Lightweight bench engine lathes are generally small lathes with a swing of 10 inches orless, mounted to a bench or table top. These lathes can accomplish most machining jobs,but may be limited due to the size of the material that can be turned.
Precision tool room lathes are also known as standard manufacturing lathes and are usedfor all lathe operations, such as turning, boring, drilling, reaming, producing screwthreads, taper turning, knurling, and radius forming, and can be adapted for specialmilling operations with the appropriate fixture. This type of lathe can handle workpiecesup to 25 inches in diameter and up to 200 inches long. However, the general size is abouta 15-inch swing with 36 to 48 inches between centers. Many tool room lathes are used forspecial tool and die production due to the high accuracy of the machine.
GAP OR EXTENSION-TYPE LATHES
Gap or extension-type lathes are similar to toolroom lathes except that gap lathes can beadjusted to machine larger diameter and longer workpieces The operator can increase theswing by moving the bed a distance from the headstock, which is usually one or two feet.By sliding the bed away from the headstock, the gap lathe can be used to turn very longworkpieces between centers.