2(1) “Whatever your hand finds to do, do
your might; for thereis no activity or planning or knowledge or wisdom in Sheol whereyou are going” (Ecc. 9:10).(2) “For Sheol cannot thank You, death cannot praise You; those whogo down to the pit cannot hope for Your faithfulness. It is the livingwho give thanks to You, as I do today; a father tells his sons aboutYour faithfulness” (Isa. 38:18-19).(c) At other times, it’s represented as a place where there is activity:“Sheol from beneath is excited over you to meet you when you come; itarouses for you the spirits of the dead, all the leaders of the earth; itraises all the kings of the nations from their thrones” (Isa. 14:9).(d) It also sometimes refers to the place of torment, “For a fire is kindled inMy anger, and burns to the lowest part of Sheol, and consumes the earthwith its yield, and sets on fire the foundations of the mountains” (Deu.32:22).b. Hades:(i) The word used in the NT with essentially the same meaning as Sheol: froma root meaning “not to be seen.”(ii) It is the place of the dead.(a) It can refer to the grave: “For David says of Him, ‘I saw the Lordalways in my presence; for he is at my right hand, so that I will not beshaken. Therefore my heart was glad and my tongue exulted; moreovermy flesh also will live in hope; because You will not abandon my soul toHades, nor allow Your holy one to undergo decay’” (Acts 2:25-27).(b) But it more clearly refers to the place where the wicked are punished.(1) “And you, Capernaum, will not be exalted to heaven, will you? Youwill descend to Hades; for if the miracles had occurred in Sodomwhich occurred in you, it would have remained to this day” (Matt.11:23).(2) “Now the poor man died and was carried away by the angels toAbraham's bosom; and the rich man also died and was buried. InHades he lifted up his eyes, being in torment, and saw Abraham faraway and Lazarus in his bosom” (Luke 16:22-23).c. Gehenna:(i) Originally from the Hebrew (
ge ben hinnom
) “the valley of the son of Hinnom, “He also defiled Topheth, which is in the valley of the son of Hinnom, that no man might make his son or his daughter pass through thefire for Molech” (2 Kings 23:10; referring to Josiah).(ii) This valley became the place where the refuse of the city was burned – thefire never going out.(iii) This is the word that is translated “hell” in the NT: “You serpents, youbrood of vipers, how will you escape the sentence of hell?” (Matt. 23:33).