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Basic Inorganic Nomenclature FOR IIT-JEE ENTRANCE TEST by S.K.sinha See Chemistry Animations at sinhalab.com

Basic Inorganic Nomenclature FOR IIT-JEE ENTRANCE TEST by S.K.sinha See Chemistry Animations at sinhalab.com

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MASTERING CHEMISTRY By--
 
S.K.SINHA
H.O-2 N 12 Rangbari Yojana , Kota B.O-1D 10 Talwandi main Road, KotaPh-0744-2407906 Mo-93149-05055.
1
Language of Inorganic 
INORGANIC NOMENCLATURE
Common Cations 
Names SymbolsLithium ion, sodium ion, etc. Li
+
, Na
+
, K
+
, Rb
+
, Cs
+
 Beryllium ion, magnesium ion, etc. Be
2+
, Mg
2+
, Ca
2+
, Sr
2+
, Ba
2+
 Hydronium ion H
+
 Aluminum ion Al
3+
Iron(II), Iron(III) Fe
2+
, Fe
3+
 Copper(I), Copper(II) Cu
+
, Cu
2+
Silver ion Ag
+
 Mercury(I), Mercury(II) Hg
22+
, Hg
2+
Lead(II), Lead(IV) Pb
2+
, Pb
4+
 Ammonium ion NH
4+
Cadmium ion Cd
2+
 Zinc ion Zn
2+
Nickel(II), Nickel(IV) Ni
2+
, Ni
4+
 Gold(I), Gold(IV) Au
+
, Au
4+
Cobalt(II), Cobalt(III) Co
2+
, Co
3+
 Tin(II), Tin(IV) Sn
2+
, Sn
4+
Chromium(II), Chromium(III) Cr
2+
, Cr
3+
 
Common Monatomic Anions 
Name Symbol Name Symbol Name SymbolHydride H
-
Iodide I
-
Telluride Te
2-
 Fluoride F
-
Oxide O
2-
Nitride N
3-
 Chloride Cl
-
Sulfide S
2-
Phosphide P
3-
 Bromide Br
-
Selinide Se
2-
Arsenide As
3-
 
Common Polyatomic Anions 
Name Formula Name Formula Name FormulaNitrate NO
3-
Sulfate SO
42-
Nitrite NO
2-
 Permanganate MnO
4-
Carbonate CO
32-
Dichromate Cr
2
O
72-
 Hydroxide OH
-
Chromate CrO
42-
Sulfite SO
32-
 Cyanide CN
-
Phosphate PO
43-
Chlorite ClO
2-
 Perchlorate ClO
4-
Peroxide O
22-
Hypochlorite ClO
-
 Thiocyanate SCN
-
Chlorate ClO
3-
Acetate C
2
H
3
O
2-
 Bicarbonate HCO
3-
Bisulfate HSO
4-
Arsenate AsO
43-
Oxalate C
2
O
42-
Bromate BrO
3-
 
Common Acids 
Sulfuric H
2
SO
4
Perchloric HClO
4
Hydrocyanic HCNPhosphoric H
3
PO
4
Chloric HClO
3
Chlorous HClO
2
 Nitric HNO
3
Hydrobromic HBr Hypochlorous HClOHydrochloric HCl Hydroiodic HI Nitrous HNO
2
 
Common Bases 
Lithium hydroxide LiOH Magnesium hydroxideMg(OH)
2
 Sodium hydroxide NaOH Calcium hydroxide Ca(OH)
2
 Potassium hydroxide KOH Strontium hydroxide Sr(OH)
2
 Cesium hydroxide CsOH Rubidium hydroxide RbOH
 
MASTERING INORGANIC CHEMISTRY By--
 
S.K.SINHA
 
H.O-2 N 12 Rangbari Yojana , Kota B.O-1D 10 Talwandi main Road, KotaPh-0744-2407906 Mo-93149-05055.
2
CHEMISTRY OXIDATION NUMBERS: CATIONS 
1+
Name Symbol Name Symbolammonium NH
4+
dichlorotetramminecobalt (III) Co(NH
3
)
4
Cl
2+
cesium Cs
+
hydrogen H
+
copper (I) (cuprous) Cu
+
gold (I) (aurous) Au
+
diamminesilver (I) Ag(NH
3
)
2+
hydronium H
3
O
+
 indium (I) In
+
lithium Li
+
 potassium K
+
silver Ag
+
 sodium Na
+
thallium Tl
+
 
2+
Name Symbol Name Symbolbarium Ba
2+
chloropentamminecobalt (III) Co(NH
3
)
5
Cl
22+
beryllium Be
2+
calcium Ca
2+
iridium (II) Ir
2+
chromium (II) (chromous) Cr
2+
tetramminecopper (II) Cu(NH
3
)
42+
cobalt (II) (cobaltous) Co
2+
 copper (II) (cupric) Cu
2+
iron (II) (ferrous) Fe
2+
 magnesium Mg
2+
lead (II) (plumbous) Pb
2+
 platinum (II) Pt
2+
manganese (II) (manganous) Mn
2+
 strontium Sr
2+
mercury (I) (mercurous) Hg
22+
 tin (II) Sn
2+
mercury (II) (mercuric) Hg
2+
 titanium (II) Ti
2+
nickel (II) (nickelous) Ni
2+
 tungsten (II) W
2+
vanadium (II) V
2+
 zinc Zn
2+
zirconium Zr
2+
 
3+
Name Symbol Name Symbolaluminum Al
3+
hexamminecobalt (III) Co(NH
3
)
63+
boron B
3+
antimony (III) (antimonous) Sb
3+
gallium (III) Ga
3+
arsenic (III) (arsenous) As
3+
gold (III) (auric) Au
3+
cerium (III) (cerrous) Ce
3+
 indium (III) In
3+
chromium (III) (chromic) Cr
3+
 iridium (III) Ir
3+
cobalt (III) (cobaltic) Co
3+
 iron (III) (ferric) Fe
3+
manganese (III) Mn
3+
 phosporus (III) P
3+
rhodium (III) Rh
3+
 thallium (III) Tl
3+
uranium (III) U
3+
 titanium (III) Ti
3+
vanadium (III) V
3+
 
4+
Name Symbol Name Symbolgermanium (IV) Ge
4+
cerium (IV) (cerroussic) Ce
4+
iridium (IV) Ir
4+
lead (IV) (plumbic) Pb
4+
platinum (IV) Pt
4+
thorium (IV) Th
4+
titanium (IV) Ti
4+
tin (IV) (stannic) Sn
4+
 tungsten (IV) W
4+
uranium (IV) U
4+
 vanadium (IV) V
4+
zirconium (IV) Zr
4+
 
5+
Name Symbol Name Symbolbismuth Bi
5+
antimony (V) (antimonic) Sb
5+
phosphorus (V) P
5+
arsenic (V) (arsenic) As
5+
 
 
MASTERING CHEMISTRY By--
 
S.K.SINHA
H.O-2 N 12 Rangbari Yojana , Kota B.O-1D 10 Talwandi main Road, KotaPh-0744-2407906 Mo-93149-05055.
3tungsten (V) W
5+
uranium (V) U
5+
vanadium (V) V
5+
CHEMISTRY OXIDATION NUMBERS: ANIONS 
1-
Name Symbol Name Symbolacetate CH
3
COO
-
amide NH
2-
azide N
3-
benzoate C
6
H
5
COO
-
 bromate BrO
3-
bromide Br
-
 chlorate ClO
3-
chloride Cl
-
 cyanate OCN
-
cyanide CN
-
 fluoride F
-
dihydrogen phosphate H
2
PO
4-
 formate HCOO
-
hydride H
-
 hypochlorite ClO
-
hydrogen carbonate (bicarbonate) HCO
3-
 iodate IO
3-
hydrogen sulfide HS
-
 iodide I
-
(bisulfide or hydrosulfide)nitrate NO
3-
hydroxide (hydoxyl when aqueous) OH
-
 nitrite NO
2-
perchlorate ClO
4-
 permanganate MnO
4-
thiocyanate (thiocyanato) SCN
-
 triiodide I
3-
vanadate VO
3-
 chlorite ClO
2-
hydrogen sulfate (bisulfate) HSO
4-
 
2-
Name Symbol Name Symbolcarbide (saltlike) C
22-
carbonate CO
32-
 chromate CrO
42-
dichromate Cr
2
O
72-
 imide NH
2-
hexachloroplatinate (IV) PtCl
62-
 manganate MnO
42-
hexafluorosilicate SlF
62-
 metasilicate SiO
32-
monohydrogen phosphate HPO
42-
 oxalate C
2
O
42-
oxide O
2-
 peroxide O
22-
peroxydisulfate S
2
O
82-
 phthalate C
8
H
4
O
42-
polysulfide S
x2-
 selenate SeO
42-
sulfate SO
42-
 sulfide S
2-
sulfite SO
32-
 tartrate C
4
H
4
O
62-
tellurate TeO
42-
 tetraborate B
4
O
72-
thiosulfate S
2
O
32-
 tungstate WO
42-
zincate ZnO
22-
 
3-
aluminate AlO
33-
arsenate AsO
43-
 borate BO
33-
citrate C
6
H
5
O
73-
 nitride N
3-
hexacyanoferrate (III) Fe(CN)
63-
 phosphate PO
43-
(ferricyanide)phosphide P
3-
 
4-
 carbide (covalent) C
4-
hexacyanoferrate (II) Fe(CN)
64-
 orthosilicate SlO
44-
(ferrocyanide)pyrophosphate (diphosphate) P
2
O
74-
 
5-
 tripolyphosphate P
3
O
105-

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