Retrospective analysis of uterine torsion in cattle and buffaloes at our centre is also mentioned.
: Buffaloes, cattle, cesarean section, rolling, uterine torsion.
:Uterine torsion is one of the frequent maternal causes of dystocia in river buffaloesand cows that commonly occurs near parturition and less commonly duringgestation. The entire length of the pregnant uterine horn rotates on its longitudinalaxis to the left (anti-clockwise) or right side (clockwise). The fetus and itsmembranes also rotate with the uterus; there is compression of the blood supply tothe fetus, hemorrhage or seepage of blood in the alantoic cavity and resultant deathof the fetus
. Since uterine torsion frequently occurs during parturition, the birth canal is occluded because of twisting and delivery of fetus cannot occur.Uterine torsion is a diagnostic dilemma for veterinarians and a difficult obstetric procedure for less experienced persons. The diagnostic criterion and correction procedures are mentioned here.
hen uterine torsion occurs at the time of parturition the first clinical findingnoticed by animal owners is non-progression of labor. The animal may show signsof parturition with frequent getting up and lying down, colic pain but in most of thecases the labor does not progress and neither fetal bags, fetal fluids or fetus itself appear at the birth canal. The degree of torsion may vary from 90
.Depending upon the degree of torsion the chances of presence of fetus in the birth