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IRSTE Emerging Trends in Indian Railway Signalling Seminar Book

IRSTE Emerging Trends in Indian Railway Signalling Seminar Book

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Published by Ruve Baba
Railway Signal Engineering Seminar
Railway Signal Engineering Seminar

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Published by: Ruve Baba on Sep 20, 2008
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12/29/2012

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EMERGING TRENDS IN SIGNALLINGON INDIAN RAILWAYS
by
Shri K.K.BAJPAYEE 
 Adviser (Signal),Railway Board
Railway Signalling systems world over are provided not only to make optimum useof the existing line capacity , but also to provide safe train operation by reducing human dependence. Now in the 21st century , modern signalling systems provide ananswer for a reliable, safe and viable train operations. Large scale induction of modernsignalling systems for train control are expected to pave the way for higher levels of speed, safety and passenger comforts in train operations. It is expected that important routes on IR will be equipped with ATP system or its variants like ATC, ETCS etcduring the next decade or so. These routes will be worked on automatic block signalling system with majority of the stations equipped with solid state interlockings. This paper briefly outlines various safety related signalling systems, which play asignificant role in safe, speedier and efficient train operation.
1.INTRODUCTION
1.1Railways started in India with the first historical train journey between Bori Bunderand Thane in 1853. The railway network thereafter was gradually introduced inmany other parts of the country. However, initially for about 40 years the trainswere run on messages or candle light signals without any signalling and interlockingarrangements. The concept of signaling and interlocking was first introduced on28 crossing stations between Lahore and Ghaziabad in the country in 1892. Colourlight signaling was introduced on Indian Railways by GIP Railways in 1928 betweenBombay VT and Byculla stations. The pace of modernization of signaling , however,picked up only after independence.1.2Today, over 82% of total 6853 stations on Indian Railways are provided with someform of signalling and interlocking arrangements. Over 54% of total interlockedstations on Indian Railways are now provided with colour light signalling. IndianRailways have a multiple gauge network of 63,028 route kms., out of which about16001 route kms. is electrified.1.3With the rapid growth of passenger and goods traffic and its requirement forspeedier and safe movement, the need for a modern railway signalling system has become imperative. Today signalling arrangements are required to provide,inter alia, the following :-
1SESSION - I
 
i)Safety enhancement and efficient and safe train controlii)Line capacity Enhancementiii)Real time train running information1.4With the increasing role of railway signalling in train operation and availability of modern technologies, the signalling arrangements are poised for a quantum jumpin the next 20-25 years. Many a new device and system are being contemplated. Inthis paper, an attempt has been made to present glimpses of various modernsignalling arrangements which are currently being considered/provided and whichare likely to be introduced in a big way in signalling installations in next 20-25years.
2.SAFETY ENHANCEMENT BY SIGNALLING
2.1Today, Indian Railways (IR) have a multiple gauge network of 63028 route kms,of which 16001 route kms is electrified. The total investment in the system isRs.633410 Millions ( about $ 1.32 Billion) . During the last 50 years, passenger traffichas increased by 350% and freight traffic has increased by 450% whereas the routelength has increased by only 17%. This has been achieved by steady increase inproductivity of assets wherein capacity enhancement measures, signalling andtelecommunication has played an important role.It is a well known fact that application of modern signalling enhances safety byreducing human element in train operation.Signalling systems can be of great help in preventing accident at stations, levelcrossings and in block sections.The areas wherein Signalling can prevent accidents are as follows:-i)Accident prevention at station.ii)Accident prevention in Block Station.iii)Accident Prevention at Level Crossing.2.2Analysis of accidents in the last 5 years shows that about 54 % of aacidents due tocollisions, occur at stations. However many serious collisions have also takenplace in block sections. Accidents at level crossing gates are other area of concernfor Indian Railways. Signalling systems that can prevent these incidences are as below:(i)Components of Safety Systems at Stations:Interlocking Systems - Panel/RouteRelay/ElectronicTrack Circuiting (D.C as well as Audio Frequency T.C.)Colour Light Signalling
2SESSION - I
 
Cab SignallingAxle CountersIntegrated Power SupplyData LoggersAuxiliary Warning System (Automatic Train Protection Systems)(ii)Components of Safety Systems at Block SectionsConventional Block working systemsContinuous Track Circuiting in block sections (using D.C./A.F.T.C./AxleCounters)Block Proving by Axle Counters (BPAC)Automatic Block SignallingAuxilliary Warning systemsAnti Collision Device(iii)Components of Safety Systems at L xing gates:InterlockingTelephonesTrain Actuated Warning devicesGate protection using AWS and ACDOver the past few years introduction of modern signaling systems have resulted intoreduction in accidents specially collisions at stations and at L.C gates
3SESSION - I

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