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US v. Drew (aug 29, 2009)

US v. Drew (aug 29, 2009)

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Published by JoeSkocilich
Myspace cyberbully mom case.
Myspace cyberbully mom case.

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Published by: JoeSkocilich on Jul 29, 2011
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12/01/2012

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FOREDUCATIONALUSEONLY259F.R.D.449(Citeas:259F.R.D.449)UnitedStatesDistrictCourt,C.D.California.UNITEDSTATESofAmerica,Plaintiff,v.LoriDREW,Defendant.No.CR08-0582-GW.Aug.28,2009.Background:DefendantmovedforjudgmentofacquittalafterjuryfoundherguiltyofmisdemeanorviolationsoftheComputerFraudandAbuseAct(CFAA).Holding:TheDistrictCourt,GeorgeH.Wu,J.,heldthatmisdemeanorconvictionunderCFAAbasedonlyondefendant'sintentionalviolationofinternetwebsite'stermsofservicewouldviolatevoid-for-vaguenessdoctrine.Motiongranted.WestHeadnotes[1]Damages115_57.21115Damages115IIIGroundsandSubjectsofCompensatoryDamages115III(A)DirectorRemote,Contingent,orProspectiveConsequencesorLosses115III(A)2MentalSufferingandEmo-tionalDistress115k57.19IntentionalorRecklessIn-flictionofEmotionalDistress;Outrage115k57.21
k.
Elementsingeneral.MostCitedCasesTheelementsofthetortofintentionalinflictionofemotionaldistress,underbothMissouriandCaliforniastatelaws,are:(l)thedefendantmustactintentionallyorrecklessly,(2)thedefendant'scon-ductmustbeextremeoroutrageous,and(3)theconductmustbethecause(4)ofextremeemotionalPage1distress.[2]IndictmentandInformation210_191(.5)210IndictmentandInformation210XIIIIncludedOffenses210k191DifferentOffenseIncludedinOf-fenseCharged210k191(.5)
k.
Ingeneral.MostCitedCasesA"lesserincludedcrime"isonewheretheele-mentsofthelesseroffenseareasubsetoftheele-mentsofthechargedoffense.Fed.RulesCr.Proc.Rule31(c)(I),18U.S.C.A.[3]CriminalLaw110_795(2.1)110CriminalLaw110XXTrial110XX(G)Instructions:Necessity,Requis-ites,andSufficiency110k795GradeorDegreeofOffense;In-cludedOffenses110k795(2)EvidenceJustifyingorRe-quiringInstructions1l0k795(2.1)
k.
Ingeneral.MostCitedCasesAdefendantisentitledtoalesserincludedof-fensejuryinstructioniftheevidencewarrantsit.[4]CriminalLaw1101111753.2(8)110CriminalLaw110XXTrial110XX(F)ProvinceofCourtandJuryinGeneral110k753DirectionofVerdict110k753.2OfAcquittal110k753.2(8)
k.
Hearingandde-termination.MostCitedCasesWhereamotionforjudgmentofacquittalrestsinwholeorinpartonthesufficiencyoftheevid-ence,theevidencemustbeviewedinthelightmostfavorabletothegovernment,withcircumstantialevidenceandinferencesdrawninsupportofthe©2011ThomsonReuters.NoClaimtoOrig.USGov.Works.
 
FOREDUCATIONALUSEONLY259F.R.D.449
(Citeas:259F.R.D.449)
jury'sverdict.Fed.RulesCr.Proc.Rule29(c),18U.S.C.A.
[5]Telecommunications372
_1348
372Telecommunications372VIIIComputerCommunications372k1347OffensesandProsecutions372k1348k.Ingeneral.MostCitedCasesThethirdelementofamisdemeanorviolationoftheComputerFraudandAbuseAct(CFAA),whichrequiresthedefendanttoobtaininformationfromacomputerusedininterstateorforeigncom-merce,issatisfiedwheneverapersonusingacom-putercontactsaninternetwebsiteandreadsanyre-sponsefromthatsite.18U.S.C.A.§1030(a)(2)(C).
[6]Telecommunications372_1348
372Telecommunications372VIIIComputerCommunications372k1347OffensesandProsecutions372k1348k.Ingeneral.MostCitedCasesAmisdemeanorviolationoftheComputerFraudandAbuseAct(CFAA)requiresthatthecon-ductofunlawfullyaccessingacomputer,andnottheobtainedinformation,mustinvolveaninterstateorforeigncommunication.18U.S.C.A.§1030(a)(2)(C).
[7]Telecommunications372_1348
372Telecommunications372VIIIComputerCommunications372k1347OffensesandProsecutions372k1348k.Ingeneral.MostCitedCasesWherecontactismadebetweenanindividual'scomputerandaninternetwebsite,thesecondele-mentofamisdemeanorviolationoftheComputerFraudandAbuseAct(CFAA),requiringaccessofacomputerinvolvedininterstateorforeigncom-merce,isperseestablished.18U.S.C.A.§1030(a)(2)(C).
[8]CriminalLaw110_13.1
110CriminalLawPage21101NatureandElementsofCrime110k12StatutoryProvisions110k13.1
k.
Certaintyanddefiniteness.MostCitedCasesThe"vaguenessdoctrine"barsenforcementofacriminalstatutewhicheitherforbidsorrequiresthedoingofanactintermssovaguethatmenofcommonintelligencemustnecessarilyguessatitsmeaninganddifferastoitsapplication.
[9]Statutes361_241(1)
361Statutes361VIConstructionandOperation361VI(B)ParticularClassesofStatutes361k241PenalStatutes361k241(1)
k.
Ingeneral.MostCitedCasesThecanonofstrictconstructionofcriminalstatutes,or"ruleoflenity,"ensuresfairwarningbysoresolvingambiguityinacriminalstatuteastoapplyitonlytoconductclearlycovered.
[10]ConstitutionalLaw92_4508
92ConstitutionalLaw92XXVIIDueProcess92XXVII(H)CriminalLaw92XXVII(H)2NatureandElementsofCrime92k4502CreationandDefinitionofOffense92k4508k.Retroactivelawsanddecisions;changeinlaw.MostCitedCasesDueprocessbarscourtsfromapplyinganovelconstructionofacriminalstatutetoconductthatneitherthestatutenoranypriorjudicialdecisionhasfairlydisclosedtobewithinitsscope.U.S.C.A.Const.Amends.5,14.
[11]CriminalLaw110.13.1
110CriminalLaw1101NatureandElementsofCrime110k12StatutoryProvisions110k13.1
k.
Certaintyanddefiniteness.©2011ThomsonReuters.NoClaimtoOrig.USGov.Works.
 
FOREDUCATIONALUSEONLY259F.R.D.449
(Citeas:259F.R.D.449)
MostCitedCasesAsgenerallystated,thevoid-for-vaguenessdoctrinerequiresthatapenalstatutedefinethecriminaloffensewithsufficientdefinitenessthator-dinarypeoplecanunderstandwhatconductispro-hibitedandinamannerthatdoesnotencouragear-bitraryanddiscriminatoryenforcement.
[12]CriminalLaw110_13.1
110CriminalLaw11OINatureandElementsofCrimel10k12StatutoryProvisionslI0k13.1
k.
Certaintyanddefiniteness.MostCitedCasesToavoidcontraveningthevoid-for-vaguenessdoctrine,thecriminalstatutemustcontainrelat-ivelyclearguidelinesastoprohibitedconductandprovideobjectivecriteriatoevaluatewhetheracrimehasbeencommitted.
[13]CriminalLaw110_13.1
110CriminalLaw11OINatureandElementsofCrime110k12StatutoryProvisions110k13.1k.Certaintyanddefiniteness.MostCitedCasesAdifficultyindeterminingwhethercertainmarginaloffensesarewithinthemeaningofthelanguageunderattackasvaguedoesnotautomatic-allyrenderacriminalstatuteunconstitutionalforindefiniteness.
[14]CriminalLaw110.13.1
110CriminalLaw11OINatureandElementsofCrime110k12StatutoryProvisions110k13.1
k.
Certaintyanddefiniteness.MostCitedCasesWhatrendersastatutevagueisnotthepossib-ilitythatitwillsometimesbedifficulttodeterminewhethertheincriminatingfactitestablisheshasbeenproved;butrathertheindeterminacyofpre-ciselywhatthatfactis.Page3
[15]CriminalLaw110.13.1
110CriminalLaw11OINatureandElementsofCrime110k12StatutoryProvisions110k13.1k.Certaintyanddefiniteness.MostCitedCasesVaguenesschallengestocriminalstatuteswhichdonotinvolveFirstAmendmentfreedomsmustbeexaminedinthelightofthefactsofthecaseathand.U.S.C.A.Const.Amend.
1.
[16]CriminalLaw110_13.1
110CriminalLaw11OINatureandElementsofCrime110k12StatutoryProvisions110k13.1
k.
Certaintyanddefiniteness.MostCitedCasesWhetheracriminalstatuteisunconstitutionallyvagueisaquestionoflaw.
[17]ConstitutionalLaw92_1133
92ConstitutionalLaw92VIIIVaguenessinGeneral92kl132ParticularIssuesandApplications92kl133
k.
Ingeneral.MostCitedCases
Telecommunications372_1314
372Telecommunications372VIIIComputerCommunications372k1311ConstitutionalandStatutoryProvi-sions372k1314k.Validity.MostCitedCasesConvictionundermisdemeanorprovisionoftheComputerFraudandAbuseAct(CFAA),pro-hibitingunauthorizedaccessofcomputer,basedonlyoncomputeruser'sintentionalviolationofoneormoreprovisionsofaninternetwebsite'stermsofservicewouldviolatevoid-for-vaguenessdoctrine;individualsofcommonintelligencewerenotonno-ticethatbreachofwebsite'stermsofservicecouldbeacrime,sincenormallybreachesofcontractwerenotsubjecttocriminalprosecution,andtheCFAAdidnotexplicitlyprovidethatbreachesof©2011ThomsonReuters.NoClaimtoOrig.USGov.Works.

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