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Troost Community Book Complete

Troost Community Book Complete

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Published by frpaisius

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Published by: frpaisius on Jul 29, 2011
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 Troost Avenue: a Study in Community BuildingSubmitted by: Fr. David AltschulFaculty Advisor: Musa D. Ilu, Ph.D.Sociology/Social Work Central Missouri State UniversityApril 26, 2005
 
i
TROOST AVENUE: A STUDY IN COMMUNITY BUILDIN
G
Table of Contents Acknowledgments
iii
 
Introduction
1
Part I: Historical Overview of Troost Avenu
e 1
 Definition of Troost 
1
 Beginning of Troost Avenue: 1840s to 1920s
2
 Le Soldat du Chene and the Osage Nation
2
 Dr. Benoist Troost 
 
and his times
5
Millionaire’s Row
5
 Plantation on Troost 
5
The Richest Man in Kansas City
6
Webster Withers and Troost Transition
6
 Life on Troost: 1920s and 1930s
7
 Businesses on 31
 st 
and Troost Avenue
7
 Businesses near 31
 st 
and Troost 
7
The South Central Business Association
8
Walt Disney on Troost 
9
Walt Bodine on Troost 
11
 Jazz on Troost 
12
Congregations near Troost in the 1920s and 1930s
14
St. Vincent De Paul Roman Catholic Church
14
The Greek Orthodox Church of the Annunciation
15
 Jewish Congregations
17
Congregation Beth Shalom
17
Congregation B’nai Jehudah & Rabbi Samuel Mayerberg 
17
Second Church of Christ, Scientist 
20
 Paseo Baptist Church & Rev. D. A. Holmes
20
Troost during Jim Crow and the Civil Rights movement 
21
 Jim Crow in Kansas City
22
 Northward Migration for African Americans
23
Troost as a dividing line
24
1.
 
 Housing and Welfare reports linking “place, race, and culture”
25
 2.
 
 Racial restrictive covenants
26
 3.
 
 J.C. Nichols and homeowner associations
27
 
4.
 
 Real estate blockbusting as a catalyst for neighborhood transition 29
 
5.
 
 Housing disinvestment (“redlining”) by lending institutions
30
 6.
 
Segregative school action by the KCMO School District 
31
 Troost during Civil Rights Movement 
32
Troost under Urban Renewal 
33
Ghost Town
33
 Root Shock 
33
Troost Revival: FOCUS: Kansas City; Hands across Troost 
34
Where FOCUS has unfinished business
36
 
ii
Table of Contents (continued)
Part II: Moving from History to a New Community
36
 Prejudice, Stereotypes, Racism and Discrimination
36
 Definitions
36
 How institutional discrimination & white privilege reinforce old divisions
36
 Neighborhood Associations
39
Gentrification and community
42
 Definition of Gentrification
42
 Reflections on Gentry and the Value of Person
43
Community: Raising the Gentrification Consciousness
46
 A New Community
47
Troost Avenue Festival: a Catalyst for Community
48
 Brief Chronicle of a Community Building Event 
49
 Hope for the Future
51
Conclusion
51
Addendum 1
: Troost Avenue: a Study in Prejudice Reduction 53
References
62

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